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Ch 1: Fundamentals of Thermodynamics: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Fundamentals of Thermodynamics chapter of this SAT Physics Help and Review course is the simplest way to master thermodynamics. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of thermodynamics.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help preparing for the SAT Physics Subject Test will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn better grades. You're in the right place if you:

  • Have fallen behind in understanding different kinds of energy or the first two laws of thermodynamics.
  • Need an efficient way to learn about thermodynamics.
  • Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools.
  • Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD.
  • Experience difficulty understanding your teachers.
  • Missed class time and need to catch up.
  • Can't access extra science resources at school.

How it works:

  • Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
  • Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Fundamentals of Thermodynamics chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Fundamentals of Thermodynamics chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:

  • What does the First Law of Thermodynamics say about energy?
  • How does the Second Law of Thermodynamics explain entropy and systems?
  • What are some examples of chemical, electrical, nuclear and mechanical energy?
  • How do radiant and thermal energy differ from each other?
  • What is the relationship between kinetic and potential energy?
  • How can changes in energy and heat be diagramed?
  • What is the formula for calculating the heat capacity of substances?
  • How does the transformation of energy occur in living organisms?

15 Lessons in Chapter 1: Fundamentals of Thermodynamics: Help and Review
What is Energy? - Definition and Significance in Nature

1. What is Energy? - Definition and Significance in Nature

This lesson describes the nature of energy and how it is transferred from one source into another. Additionally, it will describe the significance of energy in natural systems.

Kinetic Energy to Potential Energy: Relationship in Different Energy Types

2. Kinetic Energy to Potential Energy: Relationship in Different Energy Types

This video defines and describes kinetic and potential energy. You'll learn how different types of energy can be classified as potential and kinetic. You'll also find out how kinetic and potential energy are transformed.

First Law of Thermodynamics: Law of Conservation of Energy

3. First Law of Thermodynamics: Law of Conservation of Energy

This video describes the first law of thermodynamics. Several examples of the application of this law are discussed. The significance of the law and its practical application are discussed as well.

Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy and Systems

4. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy and Systems

In this lesson, we'll learn about the second law of thermodynamics. By studying this law, you'll understand how energy works and why we're all moving towards eventual chaos and disorder.

What is Mechanical Energy? - Definition & Examples

5. What is Mechanical Energy? - Definition & Examples

In physics, energy is how work gets done. This video describes one important type of energy, mechanical energy, and provides examples of both kinetic and potential mechanical energy.

What is Thermal Energy? - Definition & Examples

6. What is Thermal Energy? - Definition & Examples

This lesson defines and identifies examples of thermal energy everywhere from your kitchen to the Earth's core. We'll discuss geothermal energy, a renewable energy source, as well.

What is Radiant Energy? - Definition & Examples

7. What is Radiant Energy? - Definition & Examples

This lesson defines and describes radiant energy in its different forms. The different types of electromagnetic waves created by radiant energy are identified and described as well. This includes X-rays, microwaves, and radio waves, to mention a few.

What is Chemical Energy? - Definition & Examples

8. What is Chemical Energy? - Definition & Examples

This lesson describes chemical energy as a type of potential energy stored in chemicals, such as sugar and gasoline. The lesson discusses how energy is transferred from solar energy to chemical energy by plants and how gasoline is a source of chemical energy used to move cars.

What is Electrical Energy? - Definition & Examples

9. What is Electrical Energy? - Definition & Examples

This lesson defines electrical energy and explores its role as a form of potential energy. It also offers an explanation of how it functions within electric fields and provides examples of its applications.

What is Nuclear Energy? - Definition & Examples

10. What is Nuclear Energy? - Definition & Examples

You've probably heard of nuclear energy. But what is it? And what is the difference between fusion and fission? This lesson will answer your questions about this exciting form of energy that involves atoms and their nuclei.

How to Calculate Specific Heat Capacity for Different Substances

11. How to Calculate Specific Heat Capacity for Different Substances

This lesson describes specific heat capacity and explains how the specific heat capacity of water helps to maintain a relatively constant temperature in nature. Learn how to identify the specific heat capacity of other common materials and how to calculate specific heat capacity with an experiment.

Changes in Heat and Energy Diagrams

12. Changes in Heat and Energy Diagrams

Did you know that temperature and heat are not the same thing? Did you know that the temperature of water doesn't change when it boils? This lesson describes the relationship between heat and temperature. Diagrams are used to illustrate the relationship between heat and temperature during phase changes.

Energy and Life: The Transformation of Energy in Living Organisms

13. Energy and Life: The Transformation of Energy in Living Organisms

While the sun is an excellent source of energy, not all forms of life can utilize the sun's energy directly. This lesson describes how plants transform the sun's energy into potential energy stored in sugar, how living organisms utilize energy in sugar to perform work, and how the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is necessary for life.

Scientist Harry Hess: Biography & Theory

14. Scientist Harry Hess: Biography & Theory

It is a common misconception that all important scientific contributions about our planet were made centuries ago. However, in 1960, Harry Hess made a contribution that changed the way we understand the Earth. This lesson details Hess' career and scientific contribution.

Exergonic Reaction: Definition & Example

15. Exergonic Reaction: Definition & Example

In living and mechanical systems, energy is needed to drive various functions, which is obtained through exergonic reactions. Learn about these reactions, the characteristics that define them, and their purpose in biological and mechanical systems in this lesson.

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