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Ch 3: Neuron Basics

About This Chapter

The Neuron Basics chapter of this Neuroanatomy: Help & Tutorials course is the simplest way to master neuron basics. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure you learn the essentials of neurons.

Who's It For?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering basic neuron material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn the basics of neurons. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding neurons
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about neurons
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources

How It Works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Neuron Basics chapter exam.

Why It Works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Neuron Basics chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any neuron basics question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students Will Review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in a neuron basics unit of a neuroanatomy course. Topics covered include:

  • Neuron structure and function
  • The messengers of the nervous system, called neurotransmitters
  • Types of neurons
  • The structure and function of neuromuscular junctions
  • The protective and support components of neurons

7 Lessons in Chapter 3: Neuron Basics
What is a Neuron? - Definition, Parts & Function

1. What is a Neuron? - Definition, Parts & Function

What are the parts of a neuron? You'll watch Neuron Garciaparra work up a sweat as he throws baseballs to demonstrate the structures and functions of the billions of neurons that reside in your body.

The Structure and Function of Neurons

2. The Structure and Function of Neurons

In this video lesson, you'll learn about neurons, which are specialized cells in the nervous system. Check out how far neurons can send signals throughout the body and how depolarization is much like 'the wave' at a football game.

What is a Neurotransmitter? - Definition, Types, Function & Examples

3. What is a Neurotransmitter? - Definition, Types, Function & Examples

How do our bodies communicate with our brains and vice versa? In this video, you'll see how neurons and neurotransmitters can be likened to billions of tiny baseball players engaged in a non-stop game of catch.

Types of Neurons: Sensory, Afferent, Motor, Efferent & More

4. Types of Neurons: Sensory, Afferent, Motor, Efferent & More

There are many types of neurons in your body that help you see, smell, hear, and move. In this lesson, you'll learn more about afferent, efferent, sensory, and motor neurons.

The Myelin Sheath, Schwann Cells & Nodes of Ranvier

5. The Myelin Sheath, Schwann Cells & Nodes of Ranvier

The myelin sheath is an essential part of our nervous system. Learn more about this neuron component, explore the nodes of Ranvier, and discover why Schwann cells are crucial for neuron survival.

The Neuromuscular Junction: Function, Structure & Physiology

6. The Neuromuscular Junction: Function, Structure & Physiology

A neuromuscular junction is a synapse between a motor neuron and skeletal muscle. This lesson describes the events of synaptic transmission leading to contraction of skeletal muscle. Myasthenia gravis is described as a neuromuscular disease.

Neuroglia: Function & Definition

7. Neuroglia: Function & Definition

In this lesson, you'll learn about the unsung heroes of your nervous system. These cells don't get a lot of attention, but without them, it would be difficult for your neurons to do their job and protect themselves against invaders.

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