About This Chapter
Medieval Civilization and Christianity - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The Medieval Civilization and Christianity chapter explores topics such as the development of Western Catholicism and major events such as the Battle of Hastings, Great Saxon Revolt and Inquisition. In addition, the video lessons cover the Bayeux Tapestry, Domesday Book and political issues of the period. Each lesson includes a transcript of the video and a multiple-choice quiz. After reviewing the lessons in the chapter, you could understand more about:
- Thomas Becket's appointment to the Archbishop of Canterbury
- The decisions of the Four Lateran Councils
- The power and struggles of the Christian church
- Agricultural advancements in medieval times
- Art and politics of the Dark Ages
|The Great Schism Between the East and Western Churches||Discuss the Great Schism.|
|William the Conqueror & Politics and Art in the Dark Ages||Learn about the political structure of Europe in the Dark Ages.|
|The Roman Catholic Clergy||Learn about the priests, bishops, archbishops and cardinals of the medieval clergy.|
|The Investiture Conflict: Rulers vs. the Centralized Church||Read about the Gregorian reformers.|
|Henry II of England and Philip Augustus of France||Explore the rule of England's Angevin Plantagenet kings and their interactions with Philip Augustus.|
|Thomas Becket and the Constitution of Clarendon||Explain the Constitutions of Clarendon.|
|Heresies and Inquisitions in the High Middle Ages||Discuss the formation of the Cathars and how it contributed to the Inquisition.|
|Power Struggles of the Holy Roman Empire: Popes vs. Emperors||Discover the cause and impact of the Investiture Controversy.|
|The 4 Lateran Councils: The Rules and Decisions||Explore the main themes of these councils.|
|Wind Mills, Water Wheels and Labor Savers in the Dark Ages||See how new agricultural technologies and a good climate contributed to a food surplus.|
1. The Great Schism Between the East and Western Churches
This lesson will define and explain the Great Schism, which led to the formation of Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. In doing so, it will highlight the political and cultural factors that led to the the great divide.
2. William the Conqueror & Politics and Art in the Dark Ages
This lesson will explore the life and deeds of William the Conqueror. In exploring the political backdrop of the Dark Ages, it will highlight the Battle of Hastings, the Bayeux Tapestry, and the Domesday Book.
3. The Roman Catholic Clergy
This lesson will list and describe the different members of the Medieval clergy. Beginning at the lower levels and ending with the Pope, it will outline the duties of each office.
4. The Investiture Conflict: Rulers vs. the Centralized Church
This lesson will explore the Investiture Conflict of the 11th and 12th centuries. In doing so, it will highlight the roles of Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV. It will also explain the Concordat of Worms.
5. Henry II of England and Philip Augustus of France
This lesson will explore the reigns of the Angevin Plantagenet kings of England, Henry II, Richard I, and John. It will also highlight their dealings with Philip Augustus of France.
6. Thomas Becket and the Constitutions of Clarendon
This lesson will explain the power struggle between Church and State in medieval England. It will focus on King Henry II, Thomas Becket, and the Constitutions of Clarendon.
7. Heresies and Inquisitions in the High Middle Ages
During the Middle Ages the term heresy referred to religious beliefs that were in disagreement with an established Christian doctrine. This lesson explores the often violent results of the growing popularity of heretical beliefs in the High Middle Ages.
8. Power Struggles of the Holy Roman Empire: Popes vs. Emperors
The High Middle Ages was characterized by constant struggles for power. This lesson explores fighting between the papacy, Germany, and Italy for authority over the Holy Roman Empire.
9. The 4 Lateran Councils: The Rules and Decisions
This lesson will discuss the Four Lateran Councils held between the years 1123 and 1215 CE. In doing so, it will explore and highlight the main themes and decisions of each.
10. Windmills, Water Wheels and Labor Savers in the Dark Ages
This lesson explores the advent of mechanized labor in Medieval Europe. We note the frenzied pace of wind and watermill construction in Europe. We examine the causes of this phenomenon and hypothesize on its implications.
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Other chapters within the History 112: World History I course
- Prehistory & the Development of Humankind
- Civilization Begins at Mesopotamia
- Early Egyptian Civilization
- Early Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
- The Rise of Empires in the Ancient Near East
- Early Indian Civilizations & Empires
- Early Chinese Civilizations & Empires
- Early Greek Civilizations
- Classical Greek Culture & Philosophy
- Alexander & the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire
- Roman Culture & Society
- The Development of Christianity
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Birth of the Muslim World
- Early African Civilizations
- Early Civilizations in Asia
- The Roman World in Transformation
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades
- Rise of the Russians & the Turks
- Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period
- European Kingdoms Emerge
- Culture of the High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- The Muslim World Expands
- The European Renaissance