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Ch 1: Introduction to Research Methods

About This Chapter

Watch psychology video lessons, and take the quizzes that follow each lesson to gauge your progress. In this chapter, you can learn about research methods, including how they are used, concerns when researching and producing high quality results.

Introduction to Research Methods - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Research is a much needed process in order to make discoveries and learn new things. That is why research in psychology is important. However, it is often a challenge to ensure that research is usable and unbiased. That is why there are special procedures followed in psychological research. If research is done in a careless manner, the results may be tainted and easily dismissed or disqualified. In this chapter, you will learn about research methods and how research is done to ensure the results are acceptable. Some of the things that you will learn in these lessons include:

  • The purpose of research
  • What makes research high quality
  • The definition of the scientific method
  • Tools used in psychological research
  • Types of research methodologies
  • The difference between basic and applied research

VideoObjective
What is Research? - Definition, Purpose & Typical Researchers Find out what research is and the purpose of it.
How to Produce High-Quality Research Study the different characteristics of high quality research.
Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences Learn about the differences in nonscientific and scientific research.
What Is the Scientific Method? - Definition, Characteristics & Steps Take a look at the characteristics of the scientific method.
Applying the Scientific Model to the Decision-Making Process See how the scientific method is applied to the decision-making process.
Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation Examine the tools of psychological science.
Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages Explore the difference between non-experimental and experimental research.
Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method Study the difference between quantitative, qualitative and mixed method studies.
Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences Learn about the difference between basic research and applied research.
Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory Find out the three reasons why social research is usually conducted.

10 Lessons in Chapter 1: Introduction to Research Methods
What is Research? - Definition, Purpose & Typical Researchers

1. What is Research? - Definition, Purpose & Typical Researchers

Psychological research helps to shape our society - from the way we raise our children to the way we treat our criminals and military enemies. But what is research and who conducts it? This lesson explores the purposes of research in psychology and the individuals who observe, record, and alter our behavior.

How to Produce High-Quality Research

2. How to Produce High-Quality Research

Psychology is a science that requires high quality research due to the inherent complexity of human thoughts, behaviors and emotions. One way to go about producing high quality research is to follow certain guidelines that all true sciences follow.

Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences

3. Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences

Explore the way people 'know' information without using a scientific methodology. Have you ever fallen for nonscientific research and then presented it as fact?

What Is the Scientific Method in Psychology? - Definition, Characteristics & Steps

4. What Is the Scientific Method in Psychology? - Definition, Characteristics & Steps

How might someone apply the scientific method to psychological research? We will review the steps of the scientific method and how they applied to one of the most famous psychological studies ever conducted.

Applying the Scientific Model to the Decision-Making Process

5. Applying the Scientific Model to the Decision-Making Process

You've conducted the research and compiled it all together. Now what? What good is 300 pages of research if it is too complex to convey? You can turn it into a model and teach others, but be wary of the pitfalls.

Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation

6. Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation

What are the primary ways a psychologist goes about conducting research? In this lesson, we will look at the three main ways a researcher can go about learning something, as well as some of the more famous psychological research that has used these techniques.

Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages

7. Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages

How is a non-experimental design scientific? We will look at what it means to use experimental and non-experimental designs in the course of psychological research. We will also look at some classic examples of different types of research.

Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method

8. Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method

While there are many ways to conduct an experiment in psychology, there are only so many ways you can describe it. In this lesson, we will discuss the differences, strengths, and weaknesses of the qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods.

Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences

9. Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences

In this lesson, we look at the difference between basic and applied psychological research and discover why there is a separation. Through examples, we'll answer the questions, 'What is the purpose of research if it doesn't apply to the real world?' and 'How are the two interrelated?'

Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory

10. Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory

There is a parallel between how people come to understand something and the process of researching an idea. This lesson explores the purposes of research as well as three approaches to research in psychology: exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory.

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