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Ch 3: Medieval Music: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Medieval Music chapter of this Music 101 Help and Review course is the simplest way to master medieval music. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of medieval music.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering Music 101 material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn introductory music. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding medieval music's history, composers and styles
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning music (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about medieval music
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra music learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Medieval Music chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Medieval Music chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about medieval music. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in a medieval music unit of a standard introductory music course. Topics covered include:

  • Music for church
  • Gregorian chant and plainchant
  • Singing and polyphony in the Middle Ages
  • Characteristics of motets
  • Unrequited and courtly love songs
  • Contributions of Leonin and Perotin
  • Female church composers' styles
  • Guillaume de Machaut's Ars Nova style

14 Lessons in Chapter 3: Medieval Music: Help and Review
What Is Medieval Music? - History, Church Music & Composers

1. What Is Medieval Music? - History, Church Music & Composers

In this lesson, you will learn about the characteristics of medieval music. You'll learn about the influence and power of the church in music and composers who exemplified these ideals, as well as those who brought music out of the church and into the streets and kingdoms across Western Europe.

Medieval Church Music: Gregorian Chant & Plainchant

2. Medieval Church Music: Gregorian Chant & Plainchant

Why is Gregorian Chant called 'Gregorian Chant?' Learn the answer, and discover the specific elements of Gregorian Chant, including its harmonic structures, variations and how it changed throughout the Medieval Period.

Singing and Polyphony in the Middle Ages and Renaissance

3. Singing and Polyphony in the Middle Ages and Renaissance

Vocal music was important in both sacred and secular music in the Medieval and Renaissance periods. In this lesson, you will find out about the development of vocal styles during these time periods.

Motets: Characteristics & Composers

4. Motets: Characteristics & Composers

What is a motet? How did motets differ in the Medieval and Renaissance periods? Learn the characteristics of the different motets and key composers from each period in this lesson.

Unrequited and Courtly Love Songs of the Medieval Period

5. Unrequited and Courtly Love Songs of the Medieval Period

Troubadours entertained the royalty of the mid- and late-Medieval Period with songs of love and chivalry. In this lesson, learn about the twelfth and thirteenth century poet-musicians and their musical contributions.

Medieval Composers: Hildegard von Bingen, Guillaume de Machaut, Leonin & Perotin

6. Medieval Composers: Hildegard von Bingen, Guillaume de Machaut, Leonin & Perotin

Four of the most important composers from the Medieval Period were Hildegard von Bingen, Leonin, Perotin, and Guillaume de Machaut. Learn about their contributions and key musical works in this lesson.

Leonin and Perotin: Musical Contributions, Polyphony & Ars Antiqua

7. Leonin and Perotin: Musical Contributions, Polyphony & Ars Antiqua

The development of polyphonic, or multi-part music, was a fundamental part of the late Medieval period, and it forever influenced music thereafter. In this lesson, learn about how polyphony developed through the Medieval church composers Leonin and Perotin.

Hildegard von Bingen and Female Church Composers: Music and Styles

8. Hildegard von Bingen and Female Church Composers: Music and Styles

Hildegard von Bingen was one of the most important composers of the Medieval Period. In this lesson, learn how her compositions pushed the limits of medieval music and inspired others both musically and poetically.

Guillaume de Machaut: Music and Ars Nova Style

9. Guillaume de Machaut: Music and Ars Nova Style

Guillaume de Machaut was a French composer of the Medieval Era who significantly changed the course of music. Learn how his contributions to both sacred and secular music made him the most highly-regarded composer of his time.

Ave Maria: Lyrics, Meaning & Composer

10. Ave Maria: Lyrics, Meaning & Composer

Ave Maria is an ancient and important Catholic prayer. Learn how it evolved and what it means, and understand why so many composers have created musical settings for it down through the centuries.

Cantus Firmus: Definition & Examples

11. Cantus Firmus: Definition & Examples

The cantus firmus is a compositional technique that has existed for a thousand years. Learn how it developed, how it was used, and some of the important compositions that employed it.

Johannes Ockeghem: Biography & Requiem

12. Johannes Ockeghem: Biography & Requiem

Johannes Ockeghem was a Franco-Flemish composer of the early Renaissance. This lesson will discuss what is known of his life and works and the importance of the Requiem.

John Dunstable: Biography & Music

13. John Dunstable: Biography & Music

Although little is known about how John Dunstable lived, his music achieved acclaim and served as the bridge between the Medieval period and the early Renaissance. Learn about his music and influence in this lesson.

Rondeau Music: Definition, Form & Examples

14. Rondeau Music: Definition, Form & Examples

The rondeau was a popular French song form that dates to the 13th century. In this lesson we will discuss the form, how it changed, and composers who used it.

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