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Ch 4: Personality and Behavior in Organizations

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons regarding personality and behavior in organizations and learn personality traits, organizational effects of behavior, Machiavellianism, and more. After each lesson, you can take a quiz to determine how well you understand the materials you've reviewed.

Personality and Behavior in Organizations - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Our personalities - whether we are shy or outgoing, motivated or lazy - can have a big impact in the workplace. In this chapter, instructors will explain the ways in which we typically think about and measure personality and the ramifications of such classifications within organizational behavior. You'll learn about classifications of personalities and how certain traits can affect employee behavior. You'll review some major characteristics that can be important in the business world, but also take a look at some negative effects they can have. This chapter is designed to teach you:

  • Ways to classify personalities and traits
  • How personality can affect performance and behavior
  • What types of personalities succeed in certain roles
  • How organizational behaviorists view personality
  • Ways that employee self-esteem can affect an organization
  • The role of emotions in the workplace

VideoObjective
Intro to Personality Learn the definition of personality and the ways we can measure it.
Personality-Job Fit Theory: Using Traits to Predict Workplace BehaviorUnderstand how personality traits can be used to predict behavior and performance.
The Big Five Personality Traits and Workplace BehaviorExamine the Big Five factors of openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism.
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Personality Framework: Strengths and WeaknessesTake a look at this common personality test and what the model is good and bad at predicting.
Machiavellianism in Organizations: Definition and ExamplesExplore what it means to be Machiavellian and how the concept is used in business.
Narcissism in Organizations: Definition, Characteristics, and Effects on the WorkplaceStudy the effect that narcissism, or egotism, has on individuals in business.
Risk Takers in Business: Description and Effects on Organizational BehaviorLearn what it means to be a risk taker and how this relates to organizational behavior.
Type A and Type B Personalities in Organizations: Definition and CharacteristicsUnderstand the personality types of A and B and what effects the characteristics of each have on employee behavior.
Individual Intellectual & Physical Abilities in Organizational Behavior Learn about intellectual and physical ability and how it relates to organizational behavior.
Self Concept & Self-Esteem in Organizational Behavior Discover how one's self concept and self-esteem can impact organizational behavior.
Self-Efficacy & Self-Monitoring in Organizational Behavior Learn how self-efficacy and self-monitoring play a role in organizational behavior.
Emotional Labor and Dissonance in the Workplace: Definition & Effect on Employees Examine how employees can be impacted by emotional labor and emotional dissonance.
Emotions in the Workplace: Purpose & Functions Explore the role that emotions play in the workplace.
Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace: Definition & Meaning Study emotional intelligence and how it relates to organizational behavior. Examine evidence supporting and refuting emotional intelligence.
Deviant Workplace Behavior: Negative Effects on an Organization Discover how deviant workplace behavior can negatively impact an organization or business.

8 Lessons in Chapter 4: Personality and Behavior in Organizations
Intro to Personality

1. Intro to Personality

You put two people in the same situation and, odds are, they'll react in a range of different ways. Some people might even react in a completely unexpected or extreme way. Why is this? Watch this lesson for insight into personality types and what makes them tick the way they do.

Personality-Job Fit Theory: Using Traits to Predict Workplace Behavior

2. Personality-Job Fit Theory: Using Traits to Predict Workplace Behavior

Personality-job fit theory revolves around the idea that every organization and individual has specific personality traits. The closer match between the traits of the person and the company equals a higher chance of workplace productivity and satisfaction.

The Big Five Personality Traits & Workplace Behavior

3. The Big Five Personality Traits & Workplace Behavior

Personality has a direct impact on the behaviors of employees at work. People's behavior patterns can be broken into a Big Five Personality Model (also known as O.C.E.A.N.), which will help companies understand workplace behavior.

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Personality Framework: Strengths & Weaknesses

4. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Personality Framework: Strengths & Weaknesses

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) personality framework is a theory of personality types that helps managers with job placement, conflict management, team building and career development.

Machiavellianism in Organizations: Justifying the Means by the Ends

5. Machiavellianism in Organizations: Justifying the Means by the Ends

Manipulation can be a powerful tool that is frequently put into practice by people who have a Machiavellian personality. This lesson describes characteristics of Machiavellianism in both high and low Machs.

Narcissism in Organizations: Definition, Characteristics & Effects on the Workplace

6. Narcissism in Organizations: Definition, Characteristics & Effects on the Workplace

Narcissism in organizations can be very detrimental to corporate success. There are nine associated characteristics for which companies can screen potential employees in order to prevent a narcissist from being hired.

Risk Takers in Business: Description & Effects on Organizational Behavior

7. Risk Takers in Business: Description & Effects on Organizational Behavior

Organizations must be aware of two different types of individuals: those managers who are risk takers and those who are risk averse. Both types will affect how productivity, profits and success are determined.

Type A and Type B Personalities in Organizations: Definition & Characteristics

8. Type A and Type B Personalities in Organizations: Definition & Characteristics

Type A and Type B personality characteristics are two contrasting descriptions of traits. In organizations, it is important to identify individuals with these traits and understand the best scenario for employee motivation, output, and job accomplishment for both types.

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