About This Chapter
MTEL Physics: Scientific Research Overview - Chapter Summary
The video lessons in this chapter provide an easy and engaging way for you to review the basics of scientific research to ensure that you are ready to answer these types of questions on the MTEL Physics exam. Lessons in this chapter:
- Define scientific research
- Identify the terms and steps in the scientific method
- Discuss different kinds of research methods
- Explain methods for formulating research hypotheses
- Examine various research variables
Our expert physics instructors offer clear and easy-to-follow guidance. We also provide full transcripts of each lesson to give you alternative approaches to learning this subject matter. Take an exam at the end of the chapter to test your comprehension of the scientific research content taught in each lesson.
MTEL Physics: Scientific Research Overview - Chapter Objectives
The MTEL is required for teachers seeking prekindergarten, elementary and secondary school teaching licenses in the state of Massachusetts. MTEL subject-matter exams are used to assess an educator's knowledge and ability to communicate with students about the subject they intend to teach.
The MTEL Physics exam consists of 100 multiple-choice questions and 2 open-response assignments which require a written 1-2 page response. The exam is broken down into 7 subareas. The information covered in this Scientific Research Overview chapter falls under the Nature of Science subarea, which has 14-16 multiple-choice questions. The self-assessment quizzes at the end of our video lessons help you review key concepts for the MTEL Physics exam and prepare you for the format you'll find on the multiple-choice portion of the exam.
1. The Nature of Science
This lesson will explore the basic nature of science. It will distinguish science from pseudoscience and hypothesis from theory and natural law; it will give plenty of examples of each.
2. What is Scientific Research?
This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!
3. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples
The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.
4. What Are The Different Kinds of Research Methods?
This lesson will go over some important research methods, including observation, correlation, and experimentation, as well as examples of each type of methodology.
5. Research Variables: Dependent, Independent, Control, Extraneous & Moderator
This lesson explores the terminology of experimental design. What are variables? How do they influence each other? Is it possible that you are seeing connections that don't actually exist?
6. Formulating the Research Hypothesis and Null Hypothesis
After figuring out what you want to study, what is the next step in designing a research experiment? You, the researcher, write a hypothesis and null hypothesis. This lesson explores the process and terminology used in writing a hypothesis and null hypothesis.
7. How to Avoid Bias in Scientific Investigations
In this video lesson, you will learn what it takes to conduct a proper scientific investigation while doing your best to avoid any possibility of bias. Learn where possible sources of bias can come from and what you can do about it.
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Other chapters within the MTEL Physics: Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL Physics: Interpreting & Analyzing Scientific Data
- MTEL Physics: Physics Lab Safety
- MTEL Physics: Historical & Contemporary Relationships in Science
- MTEL Physics: Force & the Laws of Motion
- MTEL Physics: Rotational Motion, Collisions & Conservation
- MTEL Physics: Laws of Gravitation
- MTEL Physics: Fluid Mechanics
- MTEL Physics: Work & Energy
- MTEL Physics: Linear & Angular Momentum
- MTEL Physics: Principles of Thermodynamics
- MTEL Physics: Electrostatics
- MTEL Physics: Circuits
- MTEL Physics: Electromagnetism
- MTEL Physics: Oscillations & Wave Motion
- MTEL Physics: Sound Waves & Principles of Acoustics
- MTEL Physics: Electromagnetic Waves
- MTEL Physics: Light, Mirrors & Lenses
- MTEL Physics: Atomic Nature of Matter & Relativity
- MTEL Physics: Quantum Theory
- MTEL Physics: Radioactive Decay & Nuclear Reactions