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Ch 4: Overview of DNA

About This Chapter

The Overview of DNA chapter of this Evolution Study Guide course is the simplest way to master DNA. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure you learn the essentials of DNA.

Who's It For?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering DNA material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about DNA. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding the structure and function of DNA
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about DNA
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources

How It Works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Overview of DNA chapter exam.

Why It Works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Overview of DNA chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any DNA question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students Will Review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in a DNA overview unit of a standard science course. Topics covered include:

  • Organization of the human genome
  • Structure of chromosomes
  • Chemical structure of nucleic acids
  • Function of phosphodiester bonds
  • Complementary pairing of nitrogenous bases
  • Double helix structure of DNA
  • Models of DNA replication
  • Methods of genomic DNA analysis

7 Lessons in Chapter 4: Overview of DNA
The Genome

1. The Genome

There are approximately 3 billion bases in the human genome. In this lesson, you'll learn more about the genome and its organization into chromosomes. We think about DNA often as the blueprint for life, but we can also think of it as the recipe for life with the nucleus being the library.

The Structure of Chromosomes

2. The Structure of Chromosomes

Explore the structure of chromosomes and see how DNA fits inside the nucleus of the cell. In this lesson, you'll learn about histones, chromatin and nucleosomes.

DNA: Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds

3. DNA: Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds

In this lesson, you'll discover what nucleotides look like and how they come together to form polynucleotides. We'll also explore nucleic acids and focus on DNA in particular.

DNA: Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine & Complementary Base Pairing

4. DNA: Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine & Complementary Base Pairing

Learn the language of nucleotides as we look at the nitrogenous bases adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine. Armed with this knowledge, you'll also see why DNA strands must run in opposite directions.

DNA: Double Helix Structure and Hereditary Molecule

5. DNA: Double Helix Structure and Hereditary Molecule

This lesson will help you to navigate the twists and turns of DNA's structure. We'll also clue you in on the amazing discoveries that put this nucleic acid in the limelight as the molecule of heredity.

What Is DNA Replication? - Conservative, Semi-Conservative & Dispersive Models

6. What Is DNA Replication? - Conservative, Semi-Conservative & Dispersive Models

How do we know that DNA replication is semi-conservative? How do we know it's not conservative or dispersive? Let's follow the famous experiment by Meselson and Stahl to find out!

Genomic DNA Analysis

7. Genomic DNA Analysis

Your genes are what make you who you are, but they also make you a human. Studying genes and genomes allows scientists to better understand not only our own species, but how we are related to other species in the world as well.

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