About This Chapter
Who's it for?
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- Have fallen behind in understanding categories of crime or criminology.
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How it works:
- Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
- Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Introduction to Crime and Criminology chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Crime and Criminology chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- How has the study of criminology evolved in a historical context?
- What basic features and legal aspects are associated with crime?
- How are crimes categorized?
- What criminal trends have taken place in the United States over time?
- How do demographics influence crime?
- What is the relationship between crimes and their corresponding punishments?
1. Criminology: Overview & History of the Field
Learn about what constitutes criminology. Review the four perspectives of criminology and work a case yourself. Then, examine the history of crime as it relates to the field of criminology.
2. Crime: Definition & Types
Watch this video to explore the different types of crime. You'll learn about felonies, misdemeanors and violations. You'll also review various views on crime, as well as examine personal and property crimes.
3. General Categories of Crime
Watch this video to explore the different categories of crime. You'll learn about felonies, misdemeanors, offenses, treason, espionage, and inchoate offenses.
4. Crime: Legal Characteristics & General Features
Learn about the legal characteristics of crime. Find out what constitutes the actus reus, mens rea, and concurrence of a crime. Examine other general features of crime.
5. History & Trends of Crime in the United States
United States crime trends have fluctuated throughout history. This lesson takes a brief look at the history of crime in the U.S., crime rates over time and current trends.
6. Crime Measurement Programs: History & Nature
Watch this lesson to learn about how crime is measured in the United States. Examine the two main sources of criminal statistics and discover what each source of information can reveal.
7. How Demographics Contribute to Crime
This lesson examines how demographics can tell us about crime. Review how social class relates to crime. In addition, examine how age, gender, and race are related to crime.
8. The Relationship Between Crime & Punishment
The criminal law sets out both crimes and punishments, which are designed to align with each other. This lesson defines criminal punishment, explains punishment theories and explores the relationship between crime and punishment.
9. Cesare Beccaria's 'On Crimes and Punishments' and the Rise of Utilitarianism
Cesare Beccaria wrote 'On Crimes and Punishments' in the 18th century. It called for criminal justice reform and influenced the U.S. criminal justice system. This lesson explores 'On Crimes and Punishments' and the resulting rise of utilitarianism.
10. The Elements of a Crime: Definition & Overview
The elements of a crime refer to the facts that must be established in order to prove criminal liability. This lesson discusses the four common elements of a crime and provides some examples of each.
11. Corporal Punishment: History & Effects
In this lesson, we will discuss the definition and history of corporal punishment, the methods of corporal punishment that may be employed, locations and applications of its current use, and the effects of its use.
12. Indecent Exposure: Laws & Definition
In this lesson, we will learn what constitutes the crime of indecent exposure. We will take a look at the laws that govern this crime and examine the legal definition of indecent exposure. Upon completion of this lesson, you will have a thorough understanding of the crime of indecent exposure.
13. Ad Hoc Balancing Theory: Definition & Examples
In this lesson you will be introduced to the concept of ad hoc balancing as it relates to the law and constitutional rights. You'll be provided with examples of the theory. Then you can test your knowledge with a quiz.
14. Writ of Mandamus: Definition & Example
What is a writ of mandamus? This complicated-sounding legal term is actually pretty simple. You'll get an explanation and some examples in this lesson.
15. Writs of Assistance: Definition & Summary
One of the most basic ideas in the United States is that ~'a man's home is his castle.~' Read on to see how that idea became part of American society with the Writs of Assistance.
16. What Is Due Process in Crime Control? - Definition & Guarantees
Due process refers to the means, guaranteed by the Constitution, for insuring that the government provides justice to its citizens in all legal proceedings. Learn more about due process in crime control and test your knowledge with a quiz.
17. Pluralistic Society: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will learn about pluralism and how this concept helps us understand society. We will define the concept and then explore some examples.
18. English Common Law System: Definition & History
The English common law system is the foundation of several systems of law throughout the world. In this lesson you will learn the history and definition of the English common law system.
19. What is a Civil Court? - Definition & Characteristics
In this lesson, we'll learn about the civil court system in the United States. You'll be able to define civil courts and understand difference s between civil and criminal courts.
20. Algor Mortis: Definition & Causes
Algor mortis is one of three stages a body goes through after death that helps medical examiners determine time of death. This lesson discusses the definition and process.
21. Livor Mortis: Definition & Significance
There are several stages in the decomposition of a dead body. Each stage helps medical examiners to assess the time of death. This lesson discusses the meaning of livor mortis and why knowing about it is important.
22. What is Social Welfare? - Definition & Services
In this lesson, we will discuss social welfare policies that are implemented in the United States to provide support to individuals in need. We will contrast distributive and redistributive policies, using the examples of welfare and Social Security.
23. Xenophobia: Definition & Examples
In present day we hear a lot about people being xenophobic, but what exactly does that mean? This lesson will discuss xenophobia, its symptoms, and some examples.
24. Misogyny: Definition & Examples
Misogyny is not sexism. Instead, it is a fear or hatred of women that can resemble sexism. This lesson discusses what misogyny actually is and provides examples of this behavior.
25. What is Civil Unrest? - Definition & Preparedness
In current times, incidents that provoke civil unrest are becoming more widespread. This lesson will define civil unrest and list issues that should be considered in civil unrest emergency response preparedness plans.
26. Actual Malice: Definition & Test
After you finish this lesson, you will understand the actual malice test. In addition, you will review when the test applies and how the test impacts court determinations.
27. Actus Reus: Definition & Examples
Once you complete this lesson, you will have a thorough understanding of what constitutes actus reus. You will also review the definition as well as review several examples.
28. Anomie: Definition, Theory & Examples
Learn what constitutes the concept of anomie. You will review anomie theory and examine several examples. Upon completion, you will have a thorough understanding of what constitutes anomie theory in criminal justice.
29. Cesare Lombroso: Biography, Theory & Criminology
Learn who Cesare Lombroso was and what contributions he made to criminology. In addition, explore Lombroso's criminology theories and positivist criminology.
30. Jeremy Bentham: Biography, Theory & Ethics
Learn who Jeremy Bentham was and what he contributed to the field of criminology. Review Bentham's biography, analyze his classical theory of utilitarianism and examine his contribution to prison design.
31. Natural Law Theory: Definition, Ethics & Examples
Natural law theory is a legal theory that recognizes the connection between the law and human morality. This lesson explores some of the principles of the natural law theory, as well as provides examples of ethical scenarios and how natural law theory would attempt to resolve those dilemmas.
32. Schedule of Drugs: Classification & Examples
The Schedule of Drugs was created so different law enforcement agencies understand the risks of the drugs. This lesson will discuss the Schedule of Drugs, classifications of drugs, and provide examples for each classification.
33. What Is Culture Conflict? - Definition, Theory & Example
Review the social structure theory known as culture conflict theory in this lesson. Learn the definition of the theory and go over the two major types of culture conflict. Then, examine several examples to gain a thorough understanding.
34. What is Forensic Science? - Definition, History & Types
The popularity of forensic science has increased in recent years. Television shows such as ''Bones'', ''CSI'', ''Law & Order'', and ''Hawaii Five-0'' have highlighted the use of science to investigate and solve a variety of crimes. This lesson will define forensic science and explore the history of this essential investigative field.
35. What are Zero Tolerance Laws & Policies? - Definition
In this lesson we will define what zero tolerance policies mean in the legal and education systems, the workplace, and prison systems. We will also discuss the criticisms that have mounted over time regarding the use of these policies.
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Other chapters within the Intro to Criminal Justice: Help and Review course
- Theories of Crime: Help and Review
- Types of Crime: Help and Review
- The Criminal Justice Field: Help and Review
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S.: Help and Review
- Law Enforcement in the U.S.: Help and Review
- The Role of the Police Department: Help and Review
- The U.S. Court System: Help and Review
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.: Help and Review
- Criminal Law in the U.S.: Help and Review
- The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System: Help and Review
- The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice: Help and Review
- Corrections & Correctional Institutions: Help and Review
- The Juvenile Justice System: Help and Review