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Ch 6: FTCE Biology: Inorganic Compounds

About This Chapter

Educators interested in teaching 6th through 12th grade biology in the state of Florida are required to take the Florida Teacher Certification Examination (FTCE) Biology 6-12 for certification. To help prepare for the biochemistry questions on this exam, watch the video lessons in this chapter on the inorganic elements and chemical reactions important for life.

FTCE Biology: Inorganic Compounds

This chapter includes a series of video lessons that can help aspiring educators prepare for inorganic biochemistry questions on the FTCE Biology 6-12. Expert instructors in these video lessons discuss the atomic elements and chemical solutions that form the foundation of life, the chemical processes that sustain life and how to express these processes in written chemical equations. Some of the topics that you will have a better understanding of after watching these videos include:

  • Key atomic elements of life
  • Atomic structure
  • Chemical bonds
  • Water's properties
  • How solutes and solvents form solutions
  • The properties of acids and bases
  • Laws of thermodynamics
  • Writing and balancing chemical reactions

In addition to brief videos, this chapter also includes lesson worksheets and quizzes to help fortify material learned and identify concepts you may still want to review before taking the FTCE Biology 6-12. To aid in your review, the video lessons have a built-in timeline that will take you directly to where key topics were discussed, and our expert instructors are available to answer any questions you may have.

FTCE Biology 6-12: Inorganic Compounds Objectives

FTCE Biology 6-12 is the certification exam given to educators who want to teach 6th through 12th grade biology in Florida. Test-takers of this computer-based exam are given two and a half hours to complete approximately 120 multiple-choice questions. Of the 120 questions on this exam, about 14% are on biochemistry, including inorganic compounds. Reviewing the material covered in this chapter can help you prepare for these questions.

13 Lessons in Chapter 6: FTCE Biology: Inorganic Compounds
What Are Elements?

1. What Are Elements?

Look around you. What do you see? Elements are everywhere. They are the building blocks of all matter on Earth. In this lesson, we will discuss what an element is, how elements are written as symbols, and how elements are the building blocks of all matter.

The Foundational Elements of Life

2. The Foundational Elements of Life

Living things are complex products of their environments. They are made of a number of different natural elements, many of which are essential to survival. Because of this, they are considered foundational elements and they support life on Earth as we know it.

The Atom

3. The Atom

Tune into this lesson to find out what matters about matter. What exactly is an atom? And, how do the atoms that make up the elements in the periodic table differ from one another?

The Electron Shell

4. The Electron Shell

You may be familiar with the role of electrons in electrical devices, but did you know that electrons also determine the chemical reactivity of everything around you?

Properties of Water

5. Properties of Water

Why does ice float? Why can water rise on its own against gravity in a small tube? Find out how these mysterious properties of water can be explained by hydrogen bonds.

Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents

6. Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents

Oh no! Your friend Ben just drank chili oil on a dare, and now his mouth is burning. Should he drink the ice water or vegetable oil to cool his mouth? Quick. Watch this lesson if you aren't sure.

Osmosis, Diffusion and Saturation

7. Osmosis, Diffusion and Saturation

The cells in our bodies are in constant flux through the processes of osmosis and diffusion. Learn about how saturation levels force change, and why we're lucky they do.

Acids and Bases

8. Acids and Bases

Have you ever wondered how we measure the acidity of liquids? Check out this lesson to see how acids and bases are measured on a pH scale and how they relate to neutral solutions, such as water.

The Laws of Thermodynamics

9. The Laws of Thermodynamics

Learn about the first and second laws of thermodynamics. Find out how energy is generated, how it converts from one form to another, and what happens to energy in a closed system.

Redox (Oxidation-Reduction) Reactions: Definitions and Examples

10. Redox (Oxidation-Reduction) Reactions: Definitions and Examples

This short video will explain oxidation-reduction reactions, or redox reactions for short. The focus is on how electrons are transferred during redox reactions. Learn some neat mnemonic devices to help you remember when an atom is oxidizing or reducing.

Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations

11. Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations

In this lesson, you'll learn how to balance a chemical reaction equation using the conservation of matter law. You'll also learn how to write both word and formula equations, what the subscripts after a letter mean and what the numbers in front of compounds mean.

Basic Properties of Chemical Reactions

12. Basic Properties of Chemical Reactions

Learn how about the various components of a chemical reaction, and how those components function. Use this lesson to understand the basic properties of different kinds of chemical reactions.

Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

13. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

This lesson covers both strong and weak acids and bases, using human blood as an example for the discussion. Other concepts discussed included conjugate acids and bases, the acidity constant, and buffer systems within the blood.

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