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Ch 20: European Colonization of the Americas

About This Chapter

This comprehensive American history chapter explores the European colonization of the Americas. Study these lessons and quizzes at any time to improve your history knowledge and get ready for upcoming exams.

European Colonization of the Americas - Chapter Summary

Take a look through this mobile-friendly history chapter to review the European colonization of the Americas. As you progress through this series of simple and informative history lessons, you'll study native American tribes, the Columbian Exchange and the overall effect of European colonization. By the end of the chapter, you should be equipped to:

  • Evaluate the origins and history of native Americans
  • Identify the Iroquois tribes
  • Describe North American Indians before European contact
  • Understand how European colonization affected native Americans
  • Summarize the history of the Columbian Exchange

Following each lesson is a short self-assessment quiz to help you retain important historical terms, events and figures. If you have any questions, you can submit them to our expert history instructors. The flexible online format of the chapter enables you to study at home, at work or wherever you happen to be.

5 Lessons in Chapter 20: European Colonization of the Americas
Native American History: Origins of Early People in the Americas

1. Native American History: Origins of Early People in the Americas

Because the first humans and civilizations got their start in Africa and the Middle East, historians and anthropologists have had to figure out how Native Americans got to the Americas. In this lesson we look at the three prevailing theories of the earliest migration to the New World.

The Iroquois: Tribes & Confederacy

2. The Iroquois: Tribes & Confederacy

The Iroquois tribes lived in what is now New York State and in the Eastern Woodlands. Learn how the Iroquois lived and how their formation the Six Nations contributed to both their survival and their downfall.

Pre-Columbian Civilization: North American Indians Before Europeans

3. Pre-Columbian Civilization: North American Indians Before Europeans

Watch this video for an overview of the cultural groups of Native Americans as they lived at the time of first contact with Europeans. Some of these groupings, like the tribes of the plains, changed so much due to the addition of European influences, such as horses, that there is only conjecture as to how exactly they lived before European contact.

Effects of European Colonization: Christopher Columbus and Native Americans

4. Effects of European Colonization: Christopher Columbus and Native Americans

The earliest explorers in the Western Hemisphere left a legacy that would shape the development of the Americas permanently. No matter what they came looking for, Europeans left behind death, horses, and metal.

The Columbian Exchange

5. The Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange is a term used to denote the world-changing exchange of agricultural goods, slave labor, diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres that occurred after the year 1492 CE.

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