About This Chapter
FTCE Biology: Research Methods - Chapter Summary
Use the lessons in this chapter to prepare for questions on research methodology on the FTCE Biology 6-12 exam. In these lessons, our expert instructors explain how scientific research is conducted, as well as showing you how to read scientific data presented in different visual formats, explaining the development and use of biological theories and demonstrating how to design scientific experiments. When you've completed this chapter, you will have a better understanding of:
- Scientific research and scientific approaches to knowledge
- How the scientific method works
- What experimental design is
- How to read scientific data presented in tables, graphs and other visual presentations
- Types of variables
- Reliability and validity in research
- The development of biological theories
- Differences between qualitative and quantitative data
- Designing scientific experiments
Following these lessons, take the practice quizzes to help you determine what areas you may want to review more before taking the FTCE Biology 6-12 exam. You can even contact our expert instructors for further assistance.
FTCE Biology 6-12: Research Methods - Chapter Objectives
The state of Florida uses the FTCE Biology 6-12 exam as part of the certification process for educators interested in teaching 6th through 12th grade biology. Test takers are given two hours and 30 minutes to complete around 120 multiple-choice questions on this computer-based test. Of the 120 questions, approximately 18% are on scientific investigative processes. This chapter and its lessons help prepare you for questions on the scientific method, experimental design, the formation of biological theories and reading scientific data.
1. What is Scientific Research?
This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!
2. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples
The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.
3. Experimental Design in Science: Definition & Method
What are the requirements of a scientific experiment? How do scientists turn hypotheses into theories and laws? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this lesson on the design of scientific experiments.
4. Scientific vs. Nonscientific Approaches to Knowledge
How do you obtain knowledge? Did you know there is more than one way to know? Learn about the scientific and nonscientific approaches to knowledge, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
5. Significant Figures and Scientific Notation
Are 7.5 grams and 7.50 grams the same? How do scientists represent very large and very small quantities? Find out the answers to these questions in this video.
6. Variables & Controls in a Science Experiment
After watching this video, you will be able to explain how science experiments are conducted; what variables, controlled variables, and controls are: and why these things are important. A short quiz will follow.
7. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study
Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.
8. How Biological Theories Develop
The process of developing scientific theories is a crucial part of understanding the natural world. Here we will examine how biological theories develop. At the end, you can test your knowledge with a brief quiz.
9. Design a Scientific Experiment: Example of Avery and Griffith's Experiment
What are the requirements of a scientific experiment? How do scientists design their investigations? In this lesson, we'll use the work of Avery and Griffith to explore the process of experimental design.
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Other chapters within the FTCE Biology Grades 6-12: Practice and Study Guide course
- About the FTCE Biology Grades 6-12 Test
- FTCE Biology: Basic Laboratory Concepts & Measurement
- FTCE Biology: Lab & Field Study Techniques
- FTCE Biology: Science, Technology & Society
- FTCE Biology: Inorganic Compounds
- FTCE Biology: Organic Compounds
- FTCE Biology: Nucleic Acids
- FTCE Biology: Enzymes
- FTCE Biology: Metabolic Biochemistry
- FTCE Biology: Cell Biology
- FTCE Biology: Plant Cells
- FTCE Biology: Cell Communication
- FTCE Biology: Requirements of Biological Systems
- FTCE Biology: Cell Cycle & Division
- FTCE Biology: DNA Replication
- FTCE Biology: The Transcription & Translation Process
- FTCE Biology: Genetic Principles, Processes & Applications
- FTCE Biology: Genetic Mutations
- FTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Organisms & Viruses
- FTCE Biology: Protists, Fungi & Plant Biology
- FTCE Biology: Plant Reproduction & Growth
- FTCE Biology: Evolution & Social Behavior of Animals
- FTCE Biology: Human Body Systems
- FTCE Biology: The Nervous, Immune & Endocrine Systems
- FTCE Biology: Reproduction & Development
- FTCE Biology: Human Reproductive Systems
- FTCE Biology: Ecological Principles & Processes
- FTCE Biology: The Origin of Life on Earth
- FTCE Biology: Evolution