About This Chapter
FTCE Biology: Genetic Principles, Processes & Application - Chapter Summary
As you watch these video lessons, in preparation for the FTCE Biology 6-12, expert instructors will introduce you to the study of genetics, give you an overview of the alleles and chromosomes that make our genetic code and describe the study of human genetics. By watching these videos you should gain a stronger understanding of:
- The properties of alleles
- Mendel's first and second laws
- Effects of codominant and incomplete dominant alleles
- Traits linked to or limited by sex
- Chromosome structures
- Human genetics research methods
In addition to these video lessons, this chapter includes quizzes and worksheets that will further aid you as you learn or review the material presented in this chapter. Before taking the FTCE Biology 6-12, use the lesson quizzes to help you determine what topics you may still want to review, then use the video timelines to go directly to those topics in the video lessons. If you wish to read an entire lesson instead, you'll find that lesson transcripts are available. Instructors are also available to answer any questions you may have.
FTCE Biology 6-12: Genetic Principles, Processes & Application Objectives
The FTCE Biology 6-12 is the exam used to certify biology teachers who want to teach 6th through 12th grade biology in the state of Florida. It is a computer-based test composed of 120 multiple-choice questions, which test takers are given two hours and 30 minutes to complete. Of the 120 questions on the test, 11% are on genetic principles, processes and applications. This chapter can help you prepare for these questions by giving you an overview of genetics, reviewing the genetic structures that make our genes, explaining Mendel's laws and describing genetic research methodology.
1. Genetics: Heredity, Traits & Chromosomes
We view manipulation of genes in our crops and livestock as a recent development. Yet, man has been manipulating the genetic makeup of his food for thousands of years through cultivation and breeding. This lesson will begin to help you understand how genetics works.
2. Properties of Alleles
What is a dominant phenotype and how will it affect Adrian's flying hamster research? Tune in as he studies homozygous and heterozygous genotypes and the phenotypes they produce.
3. Exceptions to Simple Dominance: Codominance and Incomplete Dominance
Have you ever wondered what it means if someone is a universal donor or acceptor of blood? See how genetic interactions play a key role in this trait.
4. Exceptions to Independent Assortment: Sex Linked and Sex Limited Traits
More men are color blind compared women. But often, not every brother, cousin or uncle in a family tree is color blind. Why not? How can genetics explain this seemingly complex inheritance pattern?
5. Crossing Over & Gene Linkage: Definition, Importance & Results
During this latest development of his flying hamster experiments, Adrian must learn about linked genes and recombinant chromosomes to unlock the mystery of the fire-breathing hamster. In this lesson, you'll look at another exception to Mendel's law of independent assortment.
6. Human Genetics: Multifactorial Traits & Model Organisms
How do we study human genetics when most traits arise from multiple genes? It's certainly more complicated that drawing a simple Punnett square. Never fear, for model organisms are here!
7. Human Genetics Research Methods: Pedigrees and Population Genetics
Have you ever wondered how people study human genetics? Do you know what a pedigree or a complex disease is? In this lesson you'll learn about some of the techniques that human geneticists use and what pedigrees and complex diseases have to do with human genetics.
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Other chapters within the FTCE Biology Grades 6-12: Practice and Study Guide course
- About the FTCE Biology Grades 6-12 Test
- FTCE Biology: Basic Laboratory Concepts & Measurement
- FTCE Biology: Lab & Field Study Techniques
- FTCE Biology: Research Methods
- FTCE Biology: Science, Technology & Society
- FTCE Biology: Inorganic Compounds
- FTCE Biology: Organic Compounds
- FTCE Biology: Nucleic Acids
- FTCE Biology: Enzymes
- FTCE Biology: Metabolic Biochemistry
- FTCE Biology: Cell Biology
- FTCE Biology: Plant Cells
- FTCE Biology: Cell Communication
- FTCE Biology: Requirements of Biological Systems
- FTCE Biology: Cell Cycle & Division
- FTCE Biology: DNA Replication
- FTCE Biology: The Transcription & Translation Process
- FTCE Biology: Genetic Mutations
- FTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Organisms & Viruses
- FTCE Biology: Protists, Fungi & Plant Biology
- FTCE Biology: Plant Reproduction & Growth
- FTCE Biology: Evolution & Social Behavior of Animals
- FTCE Biology: Human Body Systems
- FTCE Biology: The Nervous, Immune & Endocrine Systems
- FTCE Biology: Reproduction & Development
- FTCE Biology: Human Reproductive Systems
- FTCE Biology: Ecological Principles & Processes
- FTCE Biology: The Origin of Life on Earth
- FTCE Biology: Evolution