About This Chapter
Overview of Prenatal Development - Chapter Summary
Most adults have a general idea of what it takes to make a baby, but having a deeper understanding of the entire process may help increase the likelihood of healthier prenatal development. In these lessons, you will go through the biological processes involved in pregnancy, including a discussion of anatomical functions, environmental concerns, and some prenatal treatments. To make sure you understand the information in each lesson, try answering the questions on the lesson quizzes.
These quizzes use selected-response style questions, such as multiple choice or fill-in-the-blank. The questions may focus on various elements of the lesson, like diagrams, picture recognition, concept comprehension, vocabulary words, or definitions. Your scores will show up immediately after you finish the quiz, and you can retake the quizzes as often as you like. Once you make your way through the entire chapter, you will have gained enough insight into this topic to do the following:
- Examine the uterine tubes and oocyte's path
- Compare development during the prenatal stages
- Learn about the function and structure of the fetus and placenta
- Point out the purpose of the umbilical cord and amnion
- Offer examples of hazards to avoid in the prenatal environment
- Review facts about the influence of the mother's physical and emotional state
- Determine the purpose for prenatal genetic assessment and counseling
1. Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes
Follow the female's egg as it leaves the ovary and travels down the uterine tube on its way to the uterus - all with hopes of meeting up with a male's sperm along the way.
2. Prenatal Stages and Development: Germinal, Embryonic & Fetal Period
In the 9 months before a baby is born, there is an enormous amount of prenatal development. In this lesson, you will explore the following stages of prenatal development: the germinal period, the embryonic period, and the fetal period.
3. The Placenta and the Fetus: Structure and Function
Have you ever wondered how a baby eats before it's born or if babies go to the bathroom while still inside their mother? In this lesson, you will learn about the placenta and how it works to ensure a fetus stays well-nourished and healthy before birth.
4. The Amnion and the Umbilical Cord: Structure and Function
The prenatal environment is an important part of an embryo's development. Watch this lesson to find out more about the prenatal environment, including the importance of the amnion and umbilical cord and what they do.
5. The Prenatal Environment and Hazards to Healthy Prenatal Development
In this lesson, learn about the prenatal environment and what can be harmful to prenatal development. Learn about the hazards of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, disease and environmental pollutants during pregnancy.
6. The Impact of Mother's Emotional and Physical State on the Prenatal Environment
An unborn child and its mother are connected both physically and emotionally. Learn how prenatal development is affected by both the emotional and physical state of the mother in this lesson.
7. Prenatal Genetic Counseling and Assessment
When expecting a baby, many couples are concerned with the possibility of something being wrong with the baby's health. In this lesson, we'll explore genetic counseling, including who should consider it and what to expect.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 107: Life Span Developmental Psychology course
- Intro to Human Development
- Research Methods for Human Development
- Foundations of Human Development
- Genetic Influences in Human Development
- Childbirth and the Neonatal Period
- Human Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
- Early Childhood Physical and Cognitive Development
- Early Childhood Psychosocial Development
- Human Development in Middle Childhood
- Adolescent Physical and Sexual Development
- Adolescent Psychosocial Development
- Early Adulthood Physical and Cognitive Development
- Early Adulthood Psychosocial Development
- Middle Adulthood Physical and Cognitive Development
- Middle Adulthood Psychosocial Development
- Late Adulthood Physical Development
- Late Adulthood Psychosocial and Cognitive Development
- Stages and Psychological Impact of Death and Dying
- Studying for Psychology 107