About This Chapter
Informational Text and Analysis - Chapter Summary
See how to analyze written non-fiction through this series of engaging video lessons. Using historical documents as examples, our expert instructors will show you techniques for understanding reading materials. The videos in this chapter explore:
- Definition of non-fiction
- Structure in writing
- Rhetorical strategies in historical documents
- The Preamble to the Constitution
- The Gettysburg Address
- Letter from Birmingham Jail
- Thoreau's Civil Disobedience
These lessons will guide you in many aspects of analyzing a text's purpose and seeing how structure impacts meaning. You can gauge what you've learned through quizzes at the end of each lesson and return to areas you want to review using the jump feature in the timeline. Watch these lessons from any location using your mobile device and study when it's convenient for you.
1. Non-Fiction as Literary Form: Definition and Examples
Although non-fiction might seem fairly straightforward, there are quite a few different genres within non-fiction that are easy to confuse. With this in mind, we'll consider the similarities and differences between biographies, autobiographies and memoirs, essays, and journalism.
2. How to Analyze the Purpose of a Text
In this lesson, we will learn how to analyze the purpose of a text. We will explore some of the primary purposes and practice determining purpose using some writing samples.
3. What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?
In this lesson, we will define the role of structure in literature. From there, we will look at the different ways to structure fiction and how it affects the meaning.
4. How to Determine the Text Structure of a Passage Using Transitions
Text structures are identifiable patterns in the organization of text in a written work. This lesson will discuss the use of transitions to determine text structure. We will end with a very short quiz to see what you have learned.
5. Analyzing Sequence of Events in an Informational Text
In this lesson, you will learn how to identify the different types of sequencing of events from non-fiction, informational text. You will learn how to use context clues and make inferences about the ordering of events in a text.
6. How to Analyze Graphic Information Inside a Text
In this lesson, we explore graphic information in texts. We will take a look at the types of graphics often seen in nonfiction, learn how to analyze them, and see how they contribute to the texts' information.
7. Famous Historical Documents: Themes & Rhetorical Strategies
In this lesson, we will examine foundational documents in American history. We will identify the importance of these documents, and analyze their place in American history.
8. The Preamble to the Constitution: Definition, Summary, Purpose & Examples
They may be the most famous 52 words in American history. Written almost as an afterthought, the Preamble to the U.S. Constitution has come to represent everything Americans think a government ought to do and ought to be.
9. Gettysburg Address: Summary & Analysis
This lesson discusses the Gettysburg Address, one of the most famous speeches in American history. Learn more about what Abraham Lincoln's speech means and test your knowledge with a quiz.
10. Letter from Birmingham Jail: Summary & Analysis
Martin Luther King, Jr. takes on and beats nine tough criticisms in his 'Letter from Birmingham Jail.' Discover the hidden structure and radical rhetorical power of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s most widely-read text.
11. Henry David Thoreau's Civil Disobedience: Summary and Analysis
Henry David Thoreau wrote the essay Civil Disobedience to show his opposition to slavery and American imperialism. His essay has influenced many prominent civil rights activists, including Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
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Other chapters within the TASC Reading: Prep and Practice course
- Analyzing & Interpreting Literature
- Literary Elements
- Analyzing Informational Texts Practice
- Word Choice & Tone in Writing
- Rhetorical Devices in Literature
- Argumentative Writing
- American Literature: Examples & Analysis
- Analyzing Dramatic Literature
- American Drama: Examples & Analysis
- British Plays: Examples & Analysis