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Ch 18: European Exploration & Conquest

About This Chapter

If you're getting ready to take a big exam or test, let our chapter on European conquest and exploration help. This chapter is made up of short video lessons that cover all the topics you'll find on the test, so you can study wisely and get the very best score you can.

European Exploration & Conquest - Chapter Summary

In this engaging chapter, you'll review topics related to European exploration and conquest, including why the Europeans sailed to America. Additional lessons discuss European exploration in East Asia and what Southeast Asia was like during the spice trade. Other topics include some of the failed French and English colonies set up in North America, as well as an overview of North American exploration. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Identify some of the great Spanish and Portuguese explorers and what they discovered
  • Detail European exploration in Southeast Asia and India
  • Outline the history of the French exploration of the New World

Studying for a test or completing a homework assignment is simple with our informative learning materials. Each video lesson is interesting and easy to follow, making your study time more enjoyable. Before taking a test, you can check your understanding and readiness by taking the lesson quizzes and chapter test. Feel free to reach out to one of our instructors if you need any help along the way.

9 Lessons in Chapter 18: European Exploration & Conquest
The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.

Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries

2. Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries

This lesson will focus on the New World explorations of Spain and Portugal. It will list explorers from both of these countries while also highlighting the motivations behind European exploration.

European Exploration in India & Southeast Asia

3. European Exploration in India & Southeast Asia

While many in the United States focus primarily on the exploration of the New World during the Age of Exploration, a great deal of economic empire building was happening in the Indian Ocean.

European Exploration in East Asia

4. European Exploration in East Asia

Europeans faced significant difficulties when trying to trade with China and Japan. Much of this was due to preexisting notions that these East Asian societies held towards all outsiders.

Southeast Asia During the Spice Trade

5. Southeast Asia During the Spice Trade

Pirates, gold, and spicy food. The story of European involvement in Southeast Asia shows how the Portuguese inability to adapt, combined with the joint-stock companies of the Dutch, were able to change the face of Southeast Asia.

North American Exploration & Failed Colonies of France & England

6. North American Exploration & Failed Colonies of France & England

Between 1497 and 1607, the rulers and leading citizens of European nations fought to establish their own empires in North America, as Spain had been doing for 100 years in South America. Learn about influential explorers and their failed attempts to establish their own New World colonies.

French Exploration of the New World: History & Overview

7. French Exploration of the New World: History & Overview

Learn about the French exploration of the New World in this lesson. Discover how French sailors mapped territories, and explore the impact of the French on the Native Americans.

The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

8. The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

In this lesson, we'll discuss the Commercial Revolution sparked by Europe's interaction with the New World colonies. We'll learn about how mercantilism, banking and joint-stock companies transformed the economic face of the European continent.

The Spanish Armada: History and Major Battles

9. The Spanish Armada: History and Major Battles

In this lesson, we will study the famous Spanish Armada and its attempt to invade England in 1588. We will discuss the Armada's background, preparation, voyage, and ultimate fate.

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