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Ch 4: FTCE Biology: Research Methods

About This Chapter

The Florida Teacher Certification Examination (FTCE) on 6th-12th grade biology is used to certify teachers who want to teach 6th through 12th grade biology in Florida. This chapter helps you prepare for exam questions on research methodology with informative lessons and brief quizzes.

FTCE Biology: Research Methods - Chapter Summary

Use the lessons in this chapter to prepare for questions on research methodology on the FTCE Biology 6-12 exam. In these lessons, our expert instructors explain how scientific research is conducted, as well as showing you how to read scientific data presented in different visual formats, explaining the development and use of biological theories and demonstrating how to design scientific experiments. When you've completed this chapter, you will have a better understanding of:

  • Scientific research and scientific approaches to knowledge
  • How the scientific method works
  • What experimental design is
  • How to read scientific data presented in tables, graphs and other visual presentations
  • Types of variables
  • Reliability and validity in research
  • The development of biological theories
  • Differences between qualitative and quantitative data
  • Designing scientific experiments

Following these lessons, take the practice quizzes to help you determine what areas you may want to review more before taking the FTCE Biology 6-12 exam. You can even contact our expert instructors for further assistance.

FTCE Biology 6-12: Research Methods - Chapter Objectives

The state of Florida uses the FTCE Biology 6-12 exam as part of the certification process for educators interested in teaching 6th through 12th grade biology. Test takers are given two hours and 30 minutes to complete around 120 multiple-choice questions on this computer-based test. Of the 120 questions, approximately 18% are on scientific investigative processes. This chapter and its lessons help prepare you for questions on the scientific method, experimental design, the formation of biological theories and reading scientific data.

9 Lessons in Chapter 4: FTCE Biology: Research Methods
What is Scientific Research?

1. What is Scientific Research?

This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!

The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples

2. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples

The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.

Experimental Design in Science: Definition & Method

3. Experimental Design in Science: Definition & Method

What are the requirements of a scientific experiment? How do scientists turn hypotheses into theories and laws? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this lesson on the design of scientific experiments.

Scientific vs. Nonscientific Approaches to Knowledge

4. Scientific vs. Nonscientific Approaches to Knowledge

How do you obtain knowledge? Did you know there is more than one way to know? Learn about the scientific and nonscientific approaches to knowledge, then test your knowledge with a quiz.

Significant Figures and Scientific Notation

5. Significant Figures and Scientific Notation

Are 7.5 grams and 7.50 grams the same? How do scientists represent very large and very small quantities? Find out the answers to these questions in this video.

Variables & Controls in a Science Experiment

6. Variables & Controls in a Science Experiment

After watching this video, you will be able to explain how science experiments are conducted; what variables, controlled variables, and controls are: and why these things are important. A short quiz will follow.

Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study

7. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study

Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.

How Biological Theories Develop

8. How Biological Theories Develop

The process of developing scientific theories is a crucial part of understanding the natural world. Here we will examine how biological theories develop. At the end, you can test your knowledge with a brief quiz.

Design a Scientific Experiment: Example of Avery and Griffith's Experiment

9. Design a Scientific Experiment: Example of Avery and Griffith's Experiment

What are the requirements of a scientific experiment? How do scientists design their investigations? In this lesson, we'll use the work of Avery and Griffith to explore the process of experimental design.

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