# Ch 4: OAE Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions

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### About This Chapter

## OAE Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions - Chapter Summary

Complete the activities in this chapter to prepare for questions on the Ohio Assessments for Educators (OAE) Middle Grades Mathematics asking you to solve mathematical equations with radical expressions. Watch the series of lesson videos and follow along with our expert instructors as they demonstrate how to solve problems related to:

- Finding and estimating square roots
- Simplifying square roots and expression with square roots
- Factoring radical expression
- Multiplying and dividing radical expression
- Rationalizing denominators
- Adding and subtracting with radical notation
- Solving radical equations
- Finding cube roots

If you have a question regarding the topics of this chapter, be sure to ask our instructors for clarification. Also reinforce your understanding of the material by completing the lesson quizzes. With the results from your lesson quizzes, determine your areas of weakness then return to the videos via links to fortify your mastery of these areas.

### OAE Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions Chapter Objectives

Educators in the state of Ohio take the OAE Middle Grades Mathematics test to demonstrate their mastery over middle grade mathematics and earn certification. When you take this computer-based exam, you will be asked to complete 150 multiple-choice questions in a four-hour and 15-minute testing session. Thirty-three percent of the material covered by the exam is about algebra and functions. Improve your understanding of roots and radical expressions to improve your abilities solving problems in this domain.

### 1. How to Find the Square Root of a Number

What is a square root? In this lesson, we'll learn what a square root is and how to find it. We'll review a variety of examples in order to master the concept.

### 2. Estimating Square Roots

Inverse operations are mathematical operations that undo each other. The square root is the inverse of the squared (or multiplying a number by itself) operation. There is an easy method for estimating the square root of a number, which you will learn in this lesson.

### 3. Simplifying Square Roots When not a Perfect Square

Numbers that are imperfect squares are those that, when evaluated, do not give solutions that are integers. The proper mathematical way to simplify these imperfect squares is discussed in this lesson.

### 4. Simplifying Expressions Containing Square Roots

In order to write radical expressions correctly, they have to be written in their simplest form. This lesson will show you how to simplify expressions containing numbers and variables inside a square root.

### 5. Radicands and Radical Expressions

It's easy to see that funky radical symbol and panic just a little bit. There are so many rules that go along with it, it's hard to keep up with them all. This lesson will help by describing what you should do when you are faced with a square root.

### 6. Evaluating Square Roots of Perfect Squares

Squares and square roots are inverse, or opposite, operations involving radicals. Learn how to determine the square root of perfect squares in this lesson.

### 7. Factoring Radical Expressions

Watch this video lesson to learn how to apply the product rule to your radical expressions. Learn how this product rule actually helps you to simplify your radicals as well.

### 8. Simplifying Square Roots of Powers in Radical Expressions

Simplifying radical expressions that contain powers can be tricky. There are a few simple rules that will help you perform these simplifications with ease. This lesson will teach you how.

### 9. Multiplying then Simplifying Radical Expressions

Multiplying 2 or more radical expressions uses the same principles as multiplying polynomials, with a few extra rules for dealing with the radicals. This lesson will teach you how to multiply and then simplify radical expressions.

### 10. Dividing Radical Expressions

When dividing radical expressions, we use the quotient rule. This lesson will describe the quotient rule and how to use it to solve these radical expressions.

### 11. Simplify Square Roots of Quotients

The quotient rule can be used to simplify square roots of quotients. This lesson will define the quotient rule and show you how it is used to simplify square roots.

### 12. Rationalizing Denominators in Radical Expressions

Radical expressions containing denominators are not simplified completely unless the denominator is free of radical symbols. This lesson will teach you how to remove a radical from the denominator of a fraction through a process called rationalizing the denominator.

### 13. Addition and Subtraction Using Radical Notation

There are specific rules governing adding and subtracting radical expressions. This lesson will describe these rules and give examples of how they are used.

### 14. Multiplying Radical Expressions with Two or More Terms

Multiplying radical expressions with more than two terms can be confusing. This lesson will take some of the confusion away by giving clear steps for multiplying these expressions. It will also provide some examples to help solidify the steps.

### 15. Solving Radical Equations: Steps and Examples

Solving radical equations is not any more difficult than solving other algebraic equations. This lesson will show you how to solve equations containing a square root and give some real-world examples.

### 16. Solving Radical Equations with Two Radical Terms

Solving equations with two radical terms takes some patience and care, but it really is not difficult. This lesson will show you the steps to solve these more complicated equations plus give you some examples to follow.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Middle Grades Mathematics: Practice & Study Guide course

- OAE Middle Grades Math: Basic Arithmetic Operations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Solving Math Word Problems
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Properties of Numbers
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Scientific Notation
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Simplifying Whole Number Expressions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Integers
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Rational Numbers
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Estimating & Rounding
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Number Theory
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Fractions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Operations with Fractions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Decimals
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Operations with Decimals
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Percents
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Rates, Ratios & Proportions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Money & Consumer Math
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Factoring
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Properties of Functions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Graphing Functions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Monomials & Polynomials
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Writing Algebraic Expressions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Basic Algebraic Expressions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Algebraic Distribution
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving One-Step Equations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving Two-Step Equations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Simplifying & Solving Rational Expressions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: The Coordinate Graph
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Linear Equations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Systems of Linear Equations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Negative Numbers
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Absolute Value
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Inequalities
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Number Patterns & Sequences
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Measurement
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Perimeter & Area
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Polyhedrons & Geometric Solids
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Symmetry, Similarity & Congruence
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Properties of Lines
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Triangles
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Similar Polygons
- OAE Middle Grades Math: The Pythagorean Theorem
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Quadrilaterals
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Circles
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Circular Arcs & Measurement
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Transformations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Data & Graphs
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Sets
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Statistics
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Data Collection
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Samples & Populations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Probability