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Ch 10: Musical Theater and Popular Music: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Musical Theater and Popular Music chapter of this Music 101 Help and Review course is the simplest way to master musical theater and popular music. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of musical theater and popular music.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering Music 101 material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn introductory music. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding musical theater and popular music songs and compositions
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning music (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about musical theater and popular music
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra music learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Musical Theater and Popular Music chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Musical Theater and Popular Music chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about musical theater and popular music. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in a musical theater and popular music unit of a standard introductory music course. Topics covered include:

  • Broadway works by Rogers and Hart
  • Bernstein and Porter's Broadway works
  • Cole Porter's songs and accomplishments
  • Rodgers and Hammerstein's musicals and plots
  • Stephen Sondheim's lyrical contributions to musical theater

76 Lessons in Chapter 10: Musical Theater and Popular Music: Help and Review
Broadway: Works of Rodgers and Hart, Bernstein & Porter

1. Broadway: Works of Rodgers and Hart, Bernstein & Porter

This lesson explores the Broadway careers of Rodgers & Hart, Bernstein, and Porter. It highlights famous musicals like Anything Goes, Kiss Me Kate, and West Side Story.

Cole Porter: Songs, Music & Accomplishments

2. Cole Porter: Songs, Music & Accomplishments

This lesson travels through the life, songs, and accomplishments of the famous Cole Porter. It highlights his prolific career, listing works like Gay Divorce, Anything Goes, and Kiss Me Kate.

Rodgers and Hammerstein: Musicals, Songs and Plots

3. Rodgers and Hammerstein: Musicals, Songs and Plots

The team of Rodgers and Hammerstein was one of the most influential creative forces in the history of Broadway. Explore a few of their musicals and test your understanding of their legacy.

A Little Night Music: Synopsis, Songs & Music

4. A Little Night Music: Synopsis, Songs & Music

This lesson will examine a rather naughty musical, featuring the famous Send in the Clowns, A Little Night Music. We'll look at the composer, the plot and the songs. Get ready for a wild night!

Stephen Sondheim: Lyrical Contributions to Musical Theater

5. Stephen Sondheim: Lyrical Contributions to Musical Theater

Stephen Sondheim wrote some of the most celebrated lyrics in American musical theater. In this lesson, learn about his life and explore his style of writing, then test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Aida The Musical: Synopsis, Songs & Characters

6. Aida The Musical: Synopsis, Songs & Characters

Based on the opera by Giuseppe Verdi and libretto by Antonio Ghislanzoni, 'Aida' tells the story of star-crossed lovers bound by family and cultural expectations in Egypt during the time of the great pharaohs. In this lesson, you'll find a synopsis of the musical in relation to some of its key songs.

Andrew Lloyd Webber: Biography, Musicals & Songs

7. Andrew Lloyd Webber: Biography, Musicals & Songs

Get to know about the life and career of composer, producer, and philanthropist, Andrew Lloyd Webber. He is one of the greatest contributors to musical theater in the last 40 years. This lesson will cover his biography, musicals, and songs.

Atlantic Records: History & Artists

8. Atlantic Records: History & Artists

Started by two Turkish brothers who loved the sounds of African American Music, the artists represented by Atlantic Records represent some of the greatest achievers in jazz, rhythm and blues, and hip hop.

Berry Gordy: Biography, Family & Songs

9. Berry Gordy: Biography, Family & Songs

You know the sounds of The Four Tops, The Supremes, and The Jackson 5, but do you know the story of the man behind the bands? In this lesson, learn about the life, family, and songs of Berry Gordy.

Bill Monroe: Biography & Songs

10. Bill Monroe: Biography & Songs

Bill Monroe is most famously known as the father of bluegrass music. In this lesson, you'll learn about his humble beginnings and how he found a musical style that was uniquely his.

Bluegrass Music: History, Artists, Bands & Songs

11. Bluegrass Music: History, Artists, Bands & Songs

Bluegrass is a sub-genre of country music that incorporates aspects of Scotch-Irish folk music, blues music, and gospel music into exciting and haunting arrangements that romanticize Appalachian life.

Bo Diddley: Biography, Songs & Death

12. Bo Diddley: Biography, Songs & Death

A key figure in the transition from blues to rock and roll, Bo Diddley was a tragically, commercially under-appreciated American musician. A pioneer in both technique and style, this lesson will examine Diddley's life and music.

Bob Dylan: Biography, Songs & Facts

13. Bob Dylan: Biography, Songs & Facts

This lesson will detail the career and legacy of Bob Dylan. Dylan's progression from protest folk singer to rock star will be assessed and his impact on future generations will be articulated.

Boogie Woogie: Definition, History, Music & Songs

14. Boogie Woogie: Definition, History, Music & Songs

What does music have to do with needing to pay the rent? In this lesson, learn about the tie between Boogie woogie and paying the bills.

Brill Building: Music, Songwriters & Songs

15. Brill Building: Music, Songwriters & Songs

The musicians who worked out of the Brill Building in the 1950s and 60s produced some of the biggest hits of their time and left a lasting impression on the music industry. Learn the history of the Brill Building and explore some of these artists below.

British Pop: Culture, Art & Artists

16. British Pop: Culture, Art & Artists

This lesson will talk about what Pop Art is, and how American and British Pop Art differ. You will also learn about some of the most important artists working in this art movement.

Buddy Holly: Biography, Songs & Death

17. Buddy Holly: Biography, Songs & Death

This lesson will extrapolate on the life, career, and tragic death of Buddy Holly. We will examine his impact on the history of rock 'n' roll music and American style.

Bye Bye Birdie: Synopsis & Characters

18. Bye Bye Birdie: Synopsis & Characters

Bye Bye Birdie is an American musical about fictional pop sensation Conrad Birdie and his final performance before being drafted to the army. He promises a song and a kiss to a typical American teenager on the Ed Sullivan Show. With two Broadway runs and two concert versions, in addition to appearances on both the small and silver screens, this classic musical theatre show highlights life in 1950's America and the early rock and roll music craze.

Cabaret: Definition, Style, Themes & Music

19. Cabaret: Definition, Style, Themes & Music

Cabaret is a style of performance that emerged from France in the 19th century. Through this lesson, you will explore some of the history of cabaret and gain insight into the different styles that are incorporated into the performance.

Charli Christian: Biography & Guitar Method

20. Charli Christian: Biography & Guitar Method

Learn about the life of guitar player Charlie Christian, whose revolutionary playing style took the jazz world by storm and made the electric guitar a featured solo instrument.

Chuck Berry: Biography & Songs

21. Chuck Berry: Biography & Songs

Imagine being one of the first rock and roll stars! That's just what this native of St. Louis did by writing his own songs and giving energetic stage performances. In this lesson, explore the life and songs of Chuck Berry.

Classic Blues: Songs & Artists

22. Classic Blues: Songs & Artists

This lesson will define the history and styles associated with classic blues. We will explore some of the major figures associated with classic blues and perceive their connections with later genres.

Composer John Williams: Biography, Music & Movies

23. Composer John Williams: Biography, Music & Movies

In this lesson you will learn about John Williams, the American film composer and conductor. Get to know the composer's life, his music, and the films and collaborations which have made him famous.

Que Sera, Sera: Translation & Meaning

24. Que Sera, Sera: Translation & Meaning

We've all heard the popular saying 'Que sera, sera,' but where does it come from? In this lesson, we will take a look at the phrase's origin, translation and meaning.

Country Blues: Music, Artists & Songs

25. Country Blues: Music, Artists & Songs

Ever wanted to sing the blues? Where did the blues come from, and what kinds of instruments are used in this style of music? In this lesson, explore the music, artists, and songs of the country blues.

Disco: History, Music & Artists

26. Disco: History, Music & Artists

This lesson will describe the development of disco as a genre and its relationship to the space of the dance club. The disco backlash of the 1980s will be placed in context, as will disco's overall significance.

Dixieland: Music, Songs & History

27. Dixieland: Music, Songs & History

This lesson will examine the history and music of an exciting form of early jazz called Dixieland. Stay tuned to find out what makes it so unique, energetic, and downright fun.

Elvis Presley: Biography, Songs, Movies & Death

28. Elvis Presley: Biography, Songs, Movies & Death

This lesson will explore the life, career, and death of Elvis Presley. We will assess the significance of his early career and the contributing factors that led to his downfall.

Eric Clapton: Biography, Songs & Albums

29. Eric Clapton: Biography, Songs & Albums

Learn about the life and music one of the world's most successful rock and blues guitarists, Eric Clapton. Discover the albums and songs he has recorded during a career that spans more than 50 years.

Fiddler on the Roof: Summary, Characters & Songs

30. Fiddler on the Roof: Summary, Characters & Songs

In this lesson, we'll learn about the major plot points, characters and songs found in the musical, 'Fiddler on the Roof', the story of a poor Jewish family in rural Russia.

Frank Zappa: Biography, Songs & Death

31. Frank Zappa: Biography, Songs & Death

This lesson will cover the life, career, and legacy of Frank Zappa. We will consider his experimentalism, influences, and passion for fighting censorship.

Genesis: Band Members, Albums & Songs

32. Genesis: Band Members, Albums & Songs

This lesson will chronicle the career of Genesis and their various shifts in style and membership. We will explore their most important albums and the respective roles played by their two frontmen in the band's creative evolution.

George Gershwin: Biography, Songs & Facts

33. George Gershwin: Biography, Songs & Facts

George Gershwin (1898-1937) wrote popular songs, jazz, opera and Broadway shows as well as serious music for concert halls. Despite an untimely death, learn how he made a lasting mark on 20th century American music.

George M. Cohan: Biography, Music & Songs

34. George M. Cohan: Biography, Music & Songs

In this lesson, you will be introduced to the performer, songwriter, director and patriot, George M. Cohan. Find out about how his inspirational career and songs helped the troops during two world wars.

Hair the Musical: Synopsis, Songs & Characters

35. Hair the Musical: Synopsis, Songs & Characters

In this lesson, you will learn about the musical: Hair. When you think of Hippies (not hipsters) and protesting the ~'Establishment~', this is the groovy musical for you.

Hank Williams, Jr.: Biography & Songs

36. Hank Williams, Jr.: Biography & Songs

Hank Williams, Jr., emerged from his father's shadow to lend a truly unique sound to country and southern rock music. Many of his songs, along with his charismatic persona, have withstood the test of time.

Hard Rock Music: History, Artists & Bands

37. Hard Rock Music: History, Artists & Bands

This lesson will explain the history of the hard rock subgenre. We will explore how genre distinctions are made and how hard rock came to be defined as distinct from other types of rock music.

Heavy Metal: History, Genres & Artists

38. Heavy Metal: History, Genres & Artists

This lesson explains the significance, origins, and development of heavy metal music. You will learn how heavy metal departed from traditional rock music, both musically and thematically, and then you can test your knowledge with a brief quiz.

Hello, Dolly!: Synopsis, Characters & Monologues

39. Hello, Dolly!: Synopsis, Characters & Monologues

''Hello, Dolly!'' is one of those musicals that keeps appearing in Broadway revivals, community theaters, and high schools everywhere. In this lesson, we will examine this peculiarly successful musical.

Irving Berlin: Biography, Songs & Musicals

40. Irving Berlin: Biography, Songs & Musicals

Discover how a Russian immigrant captured the American spirit through his words and music. Irving Berlin (1888-1989) wrote over 1,500 songs that touched on every aspect of our culture.

Jefferson Airplane: History, Members & Songs

41. Jefferson Airplane: History, Members & Songs

This lesson documents the journey of the band, Jefferson Airplane during the era of Vietnam, civil rights, and the psychedelic movement. Here, we will investigate the emergence, life span, and dissolution of Jefferson Airplane.

Jerry Herman: Biography, Songs & Musicals

42. Jerry Herman: Biography, Songs & Musicals

In this lesson you will learn about the composer and lyricist, Jerry Herman. He may not be as well known by name as some composers, but you are sure to have heard of his music.

Jimi Hendrix: Biography, Songs & Facts

43. Jimi Hendrix: Biography, Songs & Facts

This lesson will investigate the saga of the legendary Jimi Hendrix. Within his short lifespan, he made a favorable impression on the music scene that led him to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Julie Andrews: Biography, Movies, Books & Awards

44. Julie Andrews: Biography, Movies, Books & Awards

Read on to learn more about the fascinating life of star of stage and screen, Julie Andrews. We'll explore her life in the spotlight as an award-winning actress and author.

Led Zeppelin: Biography, Members & Songs

45. Led Zeppelin: Biography, Members & Songs

This lesson will detail the career of the seminal British rock band Led Zeppelin. We will chart their influence on future generations of bands and the ways in which their image was formed.

Leonard Bernstein: Biography, Compositions & Musicals

46. Leonard Bernstein: Biography, Compositions & Musicals

Leonard Bernstein was an influential American composer and pianist, and a famous conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. In this lesson, we will take a look at the life and works of this remarkable musical icon.

Lou Reed: Biography & Songs

47. Lou Reed: Biography & Songs

Lou Reed was an American singer and songwriter whose iconic career spans nearly half of the 20th century. Through this lesson, you will explore his history as singer of the Velvet Underground and as a solo artist.

Louis Jordan: Biography & Songs

48. Louis Jordan: Biography & Songs

Louis Jordan was an American rhythm and blues musician and the leader of the band Tympany Five. His musical style influenced rock and roll. This lesson will discuss his life, music, and influence.

Marvin Gaye: Biography, Albums & Songs

49. Marvin Gaye: Biography, Albums & Songs

This lesson will detail the career, legacy, and death of Marvin Gaye. We will explore his numerous hits and most important albums. The events of his difficult personal life will also be considered.

Motown: Songs, Artists & History

50. Motown: Songs, Artists & History

This lesson will explore this history, development, and significance of Motown Records and the artists affiliated with them. Motown records will be placed within the context of the popular music of its era and American culture in the 1960s and 1970s.

My Fair Lady: Summary, Characters & Setting

51. My Fair Lady: Summary, Characters & Setting

The mid-20th century musical 'My Fair Lady' transcends not only social class, but also time, to offer real lessons about the interactions between men and women, as well as the educated and the masses.

New Orleans Jazz: History, Music & Musicians

52. New Orleans Jazz: History, Music & Musicians

This lesson will detail the evolution and cultural significance of New Orleans jazz. We will explore the early influences and spread of the genre, as well as its basic features.

Paul Whiteman: Biography & Songs

53. Paul Whiteman: Biography & Songs

Popular bandleader Paul Whiteman (1890-1967) is best remembered for his contributions to symphonic jazz in the 1920s. Learn about his unusual and influential career, and then test your knowledge with a quiz.

Ray Charles: Biography, Songs & Death

54. Ray Charles: Biography, Songs & Death

This lesson will detail the life, career, and death of Ray Charles. His legacy and contributions to the development of popular music will be explored, and the significant events in his life will be considered.

Rhythm & Blues: Definition, History, Artists & Songs

55. Rhythm & Blues: Definition, History, Artists & Songs

Throughout the mid-20th century, rhythm and blues music dominated the music charts and dramatically altered race relations in the United States. Through this lesson, you will explore the origins of the genre and learn about some of the artists that contributed to the style.

Rodgers & Hammerstein: Biography & Musicals

56. Rodgers & Hammerstein: Biography & Musicals

Perhaps the greatest musical partnership of the 20th century, Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II wrote 11 musicals from 1943-1959. This lesson will explore the musical duo responsible for a significant chunk of the American musical canon.

Stephen Sondheim: Biography, Songs & Musicals

57. Stephen Sondheim: Biography, Songs & Musicals

This article will introduce you to the life and work of Stephen Sondheim. Learn about this American composer and lyricist, one of the most important figures in the history of Broadway musicals, then test your knowledge with a quiz.

Stevie Wonder: Biography & Songs

58. Stevie Wonder: Biography & Songs

This lesson will teach you about the life, work, and career of musical prodigy Stevie Wonder. You'll learn the story of his bright beginnings at Motown, his iconic 'classic' period, and his ever-growing catalog of hit songs.

The Fantasticks: Synopsis, Music & Songs

59. The Fantasticks: Synopsis, Music & Songs

In this lesson we will learn about the Off-Broadway hit, The Fantasticks, and discover why this charming musical has entertained audiences for over 50 years.

The Ramones: History & Songs

60. The Ramones: History & Songs

This lesson will discuss the history and cultural significance of the Ramones. We will learn why punk rock was so revolutionary in the mid-1970s and assess the influence that the Ramones had on future generations of bands.

The Rolling Stones: Biography, Members & Songs

61. The Rolling Stones: Biography, Members & Songs

In this lesson you'll learn about one of Britain's longest performing rock and roll bands - The Rolling Stones. Find out more about the history of the band, its members, and some of their songs. Then, take a short quiz about what you learned.

The Sound of Music: Summary, History & Characters

62. The Sound of Music: Summary, History & Characters

Many have enjoyed some version of 'The Sound of Music' only to later learn that parts of it are untrue. This lesson will acquaint you with the real story of the von Trapp family, explain how the musical play and film evolved, and explore some of the differences between them.

The Temptations: Biography, Albums & Songs

63. The Temptations: Biography, Albums & Songs

You know the songs ''My Girl'' and ''Ain't Too Proud to Beg'', but do you know the story behind the legendary group that recorded them? In this lesson, learn about The Temptations. Then, take a quiz to test your knowledge.

West Side Story: Summary, Songs, Characters & Composer

64. West Side Story: Summary, Songs, Characters & Composer

In this lesson, we will explore ''West Side Story'', a musical written by composer Leonard Bernstein. In looking at the story, we will also examine the songs and characters and learn a bit about Leonard Bernstein's life and work.

What Is Dance Music? - History & Types

65. What Is Dance Music? - History & Types

Dance music is a broad term that includes many different styles of music. Through this lesson, you will explore some of the history of dance music and gain an understanding of its evolution from the 19th century to the present.

What Is Folk Music? - Definition, Artists & History

66. What Is Folk Music? - Definition, Artists & History

Explore the development of folk music, from the word 'Volk' to Dylan and beyond. We'll learn what folk was, what folk became, and what folk means today. Finally, we'll learn about who the important folks are in folk music.

What is Gospel Music? - Definition, History & Artists

67. What is Gospel Music? - Definition, History & Artists

This lesson provides a general overview of gospel music. In addition to offering a definition of this musical genre, it provides some historical information about it and discusses some well-known gospel artists.

What Is Rap Music? - Definition, History & Artists

68. What Is Rap Music? - Definition, History & Artists

This lesson will offer a definition of rap and explain its correlation to the larger culture of hip-hop. The origins of rap will be summarized and the significance of hip-hop music and culture will be considered.

What Is Reggae? - Definition, Artists & Instruments

69. What Is Reggae? - Definition, Artists & Instruments

This lesson will define reggae music within the context of 20th century Jamaican music. Important artists, related genres, and periods of development will be explored, with special attention paid to the critical decades of the 1960s and 1970s.

What Is Rumba? - Definition, History & Songs

70. What Is Rumba? - Definition, History & Songs

When you're at a party in Cuba and you want to dance, you might want to know about the rumba. This lesson will explore the musical style and songs of this distinctly Cuban influenced genre.

What Is Swing Music? - Definition, History & Artists

71. What Is Swing Music? - Definition, History & Artists

Explore swing era music and some of its important artists. Begin by checking your familiarity with some swing era slang terms and then test your knowledge on the lesson with a quiz.

What Is the Tango? - Definition, Origin & History

72. What Is the Tango? - Definition, Origin & History

A tango is both a sensual dance and the music used for accompanying the dance. Explore the roots of this unique style and learn about some of its characteristics, important performers and iconic compositions.

Woodstock: History, Facts, Performers & Bands

73. Woodstock: History, Facts, Performers & Bands

This lesson explores Woodstock, a 3-day music festival held in the summer of 1969. We will explore the movers and shakers on Woodstock's main stage and the general atmosphere that placed Woodstock in the annuls of history.

Woody Guthrie: Biography and Songs

74. Woody Guthrie: Biography and Songs

Almost every child who has attended public school has at one time heard or sung 'This Land Is Your Land,' an iconic song that was written by Woody Guthrie. In this lesson, we will learn about the life and many songs of Woody Guthrie.

Jesus Christ Superstar: Summary & Characters

75. Jesus Christ Superstar: Summary & Characters

In this lesson, discover the Broadway sensation, 'Jesus Christ Superstar.' Explore the characters and the plot and test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Electronic Music: History, Types & Artists

76. Electronic Music: History, Types & Artists

This lesson will define the concept of electronic music and provide examples of different instruments, genres, and artists that make up this category. The role of technology in the creation of music in the 20th and 21st century will be considered and you can take a quiz!

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