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Ch 18: Ethical and Political Processes of the Environment

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons and learn how ethics and values impact our views of environmental issues. Use the self-assessment quizzes that follow each lesson to gauge your understanding of the subject matter.

Ethical and Political Processes of the Environment - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Solving environmental issues is a process that involves ethical considerations and political processes. In the lessons in this chapter, professional instructors will guide you through a study of how world views, government policy and ethics influence our approach to environmental problems. You'll examine how natural resources and economics are intertwined and learn about environmental decision making. Also included is discussion of future environmental issues. This chapter can help you understand the following:

  • How human values affect our understanding of environmental issues
  • What communities are exposed to exposed to environmental hazards
  • Environmental law in the United States
  • Natural capital and economics
  • World trade rules

Video Objective
Environmental Ethics & Human Values: Definition & Impact on Environmental Problems Define environmental ethics and human values and relate them to sustainability issues
Environmental Worldviews: Western and Deep Ecology Explore the Western and deep ecology worldviews and cultural/societal values
What Is Environmental Justice? - Definition, Principles, Examples and Issues Discuss environmental justice, especially how certain communities are disproportionately at-risk
Environmental Planning & Decision Making: Definition and Components Examine planning and decision making methods
What Is Environmental Legislation? - Laws, Regulation & Timeline Discuss the National Environmental Policy Act
What Is an Environmental Impact Statement? - Definition, Requirements and Examples Explore how these statements provide protection to the environment
Full Cost Accounting: Definition & Example Discuss full cost accounting
Economics, Natural Capital & the Environment Explain the connection between economics and natural capital
National Income Accounts: Definitions & Limitations Discuss the limitations of these accounts as estimations of national economic performance
The Economics of Pollution: Marginal Cost of Pollution & Optimum Amount of Pollution Distinguish between marginal cost of pollution, marginal cost of pollution abatement and optimum amount of pollution
Incentive-Based Regulatory Approaches: Environmental Taxes & Tradeable Permits Discuss incentive-based regulatory approaches
World Trade Rules & Environmental Policies Explore rules and policies
Future Environmental Concerns: Population, Food Supply, Energy & Pollution Explore future environmental issues

13 Lessons in Chapter 18: Ethical and Political Processes of the Environment
Environmental Ethics & Human Values: Definition & Impact on Environmental Problems

1. Environmental Ethics & Human Values: Definition & Impact on Environmental Problems

Environmental ethics take into consideration the moral obligations human beings have concerning the environment. Learn how environmental ethics and human values affect our ability to understand and solve environmental problems.

Environmental Worldviews: Western & Deep Ecology

2. Environmental Worldviews: Western & Deep Ecology

Environmental worldviews are the commonly shared beliefs that give groups of people a sense how humans should interact with the environment. Learn about two contrasting environmental worldviews: western and deep ecology.

What is Environmental Justice? - Definition, Principles, Examples & Issues

3. What is Environmental Justice? - Definition, Principles, Examples & Issues

Environmental justice is a movement that grew from the recognition of a disproportionate number of environmental burdens in certain communities. It works to ensure a healthy environment for all regardless of race, nationality, income, gender or age.

Environmental Planning & Decision Making: Definition & Components

4. Environmental Planning & Decision Making: Definition & Components

Environmental planning and decision making take into consideration the needs of society and the natural environment when developing an area. Learn how environmental planning and decision making are carried out to create sustainable outcomes.

What is Environmental Legislation? - Laws, Regulations & Timeline

5. What is Environmental Legislation? - Laws, Regulations & Timeline

Environmental legislation is a collection of many laws and regulations aimed at protecting the environment from harmful actions. Learn about the National Environmental Policy Act and other environmental laws.

What is an Environmental Impact Statement? - Definition, Requirements & Example

6. What is an Environmental Impact Statement? - Definition, Requirements & Example

An Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is a document that takes into consideration the environmental impact of a proposed action. Learn how an EIS is used to ensure that the goals of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) are met.

Environmental Full Cost Accounting: Definition & Example

7. Environmental Full Cost Accounting: Definition & Example

Environmental full cost accounting recognizes the economic, environmental, health and social costs of an activity. In this lesson, learn why the use of environmental full cost accounting is important during the decision-making process.

Economics, Natural Capital & the Environment

8. Economics, Natural Capital & the Environment

Natural capital is the resources and services derived from nature that are of value to people. Learn why protecting natural capital is important for sustainable growth and economic development.

National Income Accounts and The Environment: Definitions & Limitations

9. National Income Accounts and The Environment: Definitions & Limitations

National income accounts are a measurement of economic activity within a nation. However, they have limitations. Learn how national income accounts fail to take into consideration important factors such as environmental degradation.

The Economics of Pollution: Marginal Cost of Pollution & Optimum Amount of Pollution

10. The Economics of Pollution: Marginal Cost of Pollution & Optimum Amount of Pollution

There is an optimum amount of pollution where marginal benefit equals the marginal cost of pollution. Learn how marginal cost, marginal abatement cost and marginal benefit are considered when determining the optimum amount of pollution in this lesson.

Incentive-Based Regulatory Approaches: Environmental Taxes & Tradable Permits

11. Incentive-Based Regulatory Approaches: Environmental Taxes & Tradable Permits

An incentive-based regulatory approach aims to reduce environmentally-harmful pollutants by offering inducements to polluters who limit their emissions. Learn how environmental taxes and tradable permits are utilized to help protect the environment.

World Trade Rules & Environmental Policies

12. World Trade Rules & Environmental Policies

Environmental policies help the environment by managing human activities. Learn how world trade rules and environmental policies relate to each other and the impact they can have on environmental protection in this lesson.

Future Environmental Concerns: Population, Food Supply, Energy & Pollution

13. Future Environmental Concerns: Population, Food Supply, Energy & Pollution

There are many issues that raise future environmental concerns. Learn how the environment may be impacted by the growing population and food and energy needs of the world, as well as growing pollution concerns as we move through the 21st century.

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