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Ch 31: Latin American History

About This Chapter

Learn all about Latin American history through the fun and engaging video lessons in this chapter. See the key events and revolutions that shaped this region and study its politics and economic changes.

Latin American History - Chapter Summary

Follow along as our subject experts introduce you to the geography of Latin America, its population and culture. These videos cover the Mexican Revolution and Falklands War, Cold War events in the region and the different civil wars and revolutions that have taken place in the area since its origin. You'll learn about key figures and groups, such as Augusto Pinochet, the Sandinistas and the PRI party. This chapter will introduce you to some reasons for the migration of Latin Americans into the U.S. as well as democratic reforms in Brazil, the effects of NAFTA and military rule. Once you've watched all the videos in this chapter, you'll be familiar with:

  • European exploration and colonization of Latin America
  • Events and aftermath of the Mexican Revolution
  • Argentina versus England in the Falklands War
  • Guatemalan Civil War consequences
  • Nicaraguan and Cuban Revolutions and their effects
  • Reasons for North American integration
  • Goals of the organization of American states
  • Post-war politics in Latin America

Our lessons feature quick and fun videos that make learning about Latin American history fun and easy. You can reference key terms using the lesson transcripts that come with each video and go back and re-watch the videos as often as you need to make sure you understand the material. After each lesson, you'll find a self-assessment quiz you can use to check your knowledge of the history of Latin America.

17 Lessons in Chapter 31: Latin American History
Physical & Human Geography of Latin America

1. Physical & Human Geography of Latin America

Latin America is a big place, but what really defines it? In this lesson, we'll talk about human and physical geography of Latin America and see what defines this unique region.

European Exploration & Colonization in Latin America

2. European Exploration & Colonization in Latin America

Starting in 1492, the arrival of Europeans in present-day Latin America irrevocably changed the region's history. This lesson examines the impact of European colonization, technology, and disease on the region.

The Mexican Revolution: Causes & Initial Events

3. The Mexican Revolution: Causes & Initial Events

The Mexican Revolution started in response to the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz. In this video, we look at the causes of the Revolution, and then explore the initial events that led to the removal of Diaz.

The Mexican Revolution: Aftermath & Effects

4. The Mexican Revolution: Aftermath & Effects

In this video, we examine the civil war that broke out in Mexico after Porfirio Diaz was removed from power as the various parties competed with each other for power. A quiz will follow.

Causes of the Falklands War: Argentina vs. England

5. Causes of the Falklands War: Argentina vs. England

In this lesson, we will learn about the historical background of the Falkland Islands War, the timeline of events of the war, and the consequences of the war for Argentina.

Single-Party Rule in Mexico and the Fall of the PRI

6. Single-Party Rule in Mexico and the Fall of the PRI

This lesson will trace the rise and fall of Mexico's PRI party. In doing so, it will highlight its dominance, the presidency of Cardenas, and the political corruption under Portillo.

Events in Latin America During the Cold War

7. Events in Latin America During the Cold War

This lesson will discuss Latin America and the Cold War. It will highlight Guatemala, Nicaragua, Cuba. It will also discuss the tensions between the US and the former Soviet Union.

The Chilean Revolution & Augusto Pinochet

8. The Chilean Revolution & Augusto Pinochet

In this video, we learn about the circumstances under which Salvador Allende, South America's first democratically elected president, was removed from power in a military coup d'etat. We also learn about the role of the United States in the removal of Allende and the rise of a military dictator Augusto Pinochet in Chile.

Causes & Consequences of the Guatemalan Civil War

9. Causes & Consequences of the Guatemalan Civil War

This lesson will explore the events of the Guatemalan Civil War. In doing this, it will highlight the Mayan population as well as the many military figures that ruled Guatemala during this 36-year conflict.

The Nicaraguan Revolution: The Somoza Regime & Sandinistas

10. The Nicaraguan Revolution: The Somoza Regime & Sandinistas

This lesson will explain the events of the Nicaraguan Revolution. In doing so, it will highlight U.S. involvement as well as the brutality and violence of the Somoza regime and the Sandinista rebels.

The Cuban Revolution: Causes & Effects

11. The Cuban Revolution: Causes & Effects

This lesson will detail the events of the Cuban Revolution. In doing so, it will highlight the reign of Batista, guerrilla tactics, Castro's promises of freedom, and his eventual alliance with communism.

NAFTA & North American Integration: Reasons & Effects

12. NAFTA & North American Integration: Reasons & Effects

This lesson will explore the North American integration that occurred through NAFTA. In doing this, it will define tariffs, while also discussing the arguments for and against this famous agreement.

Social & Economic Changes in Latin America: 1900-1950

13. Social & Economic Changes in Latin America: 1900-1950

This lesson explores Latin America during the first half of the 20th century. It highlights the economic strains linked to World War I. It also discusses U.S. involvement in the region.

Military Rule & Democratic Reform in Brazil

14. Military Rule & Democratic Reform in Brazil

This lesson will track the political events of Brazil from the 1950s to the 1980s. It will focus on the conflict between reform and military rule, while also defining the Abertura Process.

Causes of Latin American Migration to the United States

15. Causes of Latin American Migration to the United States

This video examines the causes of Latin American migration to the United States. In particular, we look at 5 theories of Latin American migration and highlight them with examples of different kinds of Latin American migration.

Organization of American States: History & Goals

16. Organization of American States: History & Goals

Today's lesson will focus on the Organization of American States' (OAS) past and present. The lesson will highlight the OAS's ties to the Cold War, as well as its pursuit of economic prosperity for those living in the Western Hemisphere.

Post-war Latin American Politics

17. Post-war Latin American Politics

This lesson explores the political events occurring in post-World War II Latin America. We highlight the impact of the Cold War and American intervention.

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