Login

Ch 23: Mathematical Methods of Apportionment

About This Chapter

Our instructors developed this set of lessons to teach you mathematical methods of apportionment used to determine governmental representation. Included are several study aids to enhance your learning experience.

Mathematical Methods of Apportionment - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Mathematical methods of apportionment are meant to be a fair way to determine how many voting seats each state gets in the House of Representatives. There are multiple ways of doing the math, and the lessons in this chapter teach about the various methods that have been used. Lessons are short videos, with a quiz to be taken at the end of each to check your understanding of the material. We provide a lesson transcript as a study aid, and you can submit a question to the instructor. Upon finishing these lessons, your knowledge will now include:

  • Identifying the problem of apportionment in politics
  • Understanding Hamilton's and Jefferson's methods of apportionment
  • Using the quota rule in apportionment in politics
  • Arguing Adams' method of apportionment
  • Knowing Webster's method of apportionment that was used for years
  • Seeing why Huntington-Hill method of apportionment is currently in use in the House of Representatives

Lesson Objective
The Problem of Apportionment in Politics Identify the problem with trying to give each state its fair portion of representation.
Hamilton's Method of Apportionment in Politics Explore the method Alexander Hamilton used as one of the early methods of assigning the number of House of Representative voting seats.
The Quota Rule in Apportionment in Politics Get familiar with the use of quotas in apportionment.
Jefferson's Method of Apportionment in Politics Review Thomas Jefferson's apportionment method.
Adams' Method of Apportionment in Politics Take a look at John Quincy Adams' argument of apportionment bias.
Webster's Method of Apportionment in Politics Get to know Daniel Webster's method of apportionment that was used for many years by the House of Representatives.
Huntington-Hill Method of Apportionment in Politics Learn the Huntington-Hill method that is currently in use in the House.

7 Lessons in Chapter 23: Mathematical Methods of Apportionment
The Problem of Apportionment in Politics

1. The Problem of Apportionment in Politics

This lesson discusses the problem of apportionment. It deals with how to fairly give each state its portion of representation in the government. Terms will be defined and an example will be used to illustrate the problem.

Hamilton's Method of Apportionment in Politics

2. Hamilton's Method of Apportionment in Politics

There are many different methods used to assign House of Representative voting seats to each state. In this lesson, we will explore Hamilton's Method of Apportionment.

The Quota Rule in Apportionment in Politics

3. The Quota Rule in Apportionment in Politics

The quota rule refers to the strict use of calculated quotas in apportionment. If a method of apportionment allows a state to have more (or fewer) seats than its quotas determine, then the method is said to be in violation of the quota rule.

Jefferson's Method of Apportionment in Politics

4. Jefferson's Method of Apportionment in Politics

The Jefferson Method of Apportionment is just one of many different methods of apportionment. In this lesson, we will review the Jefferson Method using examples to solidify the concepts.

Adams' Method of Apportionment in Politics

5. Adams' Method of Apportionment in Politics

In the 1830s, John Quincy Adams believed that the method of apportionment being used by Congress was biased. In this lesson, we review his method of apportionment.

Webster's Method of Apportionment in Politics

6. Webster's Method of Apportionment in Politics

Daniel Webster proposed his method of apportionment in the 1830s. It was adopted and used by the House of Representatives for many years. This lesson reviews his method.

Huntington-Hill Method of Apportionment in Politics

7. Huntington-Hill Method of Apportionment in Politics

The Huntington-Hill Method of Apportionment is the currently used method to assign each state its number of representative voting seats in the House of Representatives. This lesson reviews how to calculate this method.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support