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Ch 1: Introduction to Crime & Criminology: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Introduction to Crime and Criminology chapter of this Intro to Criminal Justice Help and Review course is the simplest way to master an understanding of crime and criminology. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of crime and criminology.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help understanding introductory criminal justice material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn better grades. You're in the right place if you:

  • Have fallen behind in understanding categories of crime or criminology.
  • Need an efficient way to learn about introductory crime and criminology.
  • Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools.
  • Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD.
  • Experience difficulty understanding your teachers.
  • Missed class time and need to catch up.
  • Can't access extra criminal justice resources at school.

How it works:

  • Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
  • Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Introduction to Crime and Criminology chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Crime and Criminology chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:

  • How has the study of criminology evolved in a historical context?
  • What basic features and legal aspects are associated with crime?
  • How are crimes categorized?
  • What criminal trends have taken place in the United States over time?
  • How do demographics influence crime?
  • What is the relationship between crimes and their corresponding punishments?

35 Lessons in Chapter 1: Introduction to Crime & Criminology: Help and Review
Criminology: Overview & History of the Field

1. Criminology: Overview & History of the Field

Learn about what constitutes criminology. Review the four perspectives of criminology and work a case yourself. Then, examine the history of crime as it relates to the field of criminology.

Crime: Definition & Types

2. Crime: Definition & Types

Watch this video to explore the different types of crime. You'll learn about felonies, misdemeanors and violations. You'll also review various views on crime, as well as examine personal and property crimes.

General Categories of Crime

3. General Categories of Crime

Watch this video to explore the different categories of crime. You'll learn about felonies, misdemeanors, offenses, treason, espionage, and inchoate offenses.

Crime: Legal Characteristics & General Features

4. Crime: Legal Characteristics & General Features

Learn about the legal characteristics of crime. Find out what constitutes the actus reus, mens rea, and concurrence of a crime. Examine other general features of crime.

History & Trends of Crime in the United States

5. History & Trends of Crime in the United States

United States crime trends have fluctuated throughout history. This lesson takes a brief look at the history of crime in the U.S., crime rates over time and current trends.

Crime Measurement Programs: History & Nature

6. Crime Measurement Programs: History & Nature

Watch this lesson to learn about how crime is measured in the United States. Examine the two main sources of criminal statistics and discover what each source of information can reveal.

How Demographics Contribute to Crime

7. How Demographics Contribute to Crime

This lesson examines how demographics can tell us about crime. Review how social class relates to crime. In addition, examine how age, gender, and race are related to crime.

The Relationship Between Crime & Punishment

8. The Relationship Between Crime & Punishment

The criminal law sets out both crimes and punishments, which are designed to align with each other. This lesson defines criminal punishment, explains punishment theories and explores the relationship between crime and punishment.

Cesare Beccaria's 'On Crimes and Punishments' and the Rise of Utilitarianism

9. Cesare Beccaria's 'On Crimes and Punishments' and the Rise of Utilitarianism

Cesare Beccaria wrote 'On Crimes and Punishments' in the 18th century. It called for criminal justice reform and influenced the U.S. criminal justice system. This lesson explores 'On Crimes and Punishments' and the resulting rise of utilitarianism.

The Elements of a Crime: Definition & Overview

10. The Elements of a Crime: Definition & Overview

The elements of a crime refer to the facts that must be established in order to prove criminal liability. This lesson discusses the four common elements of a crime and provides some examples of each.

Corporal Punishment: History & Effects

11. Corporal Punishment: History & Effects

In this lesson, we will discuss the definition and history of corporal punishment, the methods of corporal punishment that may be employed, locations and applications of its current use, and the effects of its use.

Indecent Exposure: Laws & Definition

12. Indecent Exposure: Laws & Definition

In this lesson, we will learn what constitutes the crime of indecent exposure. We will take a look at the laws that govern this crime and examine the legal definition of indecent exposure. Upon completion of this lesson, you will have a thorough understanding of the crime of indecent exposure.

Ad Hoc Balancing Theory: Definition & Examples

13. Ad Hoc Balancing Theory: Definition & Examples

In this lesson you will be introduced to the concept of ad hoc balancing as it relates to the law and constitutional rights. You'll be provided with examples of the theory. Then you can test your knowledge with a quiz.

Writ of Mandamus: Definition & Example

14. Writ of Mandamus: Definition & Example

What is a writ of mandamus? This complicated-sounding legal term is actually pretty simple. You'll get an explanation and some examples in this lesson.

Writs of Assistance: Definition & Summary

15. Writs of Assistance: Definition & Summary

One of the most basic ideas in the United States is that ~'a man's home is his castle.~' Read on to see how that idea became part of American society with the Writs of Assistance.

What Is Due Process in Crime Control? - Definition & Guarantees

16. What Is Due Process in Crime Control? - Definition & Guarantees

Due process refers to the means, guaranteed by the Constitution, for insuring that the government provides justice to its citizens in all legal proceedings. Learn more about due process in crime control and test your knowledge with a quiz.

Pluralistic Society: Definition & Examples

17. Pluralistic Society: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we will learn about pluralism and how this concept helps us understand society. We will define the concept and then explore some examples.

English Common Law System: Definition & History

18. English Common Law System: Definition & History

The English common law system is the foundation of several systems of law throughout the world. In this lesson you will learn the history and definition of the English common law system.

What is a Civil Court? - Definition & Characteristics

19. What is a Civil Court? - Definition & Characteristics

In this lesson, we'll learn about the civil court system in the United States. You'll be able to define civil courts and understand difference s between civil and criminal courts.

Algor Mortis: Definition & Causes

20. Algor Mortis: Definition & Causes

Algor mortis is one of three stages a body goes through after death that helps medical examiners determine time of death. This lesson discusses the definition and process.

Livor Mortis: Definition & Significance

21. Livor Mortis: Definition & Significance

There are several stages in the decomposition of a dead body. Each stage helps medical examiners to assess the time of death. This lesson discusses the meaning of livor mortis and why knowing about it is important.

What is Social Welfare? - Definition & Services

22. What is Social Welfare? - Definition & Services

In this lesson, we will discuss social welfare policies that are implemented in the United States to provide support to individuals in need. We will contrast distributive and redistributive policies, using the examples of welfare and Social Security.

Xenophobia: Definition & Examples

23. Xenophobia: Definition & Examples

In present day we hear a lot about people being xenophobic, but what exactly does that mean? This lesson will discuss xenophobia, its symptoms, and some examples.

Misogyny: Definition & Examples

24. Misogyny: Definition & Examples

Misogyny is not sexism. Instead, it is a fear or hatred of women that can resemble sexism. This lesson discusses what misogyny actually is and provides examples of this behavior.

What is Civil Unrest? - Definition & Preparedness

25. What is Civil Unrest? - Definition & Preparedness

In current times, incidents that provoke civil unrest are becoming more widespread. This lesson will define civil unrest and list issues that should be considered in civil unrest emergency response preparedness plans.

Actual Malice: Definition & Test

26. Actual Malice: Definition & Test

After you finish this lesson, you will understand the actual malice test. In addition, you will review when the test applies and how the test impacts court determinations.

Actus Reus: Definition & Examples

27. Actus Reus: Definition & Examples

Once you complete this lesson, you will have a thorough understanding of what constitutes actus reus. You will also review the definition as well as review several examples.

Anomie: Definition, Theory & Examples

28. Anomie: Definition, Theory & Examples

Learn what constitutes the concept of anomie. You will review anomie theory and examine several examples. Upon completion, you will have a thorough understanding of what constitutes anomie theory in criminal justice.

Cesare Lombroso: Biography, Theory & Criminology

29. Cesare Lombroso: Biography, Theory & Criminology

Learn who Cesare Lombroso was and what contributions he made to criminology. In addition, explore Lombroso's criminology theories and positivist criminology.

Jeremy Bentham: Biography, Theory & Ethics

30. Jeremy Bentham: Biography, Theory & Ethics

Learn who Jeremy Bentham was and what he contributed to the field of criminology. Review Bentham's biography, analyze his classical theory of utilitarianism and examine his contribution to prison design.

Natural Law Theory: Definition, Ethics & Examples

31. Natural Law Theory: Definition, Ethics & Examples

Natural law theory is a legal theory that recognizes the connection between the law and human morality. This lesson explores some of the principles of the natural law theory, as well as provides examples of ethical scenarios and how natural law theory would attempt to resolve those dilemmas.

Schedule of Drugs: Classification & Examples

32. Schedule of Drugs: Classification & Examples

The Schedule of Drugs was created so different law enforcement agencies understand the risks of the drugs. This lesson will discuss the Schedule of Drugs, classifications of drugs, and provide examples for each classification.

What Is Culture Conflict? - Definition, Theory & Example

33. What Is Culture Conflict? - Definition, Theory & Example

Review the social structure theory known as culture conflict theory in this lesson. Learn the definition of the theory and go over the two major types of culture conflict. Then, examine several examples to gain a thorough understanding.

What is Forensic Science? - Definition, History & Types

34. What is Forensic Science? - Definition, History & Types

The popularity of forensic science has increased in recent years. Television shows such as ''Bones'', ''CSI'', ''Law & Order'', and ''Hawaii Five-0'' have highlighted the use of science to investigate and solve a variety of crimes. This lesson will define forensic science and explore the history of this essential investigative field.

What are Zero Tolerance Laws & Policies? - Definition

35. What are Zero Tolerance Laws & Policies? - Definition

In this lesson we will define what zero tolerance policies mean in the legal and education systems, the workplace, and prison systems. We will also discuss the criticisms that have mounted over time regarding the use of these policies.

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