About This Chapter
Manifest Destiny & Western Expansion - Chapter Summary
This informative chapter covers the Western expansion of the United States and how the concept of Manifest Destiny played a role in that expansion. Our lessons cover the Missouri Compromise of 1820, as well as the U.S. migration to the Pacific Ocean on the Oregon Trail. You'll also review President John Tyler and his role in American expansion and the accomplishments President James K. Polk made in the lower 48 states. This chapter is designed to help you:
- Outline the events surrounding the California Gold Rush
- Detail the Election of 1848
- Describe the events of the Westward U.S. expansion between 1820 and 1860
- Explain the economy and ordered society in the U.S. Southern states
Each one of our interesting video lessons is followed by a short quiz that helps you check your understanding and readiness for an upcoming test. Our printable lesson transcripts make great study guides that you can use to review the keywords and topics from the lesson offline. These tools are accessible 24 hours a day on your mobile phone, tablet or computer.
1. Henry Clay and the Missouri Compromise of 1820
In 1819, Missouri applied for statehood, threatening to tip the balance of senatorial power in favor of the slave states. Find out how Henry Clay resolved the matter for the next 30 years.
2. The Oregon Trail: Westward Migration to the Pacific Ocean
Throughout the first half of the 19th century, the United States expanded its borders all the way to the Pacific Ocean, fulfilling its manifest destiny. Find out about the reasons people wanted this land, the path that took them there and the politicians who supported it all.
3. President John Tyler: American Expansion and Sectional Concerns
In the presidential election of 1840, 'Tippecanoe and Tyler, Too!' prevailed. But with President Harrison's death just a month later, Vice President John Tyler took the oath of office. Was 'His Accidency' really as bad a president as some critics suggest?
4. President James K. Polk's Accomplishments in the Lower 48 States
President James Polk may be obscure, but he wasn't insignificant. Learn about his controversial territorial acquisitions that define most of what Americans today call the 'Lower 48' states.
5. Election of 1848 and the California Gold Rush
General Zachary Taylor was elected president in 1848, hoping to see the peaceful addition of land from the Mexican cession. 'Old Rough and Ready' wasn't prepared for the California gold rush.
6. Westward U.S. Expansion (1820-1860)
This lesson will explain America's 19th century expansion into the West. It will define the concept of Manifest Destiny and highlight the displacement of Native Americans.
7. Life in the South: Ordered Society and Economy of the Southern States
While the North was urbanizing and industrializing, the South became more committed to its rural, leisurely lifestyle and its agricultural economy built on slave labor. Limited industry did exist, but cotton was king!
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Other chapters within the TExES Social Studies 7-12: Practice and Study Guide course
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