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Ch 9: Geology for Elementary School

About This Chapter

Your student can learn about various aspects of geology when he or she studies this chapter's many pertinent lessons for kids. Test your student's knowledge by checking their answers to the short quizzes.

Geology for Elementary School - Chapter Summary

This chapter and its lessons can serve to fill in any gaps in your child's knowledge of geology. It can also reinforce what your student has already learned about geological processes, definitions and concepts while in school.

This chapter's lessons on geology were developed by education professionals and are delivered by actual teachers. This program of study can be accessed online with a mobile device or a standard desktop computer. The lesson text includes step-by-step examples and, sometimes, important key terms in bold print. Students can request help if it's needed by visiting the Dashboard area. There, they can submit questions on geology by using the ask-an-expert feature.

Chapter Lessons and Objectives

Lesson Objective
Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids: Definition, Theory & Facts The Earth's tectonic plates are defined and their movement explained in this lesson.
Theory of Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids Related theories are explored here.
Seismic Waves Lesson for Kids Different kinds of seismic waves are the focus of this lesson.
The Richter Scale Lesson for Kids Students learn about the Richter scale and its use.
Seismograph Lesson for Kids: Definition & Uses Pupils discover how the seismograph measures the strength of earthquakes.
Earthquakes Lesson for Kids This lesson defines earthquakes and studies their causes.
Tsunamis Lesson for Kids Facts & Information Students learn what tsunamis are and examine their causes and effects.
Ring of Fire - Lesson for Kids This lesson features the definition and location of the Ring of Fire.
Pangaea Lesson for Kids Pupils receive information about super-continent Pangaea, and they study related theories.
Types of Rocks: Lesson for Kids Various kinds of rocks are explored within this lesson.
Types of Igneous Rocks: Lesson for Kids This lesson looks at how igneous rocks are created.
Sedimentary Rocks Lesson for Kids: Definition and Facts Different types of sedimentary rocks are highlighted here.
Soil Science Lesson for Kids This lesson examines the minerals and properties of the Earth's soil.
Volcanoes Lesson for Kids: Facts & Types Students learn about various kinds of volcanoes.
How Are Volcanoes Formed? Lesson for Kids The formation of volcanoes is explained.
Why Do Volcanoes Erupt? - Lesson for Kids This lesson lists contributing factors to volcanic eruptions.
How Was the Grand Canyon Formed? - Lesson for Kids Students discover the origins of the Grand Canyon.
Erosion Lesson for Kids: Definition, Facts and Types The causes and results of erosion are examined in this lesson.
Erosion & Deposition Lesson for Kids Students discover the effects of erosion and deposition on landforms.
Weathering Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts The process of weathering is explained and the resulting formations are described here.
Erosion & Weathering Lesson for Kids The impact of weathering and erosion on the surface of the Earth is described in this lesson.
Wind, Soil, Water and Beach Erosion Lesson for Kids Pupils look at the ways in which the wind, soil and water can transform our planet's surface. The lesson also examines the causes of beach erosion.
Water Cycle Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts Students can discover what the water cycle is and how it works.
Landslides Lesson for Kids This lesson explains the ways in which landslides develop.
Sinkholes Lesson for Kids Students discover the causes and effects of sinkholes.
Stalactites & Stalagmites Lesson for Kids This lesson explains how these deposits form and describes the differences between the two.
Carbon Dating Lesson for Kids Pupils learn about the carbon dating technique and how it's used.
Bermuda Triangle Stories: Lesson for Kids The mysteries of the Bermuda Triangle are explored.

55 Lessons in Chapter 9: Geology for Elementary School
Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids: Definition, Theory & Facts

1. Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids: Definition, Theory & Facts

Ever wonder how breath-taking mountains, trembling earthquakes, and exploding volcanoes are formed? The answer is plate tectonics! This lesson takes you deep into the Earth to introduce the concept of plate tectonics and how this theory plays such an important part in the world of geology.

Theory of Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids

2. Theory of Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, you will learn how the earth and a S'mores are similar! Read on to find out about tectonic plates and how their movement shapes the Earth.

Seismic Waves Lesson for Kids

3. Seismic Waves Lesson for Kids

Learn about seismic waves and see the importance of measuring them. Discover the ways they come about and look at the scientists who record and study them.

The Richter Scale Lesson for Kids

4. The Richter Scale Lesson for Kids

Have you ever wondered what scientists use to measure earthquakes? Come learn about the purpose and history of the Richter scale as well as how to use it to record the strength of earthquakes.

Seismograph Lesson for Kids: Definition & Uses

5. Seismograph Lesson for Kids: Definition & Uses

Get ready for some Earth shaking learning! In this lesson, you'll learn what a seismograph is and how scientists use a seismograph to learn things about earthquakes.

Earthquakes Lesson for Kids

6. Earthquakes Lesson for Kids

Did you know the Earth can feel stressed? When it feels too much stress it sometimes shakes, causing what is known as an earthquake. In this lesson we will discuss these natural disasters, including what an earthquake is, how an earthquake occurs, and other interesting facts about earthquakes.

Tsunamis Lesson for Kids Facts & Information

7. Tsunamis Lesson for Kids Facts & Information

Tsunamis are waves of water that can cause a lot of damage if they hit the land. This lesson teaches you about tsunamis, how they form, and where they are most likely to happen.

Ring of Fire Lesson for Kids

8. Ring of Fire Lesson for Kids

The Ring of Fire causes earthquakes, mountains and volcanoes, and it has been fascinating scientists for many years. Learn about this very large area of earth and how it has helped scientists learn more about our planet.

Pangaea Lesson for Kids

9. Pangaea Lesson for Kids

This lesson will discuss the supercontinent known as Pangaea. In this lesson you will learn the history of Pangaea, the information scientists of gathered focused on Pangaea, and other interesting facts related to Pangaea.

Types of Rocks: Lesson for Kids

10. Types of Rocks: Lesson for Kids

Science is so awesome. You might even say science ROCKS! In this lesson, we will learn about the three types of rocks, what they look like, and how they are made.

Types of Igneous Rocks: Lesson for Kids

11. Types of Igneous Rocks: Lesson for Kids

Rocks come in all shapes, sizes, and colors and are found all over the world. Rocks are classified, or grouped, according to how they are formed. In this lesson, you'll learn more about one of those groups, igneous rocks. Now, let's rock and roll!

Sedimentary Rocks Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

12. Sedimentary Rocks Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

You can find sedimentary rocks all along Earth's surface--even in your own backyard. Let's find out what sedimentary rocks are and learn how they are made.

Soil Science Lesson for Kids

13. Soil Science Lesson for Kids

This lesson will teach you about soil and why it's important. We'll explore what soil is, the different types of soil, and the layers of soil within Earth's crust.

Volcanoes Lesson for Kids: Facts & Types

14. Volcanoes Lesson for Kids: Facts & Types

Volcanoes are some of the most awesome and jaw-dropping natural features on Earth. But what are they? In this lesson, we'll talk about volcanoes, how they're formed, and why they erupt. You'll also learn about four different types of volcanoes.

How Are Volcanoes Formed? Lesson for Kids

15. How Are Volcanoes Formed? Lesson for Kids

Volcanoes are one of Earth's most magnificent land features. In this lesson, you will learn about volcanoes, how they're formed, what's inside them, and why some volcanoes look different than others.

Why Do Volcanoes Erupt? - Lesson for Kids

16. Why Do Volcanoes Erupt? - Lesson for Kids

If you have ever wondered why volcanoes erupt, this lesson is for you! You will learn about some of the events that lead to a volcanic eruption. As you will see, not all eruptions are alike.

How Was the Grand Canyon Formed? - Lesson for Kids

17. How Was the Grand Canyon Formed? - Lesson for Kids

The majestic Grand Canyon was carved from the rocks in Northeastern Arizona. Scientists are learning more about this area and have found it may be even older than they thought! Read this lesson to find out more about this giant formation.

Erosion Lesson for Kids: Definition, Facts & Types

18. Erosion Lesson for Kids: Definition, Facts & Types

Did you know that some landforms get created by a destructive process? In this lesson you will learn how erosion affects the surface of the Earth through different forces.

Erosion & Deposition Lesson for Kids

19. Erosion & Deposition Lesson for Kids

Erosion and deposition are natural processes that occur constantly. This lesson will teach you how erosion and deposition work to change the surface of our earth, then you can test your knowledge with a short quiz.

Weathering Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

20. Weathering Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

In this lesson, you will discover how big rocks turn into small rocks through a process called weathering. You will be able to define weathering and name the different types.

Erosion & Weathering Lesson for Kids

21. Erosion & Weathering Lesson for Kids

The Earth's land is always changing. Two processes that contribute to those changes are weathering and erosion. In this lesson, you will learn all about these processes, including how they are different and how they affect the planet you call home.

Wind Erosion Lesson for Kids

22. Wind Erosion Lesson for Kids

Although we can't see it, wind is a powerful force that affects the Earth's surface all the time. In this lesson, you will learn what wind erosion is, what types there are, and some of the awesome features created by wind erosion.

Soil Erosion Lesson for Kids

23. Soil Erosion Lesson for Kids

When something erodes, it wears away. In this lesson, you'll learn what causes soil to erode, what soil erosion looks like, and what can be done to control it.

Water Erosion Lesson for Kids

24. Water Erosion Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, you will learn how Mother Nature uses 4 types of water erosion to move soil and particles from one area to another. You will also find out how humans cause water erosion and the effect it has on Earth.

Beach Erosion Lesson for Kids

25. Beach Erosion Lesson for Kids

This lesson discusses the causes and effects of beach erosion. You will learn what causes beach erosion, how human activity affects it, and how coastal areas try to prevent it.

Water Cycle Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

26. Water Cycle Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

This lesson goes over how water moves through the environment. It will review the different parts of the water cycle, including evaporation, condensation, precipitation and collection.

Landslides Lesson for Kids

27. Landslides Lesson for Kids

Have you ever heard about landslides on the news or seen pictures showing the devastation they can cause? In this lesson, discover the causes of landslides and take a close look at the dangers of this natural phenomenon.

Sinkholes Lesson for Kids

28. Sinkholes Lesson for Kids

Sinkholes are holes that suddenly appear when there is nothing underneath the ground to support it. Find out what causes sinkholes and where in the United States they are most common.

Stalactites & Stalagmites Lesson for Kids

29. Stalactites & Stalagmites Lesson for Kids

Some caves have cool-looking formations called stalactites and stalagmites. Although they grow in different directions and may be different sizes and shapes, they are all formed by the same basic process. In this lesson, you will learn about these formations.

Carbon Dating Lesson for Kids

30. Carbon Dating Lesson for Kids

Did you ever wonder how scientists know a fossil is 10,000 years old or a piece of paper is 2,000 years old? They use a method called carbon dating. In this lesson you'll learn about carbon dating and how it works.

Bermuda Triangle Stories: Lesson for Kids

31. Bermuda Triangle Stories: Lesson for Kids

A number of planes and ships have gone missing in an area of the ocean called the Bermuda Triangle. Learn more about these strange disappearances and some theories as to why they may have happened.

Mineral Identification Lesson for Kids

32. Mineral Identification Lesson for Kids

When we think of minerals, we tend to think of expensive ones, like gold and diamonds, but minerals are all around us. In this lesson you'll learn about some of the different ways to identify minerals around you

Types of Minerals: Lesson for Kids

33. Types of Minerals: Lesson for Kids

What are minerals? How do we use them? In this lesson, you will learn the answers to these questions as well as the different types of minerals and how scientists use physical properties to identify them.

How are Mountains Formed? - Lesson for Kids

34. How are Mountains Formed? - Lesson for Kids

Did you ever wonder how mountains are formed? As it turns out, Earth's crust is made up of over 50 plates (not the kind we eat off of) that push and pull away from each other at about 1 inch per year. That pushing and pulling of those plates is the basis for how mountains are formed.

Crystal Formation Lesson for Kids

35. Crystal Formation Lesson for Kids

Crystals are all around us, but we just might not know where to look. Come and learn about what crystals are, how they are formed, and natural and man-made examples of this amazing substance.

Glacier Facts: Lesson for Kids

36. Glacier Facts: Lesson for Kids

From Glacier National Park in Montana to the large ice sheets of the Arctic, glaciers abound throughout the Earth. These giant ice sheets have been around for thousands of years. Find out more about the types, sizes, and formations of glaciers.

Ice Age Lesson for Kids: History & Facts

37. Ice Age Lesson for Kids: History & Facts

Imagine living at a time when giant mammals roamed the earth. Sloths were as tall as houses, and armadillos were as big as a small car! Read on to learn more about what life was like during the Ice Age.

Iceberg Facts: Lesson for Kids

38. Iceberg Facts: Lesson for Kids

Icebergs are floating chunks of ice that are mainly found in the North Atlantic Ocean and the seas around Antarctica. Icebergs can be dangerous to ships and come in many sizes.

Outer Core Facts: Lesson for Kids

39. Outer Core Facts: Lesson for Kids

Earth is divided into three main parts: the crust, the mantle, and the core. But did you know that the core is actually made of two different layers? In this lesson, we will talk about the outer core of Earth.

Underwater Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

40. Underwater Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

There's something brewing under the water! The ocean floor is a huge area dotted with many underwater volcanoes. Learn about underwater volcanoes and how they change the shape of our world.

Cave Facts: Lesson for Kids

41. Cave Facts: Lesson for Kids

Caves are fascinating forms of rock found in nature. In this lesson, learn about how caves are formed, how they were used by ancient humans, and animals that live in caves!

Cinder Cone Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

42. Cinder Cone Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

This lesson will teach you about cinder cone volcanoes, and what sets them apart from other types of volcanoes. You will learn how they form, and will also learn about some well-known cinder cones.

Coal Lesson for Kids: Facts & Formation

43. Coal Lesson for Kids: Facts & Formation

Coal is a black rock that can be used to generate electricity. This lesson will teach you how coal is formed, where it's found, and how we use it to power our lives!

Crystals Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

44. Crystals Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

Crystals are not just diamonds, but unique formations of stacked atoms. Many crystals are made of minerals, but there are other types of materials that also make crystals. In this lesson, you will learn about what a crystal is, the types of shapes, and how they are formed.

Diamond Facts: Lesson for Kids

45. Diamond Facts: Lesson for Kids

Today, thousands of diamonds are given as special gifts to people's loved ones. Learn about how diamonds are formed, where they are found, their role in history and some harmful effects of diamond mining.

Gold Lesson for Kids: Facts & Properties

46. Gold Lesson for Kids: Facts & Properties

Gold is a shiny metal that people wear as jewelry, but it's also good for many other things. Come learn about gold, its properties, what it is used for aside from jewelry, and some other cool facts about this expensive metal.

Gold Mining Facts: Lesson for Kids

47. Gold Mining Facts: Lesson for Kids

Have you ever held or worn gold jewelry? A gold watch, necklace, or bracelet can be quite expensive. This is because gold is a difficult mineral to find in nature. In this lesson, we will explore the different ways gold is mined.

Kilauea Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

48. Kilauea Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

The Kilauea volcano is the most active volcano in the world. I can't imagine what it would be like to live near it! In this lesson you will learn more about where it is and the facts and history surrounding this amazing landform.

Metamorphic Rock Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

49. Metamorphic Rock Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

Rocks are everywhere! You see them every day in lots of different places, but did you know that there are three types of rocks? This lesson will teach you all about metamorphic rocks and how they are formed.

Mineral Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

50. Mineral Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

Minerals come in all forms and are found all over the world. In this lesson, learn the definition of a mineral, explore mineral properties and discover how geologists measure and study these properties.

1906 San Francisco Earthquake Facts: Lesson for Kids

51. 1906 San Francisco Earthquake Facts: Lesson for Kids

About one minute was all it took took to rock San Francisco to its core. Let's explore the San Francisco earthquake of 1906, how it felt, and how the city recovered and revived itself in the aftermath.

Sand Dollar Facts: Lesson for Kids

52. Sand Dollar Facts: Lesson for Kids

Sand dollars are fascinating creatures that live on the ocean floor. Learn about their characteristics, habitat, and diet, and find out why people tell stories about these amazing animals!

Shield Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

53. Shield Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

You've probably seen a picture of a tall, explosive volcano, but you might mistake this volcano for a low mountain. A shield volcano has long, gently sloping sides and a lava flow that spills, instead of explodes.

Old Faithful Facts: Lesson for Kids

54. Old Faithful Facts: Lesson for Kids

Old Faithful is one of the most famous geysers in the country. In this lesson, learn the definition of a geyser, where Old Faithful is located, and what happens when this geyser erupts.

Climbing Mount Everest: Lesson for Kids

55. Climbing Mount Everest: Lesson for Kids

How incredible would it be to climb Mount Everest? It is certainly not for the weak! Come and learn about what it would be like, some people who have done it before and some tips in case you choose to make the climb.

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