About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering Music 101 material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn introductory music. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding medieval music's history, composers and styles
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning music (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about medieval music
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra music learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Medieval Music chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Medieval Music chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about medieval music. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a medieval music unit of a standard introductory music course. Topics covered include:
- Music for church
- Gregorian chant and plainchant
- Singing and polyphony in the Middle Ages
- Characteristics of motets
- Unrequited and courtly love songs
- Contributions of Leonin and Perotin
- Female church composers' styles
- Guillaume de Machaut's Ars Nova style
1. What Is Medieval Music? - History, Church Music & Composers
In this lesson, you will learn about the characteristics of medieval music. You'll learn about the influence and power of the church in music and composers who exemplified these ideals, as well as those who brought music out of the church and into the streets and kingdoms across Western Europe.
2. Medieval Church Music: Gregorian Chant & Plainchant
Why is Gregorian Chant called 'Gregorian Chant?' Learn the answer, and discover the specific elements of Gregorian Chant, including its harmonic structures, variations and how it changed throughout the Medieval Period.
3. Singing and Polyphony in the Middle Ages and Renaissance
Vocal music was important in both sacred and secular music in the Medieval and Renaissance periods. In this lesson, you will find out about the development of vocal styles during these time periods.
4. Motets: Characteristics & Composers
What is a motet? How did motets differ in the Medieval and Renaissance periods? Learn the characteristics of the different motets and key composers from each period in this lesson.
5. Unrequited and Courtly Love Songs of the Medieval Period
Troubadours entertained the royalty of the mid- and late-Medieval Period with songs of love and chivalry. In this lesson, learn about the twelfth and thirteenth century poet-musicians and their musical contributions.
6. Medieval Composers: Hildegard von Bingen, Guillaume de Machaut, Leonin & Perotin
Four of the most important composers from the Medieval Period were Hildegard von Bingen, Leonin, Perotin, and Guillaume de Machaut. Learn about their contributions and key musical works in this lesson.
7. Leonin and Perotin: Musical Contributions, Polyphony & Ars Antiqua
The development of polyphonic, or multi-part music, was a fundamental part of the late Medieval period, and it forever influenced music thereafter. In this lesson, learn about how polyphony developed through the Medieval church composers Leonin and Perotin.
8. Hildegard von Bingen and Female Church Composers: Music and Styles
Hildegard von Bingen was one of the most important composers of the Medieval Period. In this lesson, learn how her compositions pushed the limits of medieval music and inspired others both musically and poetically.
9. Guillaume de Machaut: Music and Ars Nova Style
Guillaume de Machaut was a French composer of the Medieval Era who significantly changed the course of music. Learn how his contributions to both sacred and secular music made him the most highly-regarded composer of his time.
10. Ave Maria: Lyrics, Meaning & Composer
Ave Maria is an ancient and important Catholic prayer. Learn how it evolved and what it means, and understand why so many composers have created musical settings for it down through the centuries.
11. Cantus Firmus: Definition & Examples
The cantus firmus is a compositional technique that has existed for a thousand years. Learn how it developed, how it was used, and some of the important compositions that employed it.
12. Johannes Ockeghem: Biography & Requiem
Johannes Ockeghem was a Franco-Flemish composer of the early Renaissance. This lesson will discuss what is known of his life and works and the importance of the Requiem.
13. John Dunstable: Biography & Music
Although little is known about how John Dunstable lived, his music achieved acclaim and served as the bridge between the Medieval period and the early Renaissance. Learn about his music and influence in this lesson.
14. Rondeau Music: Definition, Form & Examples
The rondeau was a popular French song form that dates to the 13th century. In this lesson we will discuss the form, how it changed, and composers who used it.
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Other chapters within the Music 101: Help and Review course
- Elements of Music: Help and Review
- Opera and Orchestral Music: Help and Review
- Renaissance Music: Help and Review
- The Baroque Period in Music: Help and Review
- The Classical Period in Music: Help and Review
- The Romantic Period in Music: Help and Review
- Modern Era Music: Help and Review
- Jazz Music: Help and Review
- Musical Theater and Popular Music: Help and Review
- World Music: Help and Review