About This Chapter
FTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Organisms & Viruses - Chapter Summary
Use our lessons to prepare for questions on prokaryotic organisms and viruses when you take the FTCE Biology exam. We'll show you about the structure of bacterial cytoplasm, how the bacterial fermentation process works and ways to use microbial processes in biotechnology. By the end of this chapter, you should know how to:
- List the differences and similarities in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells
- Describe bacterial structures and how they work
- Analyze the organization of the bacterial genome
- Define anaerobic and aerobic bacterial metabolism
- Show the differences in types of bacterial genetic recombination
- Explain how microbial products function in biotechnology
Our professional instructors pack a lot of information in these brief video lessons. Each video comes with a written transcript with key phrases and words highlighted to make studying for the exam even easier.
Objectives of the FTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Organisms & Viruses Chapter
In Florida, anyone seeking certification as a biology teacher must pass the FTCE Biology exam. The questions on prokaryotic organisms and viruses are in the FTCE test's section on structural and functional diversity of viruses and prokaryotic organisms, which comprises 4% of the exam's 120 questions.
All exam questions are multiple choice, with four options for answers. While some are direct questions, others require you to draw a conclusion from a scenario or case study. Others ask that you complete a statement, and some are command questions. The quizzes at the end of each of our lessons let you assess your knowledge and practice answering questions in this format.
1. Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences
In this lesson, we discuss the similarities and differences between the eukaryotic cells of your body and prokaryotic cells such as bacteria. Eukaryotes organize different functions within specialized membrane-bound compartments called organelles. These structures do not exist in prokaryotes.
2. Bacterial Cytoplasm & Cell Membrane: Structure & Components
Some people say a bacterial cell is just a simple bag of enzymes. This couldn't be further from the truth! Learn about the structure and function of the bacterial cell membrane, what's in the cytoplasm, and how membrane surface area impacts bacterial size.
3. Bacterial Cell Walls: Structure, Function & Types
The bacterial cell wall has to be strong to prevent cell lysis but also porous to allow transport across the cell membrane. In this lesson, we will examine the structure of the bacterial cell wall and how it accomplishes both of these crucial tasks.
4. Bacterial Structures and Their Functions
A bacterial cell is not smooth like a balloon. Bacteria can be covered with a wide range of structures like pili and capsules that give each species of bacteria different abilities. In this lesson, you will learn about several of these key external structures of bacteria.
5. The Bacterial Genome: Structure & Organization
All organisms have DNA. While the basic structure of DNA is the same, the organization of the DNA in bacterial cells is very different than in human or animal cells. In this lesson we will explore the basics of the bacterial genome.
6. Bacterial Plasmids: Definition, Function & Uses
What if you could pick up bits of DNA and change your traits? In the animal kingdom, organisms are born with their lifetime total of DNA. In the bacterial world, cells can add to their genome by acquiring plasmids.
7. Aerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process
Respiration is the process of converting nutrients into usable energy. Several different mechanisms exist in the bacterial world. In this lesson, we will examine the role of oxygen in bacterial aerobic respiration.
8. Anaerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process
Bacteria are metabolically versatile and can grow in a range of environments. Many bacteria grow in environments without oxygen using anaerobic respiration and fermentation. This lesson will discuss the process of anaerobic respiration in bacteria.
9. Bacterial Fermentation Process & Products
Bacteria in anaerobic environments can break down organic compounds using fermentation. If you have ever eaten a fermented food, such as bread, yogurt or cheese, you have tasted the products of fermentation. Now, learn the details of this process.
10. How Prokaryotic Structure & Function Relate to Behavior & Identification
Prokaryotes are the most numerous and most diverse assortment of living organisms on the planet, so how do identify one? In this lesson we will examine four major factors that can be used to identify specific prokaryotes.
11. Types of Genetic Recombination in Bacteria
Genetic recombination in bacteria can occur in a few different ways. This video lesson will explore those methods, providing you with good understanding of how genetic information may be exchanged between these types of cells.
12. Microbial Processes & Products in Biotechnology
Biotechnology may sound like a fancy term, but it is applicable to very basic things in your everyday life. In this video lesson we'll look at some of the things that come from microbes in biotechnology, some of which might surprise you!
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Other chapters within the FTCE Biology Grades 6-12: Practice and Study Guide course
- About the FTCE Biology Grades 6-12 Test
- FTCE Biology: Basic Laboratory Concepts & Measurement
- FTCE Biology: Lab & Field Study Techniques
- FTCE Biology: Research Methods
- FTCE Biology: Science, Technology & Society
- FTCE Biology: Inorganic Compounds
- FTCE Biology: Organic Compounds
- FTCE Biology: Nucleic Acids
- FTCE Biology: Enzymes
- FTCE Biology: Metabolic Biochemistry
- FTCE Biology: Cell Biology
- FTCE Biology: Plant Cells
- FTCE Biology: Cell Communication
- FTCE Biology: Requirements of Biological Systems
- FTCE Biology: Cell Cycle & Division
- FTCE Biology: DNA Replication
- FTCE Biology: The Transcription & Translation Process
- FTCE Biology: Genetic Principles, Processes & Applications
- FTCE Biology: Genetic Mutations
- FTCE Biology: Protists, Fungi & Plant Biology
- FTCE Biology: Plant Reproduction & Growth
- FTCE Biology: Evolution & Social Behavior of Animals
- FTCE Biology: Human Body Systems
- FTCE Biology: The Nervous, Immune & Endocrine Systems
- FTCE Biology: Reproduction & Development
- FTCE Biology: Human Reproductive Systems
- FTCE Biology: Ecological Principles & Processes
- FTCE Biology: The Origin of Life on Earth
- FTCE Biology: Evolution