About This Chapter
Gross Anatomy of Muscular System - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Your body is comprised of various muscles, and each serves a specific function. Understanding how each muscle functions can help you to understand more about the overall process of body movement. Discover how muscles in various parts of the body support that body part and allow it to move properly. In these lessons, you'll discover more about muscles in the head, neck, vertebral column, arms and legs. Some of the things you will study include:
- The three classes of muscle levers
- How types of muscular contraction is determined
- Muscles that support the head
- How muscles help the arm move
- Anatomy of the leg muscles.
|How Muscle Levers Affect Muscle Efficiency||Discover muscle levers and their role in the function of muscles.|
|Muscle Origin and Insertion: Definition and Actions||Find out how muscle origin and insertion determine the type of muscular contraction.|
|Muscles of the Head and Neck: Anatomy, Motion & Support||Examine how muscles support and aid in movement of the head and neck.|
|Muscles of the Vertebral Column: Support & Movement||Explore the way the trunk is supported and how it moves.|
|Abdominal Muscles: Anatomy & Functions||Study the movement and anatomy of abdominal muscles.|
|Shoulder Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement||Analyze the function of shoulder muscles.|
|Arm Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement||Learn more about the muscles that cause movement of the arm.|
|Forearm Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement||Discover the muscles of the forearm.|
|Hip Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement||Find out how the hip muscles function.|
|Thigh Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement||Explore the muscles that support and move the thigh.|
|Leg Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement||Examine how muscles in the legs function.|
1. How Muscle Levers Affect Muscle Efficiency
Muscular contraction creates force to move the weight of our body and body parts. This lesson describes the three lever systems utilized by our body to create movement. The efficiency of each lever type in terms of strength, speed and distance are identified along with examples.
2. How Muscular Contraction Causes Articulation: Definition & Types
Skeletal muscle contraction causes all types of movement. Movement at our joints is referred to as articulation. All articulation is described in reference to the anatomical position, and most articulations are identified in opposite pairs. This lesson identifies and describes the major articulations of the human body.
3. Muscle Origin and Insertion: Definition and Actions
Did you know that groups of muscles are needed for various body movements? Skeletal muscles attached to bone are responsible for movement and support. Muscles work in groups to produce a particular movement. This lesson describes how muscle origins and insertions dictate the type of movement that occurs when a muscle contracts.
4. Muscles of the Head and Neck: Anatomy, Motion & Support
The muscles of the head and neck are responsible for a variety of movements, including facial expression, mastication, and eye movement, in addition to moving the head. This lesson identifies and describes the major muscles of the head and neck along with their general action.
5. Muscles of the Vertebral Column: Support & Movement
Did you know that lower back pain can be caused by injury to muscles attached to the vertebral column? This lesson identifies and describes the major erector spinae muscles responsible for erect posture and movement.
6. Axial Muscles: Trunk Muscles Anatomy & Support
The trunk, or torso, of the human body contains several important muscle groups that aid in breathing and provide support to other parts of our anatomy. This lesson explores the location and function of the major axial muscles.
7. Shoulder Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement
The shoulder contains muscles that not only stabilize the shoulder but also move the arm. This lesson identifies and describes the muscles responsible for shoulder positioning, adduction, abduction, flexion, extension and shoulder rotation.
8. Arm Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement
Did you know that push-ups require contraction of the triceps brachii? The muscles that move the forearm can be categorized based on general action. This lesson identifies the major forearm flexors, extensors, supinators and pronators.
9. Forearm Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement
Did you know the muscles that move the hand, fingers and thumb are located in the forearm? This lesson identifies and describes the major muscles that flex and extend the wrist, fingers and thumb.
10. Hip Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement
Did you know the gluteal muscles of the buttocks are among the strongest in the body? These muscles, along with other muscles, originate from the pelvic girdle and insert on the femur, producing movement of the thigh.
11. Thigh Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement
Did you know the thigh is the part of the lower appendage proximal to the knee? The muscles of the thigh move the leg at the knee. This lesson will identify the major muscles involved in flexion and extension of the leg at the knee, including the hamstrings and quadriceps femoris groups.
12. Leg Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement
The larger muscles that move the foot and toes are located in the leg, while smaller muscles are located in the foot. This lesson describes the major muscles responsible for the various movements of the foot at the ankle and the toes.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Biology 105: Anatomy & Physiology course
- Overview of Anatomy and Cell Biology
- Human Respiratory System
- Cardiovascular System
- Blood Vessels
- Digestive System
- Urinary System
- The Endocrine System
- The Brain
- The Nervous System at the Cellular Level
- The Five Senses
- Muscle Physiology
- Connective Tissue
- Skeletal System
- Male and Female Reproductive Systems
- Studying for Biology 105