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Ch 20: FTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Organisms & Viruses

About This Chapter

Watch these lessons and learn about bacterial structures and the life cycle of viruses. The information in this chapter will help you prepare for these types of questions on the FTCE Biology test.

FTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Organisms & Viruses - Chapter Summary

Use our lessons to prepare for questions on prokaryotic organisms and viruses when you take the FTCE Biology exam. We'll show you about the structure of bacterial cytoplasm, how the bacterial fermentation process works and ways to use microbial processes in biotechnology. By the end of this chapter, you should know how to:

  • List the differences and similarities in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells
  • Describe bacterial structures and how they work
  • Analyze the organization of the bacterial genome
  • Define anaerobic and aerobic bacterial metabolism
  • Show the differences in types of bacterial genetic recombination
  • Explain how microbial products function in biotechnology

Our professional instructors pack a lot of information in these brief video lessons. Each video comes with a written transcript with key phrases and words highlighted to make studying for the exam even easier.

Objectives of the FTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Organisms & Viruses Chapter

In Florida, anyone seeking certification as a biology teacher must pass the FTCE Biology exam. The questions on prokaryotic organisms and viruses are in the FTCE test's section on structural and functional diversity of viruses and prokaryotic organisms, which comprises 4% of the exam's 120 questions.

All exam questions are multiple choice, with four options for answers. While some are direct questions, others require you to draw a conclusion from a scenario or case study. Others ask that you complete a statement, and some are command questions. The quizzes at the end of each of our lessons let you assess your knowledge and practice answering questions in this format.

12 Lessons in Chapter 20: FTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Organisms & Viruses
Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences

1. Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences

In this lesson, we discuss the similarities and differences between the eukaryotic cells of your body and prokaryotic cells such as bacteria. Eukaryotes organize different functions within specialized membrane-bound compartments called organelles. These structures do not exist in prokaryotes.

Bacterial Cytoplasm & Cell Membrane: Structure & Components

2. Bacterial Cytoplasm & Cell Membrane: Structure & Components

Some people say a bacterial cell is just a simple bag of enzymes. This couldn't be further from the truth! Learn about the structure and function of the bacterial cell membrane, what's in the cytoplasm, and how membrane surface area impacts bacterial size.

Bacterial Cell Walls: Structure, Function & Types

3. Bacterial Cell Walls: Structure, Function & Types

The bacterial cell wall has to be strong to prevent cell lysis but also porous to allow transport across the cell membrane. In this lesson, we will examine the structure of the bacterial cell wall and how it accomplishes both of these crucial tasks.

Bacterial Structures and Their Functions

4. Bacterial Structures and Their Functions

A bacterial cell is not smooth like a balloon. Bacteria can be covered with a wide range of structures like pili and capsules that give each species of bacteria different abilities. In this lesson, you will learn about several of these key external structures of bacteria.

The Bacterial Genome: Structure & Organization

5. The Bacterial Genome: Structure & Organization

All organisms have DNA. While the basic structure of DNA is the same, the organization of the DNA in bacterial cells is very different than in human or animal cells. In this lesson we will explore the basics of the bacterial genome.

Bacterial Plasmids: Definition, Function & Uses

6. Bacterial Plasmids: Definition, Function & Uses

What if you could pick up bits of DNA and change your traits? In the animal kingdom, organisms are born with their lifetime total of DNA. In the bacterial world, cells can add to their genome by acquiring plasmids.

Aerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process

7. Aerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process

Respiration is the process of converting nutrients into usable energy. Several different mechanisms exist in the bacterial world. In this lesson, we will examine the role of oxygen in bacterial aerobic respiration.

Anaerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process

8. Anaerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process

Bacteria are metabolically versatile and can grow in a range of environments. Many bacteria grow in environments without oxygen using anaerobic respiration and fermentation. This lesson will discuss the process of anaerobic respiration in bacteria.

Bacterial Fermentation Process & Products

9. Bacterial Fermentation Process & Products

Bacteria in anaerobic environments can break down organic compounds using fermentation. If you have ever eaten a fermented food, such as bread, yogurt or cheese, you have tasted the products of fermentation. Now, learn the details of this process.

How Prokaryotic Structure & Function Relate to Behavior & Identification

10. How Prokaryotic Structure & Function Relate to Behavior & Identification

Prokaryotes are the most numerous and most diverse assortment of living organisms on the planet, so how do identify one? In this lesson we will examine four major factors that can be used to identify specific prokaryotes.

Types of Genetic Recombination in Bacteria

11. Types of Genetic Recombination in Bacteria

Genetic recombination in bacteria can occur in a few different ways. This video lesson will explore those methods, providing you with good understanding of how genetic information may be exchanged between these types of cells.

Microbial Processes & Products in Biotechnology

12. Microbial Processes & Products in Biotechnology

Biotechnology may sound like a fancy term, but it is applicable to very basic things in your everyday life. In this video lesson we'll look at some of the things that come from microbes in biotechnology, some of which might surprise you!

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