About This Chapter
Evolution & Biodiversity - Chapter Summary
Review entertaining lessons in this chapter from home or on the go to gain greater insight into the basics of evolution and biodiversity. This self-paced chapter offers in-depth analyses of topics like speciation, natural selection and adaptation. After studying the lessons, you will be ready to do the following:
- Describe Charles Darwin's impact on science and discuss his theory of natural selection
- Explain why natural selection acts on physical traits and not genetic makeup
- Discuss the impact of natural selection on animals and explain what adaptations tell us about evolution
- Define and share examples of speciation
- Differentiate between allopatric speciation and sympatric speciation
Don't let a busy schedule get in the way of your ability to study evolution and biodiversity. Around-the-clock computer and mobile access to the lessons enables you to study whenever and wherever your schedule permits. Multiple-choice quizzes paired with the lessons let you quickly gauge your knowledge of the concepts they cover. If you hit a snag or need help clarifying topics examined in this chapter, feel free to submit them to our experts via the Dashboard.
1. Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection: Overview
In this lesson, you will be introduced to Charles Darwin and his theory of natural selection. You will also learn a bit about how his ideas impacted science, popular understandings of human origins, and those who, to this day, rail furiously against the very idea of evolution.
2. Why Natural Selection Acts on Phenotype, Not Genotype
Evolution works through the mechanism of natural selection. This mechanism influences the genetic make-up of populations, acting on the population's physical traits. In this lesson, we'll explore examples of why this is.
3. Natural Selection & Adaptation: Definition, Theory & Examples
How does natural selection help shape the amazing types of animals we witness around us? In this lesson, we'll explore adaptations and what they can tell us about a species' past evolution.
4. Speciation: Definition, Examples & Role in Evolution
Can you believe that over two million species have been identified on Earth? Have you ever wondered how so many species formed on Earth? Learn more about how new species form and test your knowledge with a quiz.
5. Allopatric Speciation: Example & Definition
If a continent splits, or a mountain range rises, one population can become two, and eventually the two populations may not be able to interbreed. Discover how species can split off from each other when they are separated.
6. Sympatric Speciation: Example & Definition
How do species evolve from a common ancestor, even if they live in the same location? Sympatric speciation is an evolutionary process that drives this type of division between species that occupy the same habitat.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the M-STEP Science - Grade 11: Test Prep & Practice course
- Scientific Inquiry & Reflection
- Earth Systems Overview
- Energy & Biochemical Cycles in Earth Systems
- Human Impacts on Earth Systems
- Advanced Rock Cycle
- The Interior of the Earth
- Plate Tectonics Theory
- Earthquakes & Volcanoes Overview
- Hydrogeology Overview
- Oceans & Climate
- Weather and Storms
- The Earth & Sun as a Part of a Galaxy
- Basics of Earth History & Geologic Time
- Climate Change
- Transformation of Matter & Energy in Cells
- Living Organism Composition
- Interdependence of Living Systems & the Environment
- Ecosystems & Populations
- DNA & Mutations
- Mitosis & Meiosis
- Physics & the Motion of Objects
- The Physics of Forces & Motion
- Forms of Energy
- Basics of Waves
- Light, Electricity & Nuclear Reactions
- Energy Transfer & Conservation
- Properties & States of Matter
- Chemical Changes in Matter