About This Chapter
Orbits, Tides, and Gravity - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Let our instructors help you make sense of the kinematics equations used to calculate the effects of gravity on the acceleration, speed, and velocity of an object in orbit. You can also take a closer look at how the moon's gravitational forces affect our oceans. By the time you reach the end of this chapter, you should be familiar with the following:
- Orbital shapes, speeds, and periods
- The effect of gravity on orbits
- Gravitational forces between the Earth and moon
- Acceleration in free fall motion
|Elliptical Orbits: Periods & Speeds||Practice solving formulas used to calculate orbiting objects' speeds and periods.|
|Eccentricity and Orbits of Planets||Learn about planetary orbits that diverge from a perfect circle.|
|The Effect of Gravity & Energy on Orbits||Discover how gravity affects an object's orbit. Examine concepts like escape velocity and atmospheric drag.|
|The Effect of Gravity, the Moon & the Sun on Tides||Explore the relationship between the tidal forces of the moon and sun and the tidal cycles on Earth.|
|The Effect of Tidal Friction on Earth and the Moon||Discover how tidal friction on Earth explains the moon's rotation.|
|Free Fall Physics Practice Problems||Get experience solving the types of equations used to calculate variables associated with free fall motion.|
|The Acceleration of Gravity: Definition & Formula||Learn to measure the effect of gravity on an object's acceleration.|
1. The Four Kinds of Trajectories for Celestial Objects
What does the slicing apart of a cone and the resultant shapes have to do with trajectories and escape velocity? This lesson will tell you as it goes over ellipses, circles, hyperbolas, and parabolas.
2. Elliptical Orbits: Periods & Speeds
After watching this lesson, you will be able to explain what an elliptical orbit is and calculate the period and speed of an object in an elliptical orbit, if given enough information. A short quiz will follow.
3. Eccentricity & Orbits of Planets
After watching this lesson, you will be able to explain what eccentricity is and calculate the eccentricity of an orbit given relevant distance measurements. A short quiz will follow.
4. Center of Mass, The Barycenter & Orbital Motion
This lesson will tell you what orbits around what: the sun around the Earth or the Earth around the sun. The same goes for the moon and Earth. Does the moon really orbit around the Earth?
5. Circular Velocity & Escape Velocity
This lesson will describe the concepts of circular velocity, escape velocity, open orbits, closed orbits, and geosynchronous satellites. It will provide the equations necessary for you to be able to calculate out circular and escape velocity as well.
6. How Orbits Are Influenced by Gravity & Energy
This lesson will explain how potential energy, kinetic energy, speed, and gravity are linked to the orbital motion of planets in our solar system. It will also define aphelion and perihelion.
7. Kepler's Laws, Ellipses, and Eccentricity
This lesson will discuss Kepler's First Law of Planetary Motion; define an ellipse, focus, major axis, semimajor axis, and eccentricity; and explain what they have to do with astronomy.
8. Planets of the Solar System: Orbits & Visibility
This lesson will tell you which planets in our solar system you can see with the naked eye and which ones you cannot. You'll also learn how they appear to move in our sky and why we can see them in the first place.
9. Free Fall Physics Practice Problems
In this lesson, we will dive into doing calculations involving free falling objects. We will begin with a few helpful tips to get started before working through a couple of example problems.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 79 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Astronomy 101: Intro to Astronomy course
- The History of Astronomy
- How Scientists Think and Work
- Matter in Astronomy
- Light in Astronomy
- Newton's Laws in Astronomy
- Momentum, Energy, Pressure, Temperature & Gas
- Rotational Motion in Physics
- Earth's Spheres and Astronomy
- Influences on Climate
- The Earth, Sky, and Moon
- The Moon: Formation & Phases
- The Atmosphere on Earth and Other Planets
- The Sun's Structure & Components
- The Solar System: Layout, Formation & Dating
- Characteristics of Our Solar System's Planets
- Small Celestial Bodies & Satellites in Our Solar System
- Measurement of Star Qualities
- Star Types and Significance
- The Birth and Life of Stars
- Star Death and Stellar Remnants
- The Milky Way Galaxy
- Galaxies: Properties & Characteristics
- The Universe: Key Concepts & Theories
- Life in the Universe
- Celestial Navigation & Timekeeping
- Relativity in Time and Space