About This Chapter
Patient Injuries & Infections - Chapter Summary
This comprehensive overview of patient injuries and infections can ensure you understand the risks, signs and symptoms of common infections and injuries. Topics covered in this chapter include acute inflammation, skin abrasion, blood coagulation and immune response. Reviewing fun lessons can ensure you're able to do the following:
- Define skin abrasion and discuss skin lesion nomenclature
- Share facts about the immune system and immune response
- Describe the processes of blood coagulation and wound healing
- Differentiate between acute and chronic inflammation
- Detail the inflammatory response's effect on the entire body
- Explain the progress of disease from infection to recovery
- List differences between an infection and a disease
- Understand the chain of infection
All of the lessons in this chapter are available in two formats: short videos and full transcripts. Videos are presented in a fun visual format and are accompanied by clickable timelines that let you easily skip to key injury and infection topics. Full transcripts let you read the lessons online or print and review them at a later time. Accompanying the lessons are mini quizzes designed to test your comprehension of lesson topics. A chapter exam is available to gauge your overall understanding of patient injuries and infections.
1. What Is Skin Abrasion? - Definition & Treatment
This lesson will describe a skin abrasion. It will review complicated abrasions, treatment of abrasions and how the body works to heal itself. A short quiz will follow
2. Skin Lesion Nomenclature: Bruises, Birthmarks & Burns
In this lesson, you'll learn the terminology to describe bruises, burns, and birthmarks. We've all run into something, touched an item that was too hot, and been born, so you'll be able to relate to some, if not all, the terms we're about to cover!
3. Immune System & Immune Response
Your immune system protects you from foreign invaders that might harm you. When your immune system responds to these threats, it's called an immune response. Learn about two arms of immunity known as antibody-mediated and cell-mediated immunity.
4. Blood Coagulation and Wound Healing
When your blood vessels suffer damage, your body follows a sequence of events to promote blood clotting. In this lesson, you will learn about coagulation cascade and important clotting factors involved in wound healing.
5. The Three Phases of Wound Healing
In this lesson, you're going to learn the fundamental facts about the three phases of wound healing. These phases include inflammation, proliferation, and maturation. When you are through, take the quiz to see what you have learned.
6. Acute Inflammation: Causes, Examples & Impact
This lesson teaches you about what occurs during acute inflammation. We'll discuss the causes and impacts of inflammation and learn terms like arachidonic acid, prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and eicosanoids.
7. Chronic Inflammation: Long Term Consequences
This lesson explores the harmful effects of long-term inflammation. We'll define chronic inflammation, inflammatory mediators, and reactive oxygen species before covering some specific causes of chronic inflammation and its consequences.
8. The Inflammatory Response's Effect on the Entire Body
This lesson will discuss two important roles systemic inflammation is involved in: fever and leukocytosis. It will also discuss the flip-side, two bad components of systemic inflammation: cachexia and anaphylactic shock.
9. Progress of Disease: Infection to Recovery
This lesson will teach you about the five basic steps of the development of disease, what they are called, and what occurs during each phase. We'll talk about the incubation and prodromal period as well as the periods of convalescence, decline, and illness.
10. The Differences Between Infection and Disease
This lesson will go over the differences between an infection and a disease. We'll cover everything from prions and infectivity to opportunistic infections and idiopathic disease. We'll also learn what the etiology of disease is and much more.
11. Chain of Infection: Definition & Example
Infectious disease results from the interaction of an agent, a host, and an environment. Most of these diseases follow a typical chain of infection that ends with an infected host. Understanding the chain of infection can help with both the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
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Other chapters within the Florida Prometric CNA Test: Practice & Study Guide course
- The Role of Nurse Aides
- Nursing Communication & Patient Rights
- Communication in Nursing
- Safety for Nurses
- Basic Hygiene for Nurses
- Asepsis & Infection Control in Nursing
- Emergency Situations in Nursing
- Emergency Care & Procedures
- Personal Care in Nursing
- Circulation & Skin Integrity Concerns in Nursing
- Nutrition Basics for Nurses
- Understanding Fluid & Electrolyte Balance in Nursing
- Understanding Rest & Sleep in Nursing
- Elimination Overview for Nurses
- Assistive Devices & Mobility
- Psychosocial Concerns in Nursing
- Physical Assessment Techniques
- Physical Impairments
- Understanding Pain & Pain Management in Nursing
- Mental Health Concepts
- The Aging Process
- End of Life Care