About This Chapter
MTLE Social Studies: The American Civil War - Chapter Summary
As you prepare for the MTLE Social Studies exam, use this chapter to review the events that caused tension between the northern and southern states of the U.S., some of the battles of the American Civil War and other similar topics. This chapter is composed of a series of short, engaging video lessons in which our expert instructors will explain:
- President Lincoln's election and the secession of the southern states
- The Battle of Fort Sumter and the start of the American Civil War
- The Battle of Gettysburg, the Siege of Vicksburg and Sherman's March to the Sea
- General Grant's march to Richmond and the end of the American Civil War
- Presidents Lincoln's assassination
- Positive and negative effects of the Reconstruction period
- The Reconstruction Amendments
To further reinforce your understanding of these topics, read the lesson transcripts, then take the lesson quizzes. After the quizzes, review your results to discover the topics you don't comprehend, then use the video tags to return to the videos to improve your understanding of them. Once you have completed all the lessons and quizzes of the chapter, take the practice chapter exam to measure your overall understanding of the material.
1. Henry Clay and the Missouri Compromise of 1820
In 1819, Missouri applied for statehood, threatening to tip the balance of senatorial power in favor of the slave states. Find out how Henry Clay resolved the matter for the next 30 years.
2. President Fillmore and the Compromise of 1850
Following President Zachary Taylor's death, Millard Fillmore took office. He supported the Compromise of 1850 that added new states from the Mexican cession and attempted to resolve long-standing controversies over slavery.
3. Bloody Kansas: Causes, Effects and Summary of Events
The events in the Kansas territory were a microcosm of the violent forces shaping the United States in the decade of the 1850s, forces that would ultimately lead to a disintegration of the Union itself. This lesson details what has come to be known as Bleeding Kansas and its impact on the issue of slavery.
4. Abolitionist Movement: Important Figures in the Fight to End Slavery
The abolitionist movement spanned decades. Although slavery did not end peacefully, great Americans like William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet Beecher Stowe were some of the driving forces behind the anti-slavery movement.
5. Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy
Learn about how Abraham Lincoln's election in the contentious 1860 presidential race set off a domino effect leading to the secession of South Carolina and six other states and the formation of the Confederate States of America.
6. The Battle of Fort Sumter & the Start of the Civil War
South Carolina's attack on a U.S. military outpost triggered the American Civil War. Learn more about the Battle of Fort Sumter and the consequences of the fort's surrender to the Confederacy.
7. Civil War Turning Points: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg
In 1863, three events proved to be turning points for the American Civil War: the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg. Learn about these Civil War turning points in this lesson.
8. End of the Civil War: General Grant Begins the March Toward Richmond
President Lincoln took a gamble and named Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Union army. They devised a plan to finally take Richmond and win the war in 1864. In this lesson, learn about General Grant's controversial tactics.
9. Sherman's March to the Sea
In 1864, General William T. Sherman began his Atlanta campaign. His success assured Lincoln's re-election in 1864. Sherman then began his destructive March to the Sea in order to capture Savannah.
10. Lincoln's Assassination and Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
Two of the most eventful weeks in American history took place between April 1 and April 15, 1865, during which Richmond (the capital of the Confederacy) fell, General Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse and President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.
11. The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
Between 1865 and 1870, during the historical era known as Reconstruction, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were ratified to establish political equality for all Americans. Together, they are known as the Reconstruction Amendments.
12. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures
Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?
13. Reconstruction in the South: Positive & Negative Effects
In this lesson, we'll explore the positive and negative effects of Reconstruction on the people of the South. We'll look at rights and opportunities for African Americans, economic growth, resentment and violence, and the sharecropping system.
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Other chapters within the MTLE Social Studies: Practice & Study Guide course
- MTLE Social Studies: Consumer Economics
- MTLE Social Studies: Economic Institutions
- MTLE Social Studies: Macroeconomics
- MTLE Social Studies: International Economics
- MTLE Social Studies: Behavioral Science
- MTLE Social Studies: Personal Identity
- MTLE Social Studies: Social Identity
- MTLE Social Studies: Mental Health
- MTLE Social Studies: Culture
- MTLE Social Studies: Social Institutions
- MTLE Social Studies: Basics of Social Science
- MTLE Social Studies: Inquiry & Research
- MTLE Social Studies: Analyzing Information & Texts
- MTLE Social Studies: Literacy & Critical Thinking Skills
- MTLE Social Studies: Early Civilizations in World History
- MTLE Social Studies: Ancient Greece & Rome
- MTLE Social Studies: Belief Systems
- MTLE Social Studies: The Byzantine Empire
- MTLE Social Studies: Islamic Civilizations
- MTLE Social Studies: Medieval Europe
- MTLE Social Studies: Early Asia, Africa & America
- MTLE Social Studies: Renaissance & Reformation
- MTLE Social Studies: Age of Exploration
- MTLE Social Studies: Global Empires
- MTLE Social Studies: Enlightenment & Revolution
- MTLE Social Studies: Imperialism
- MTLE Social Studies: World War I
- MTLE Social Studies: World War II
- MTLE Social Studies: World War II to the Present
- MTLE Social Studies: Settling North America
- MTLE Social Studies: The Revolutionary War
- MTLE Social Studies: The U.S. as a New Nation
- MTLE Social Studies: Westward Expansion
- MTLE Social Studies: American Industrialization
- MTLE Social Studies: American Imperialism
- MTLE Social Studies: 1920s America
- MTLE Social Studies: The Great Depression
- MTLE Social Studies: The U.S. in World War II
- MTLE Social Studies: Post-WWII American Culture
- MTLE Social Studies: Foreign Policy Post-WWII to Today
- MTLE Social Studies: American Politics Post-WWII to Today
- MTLE Social Studies: Foundations of Geography
- MTLE Social Studies: Earth's Physical Features & Systems
- MTLE Social Studies: Human Impact on the Environment
- MTLE Social Studies: Settlement Patterns
- MTLE Social Studies: Social, Political & Economic Systems
- MTLE Social Studies: Political Science
- MTLE Social Studies: Influential Political Thinkers
- MTLE Social Studies: Government & Public Opinion
- MTLE Social Studies: Foundations of U.S. Government
- MTLE Social Studies: U.S. Political Processes
- MTLE Social Studies: Landmark U.S. Supreme Court Cases
- MTLE Social Studies: U.S. Government Structure
- MTLE Social Studies: Economics
- MTLE Social Studies: Economic Systems
- MTLE Social Studies: Business Organization & Marketing