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Ch 22: Personality & Older Adulthood

About This Chapter

Watch the video lessons below to learn more about personality, personality theories, and the factors that affect personality, especially among older people. These video lessons are short and engaging and make learning easy!

Personality & Older Adulthood - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Through video lessons and quizzes, professional instructors provide insight into personality as exhibited by older adults. Several key concepts are covered, from developmental models of personality to Freud's and Jung's theories. You'll gain an understanding of self-esteem, self-understanding and closely related ideas. Keep reading to see what you should know at the conclusion of this chapter. At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:

  • State what a personality is, and list the factors that influence it
  • Describe the Havighurst's Developmental Task Model and the Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits
  • Discuss personality styles
  • Name the stages of adult development and identify formation based on theories

Video Objective
Intro to Personality Get an overview of personality and what it is.
The Different Factors Affecting Personality Name things that influence personality, like cognitive development, physical status and social competence.
Havighurst's Developmental Task Model Describe this model, including the six life stages from birth to death.
The Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits: Definition, Lesson & Quiz Describe this model, paying special attention to the concept of long-terms stability in dispositional traits; complete a quiz.
Neugarten's Personality Styles: Definition & Examples Name the five personality styles, with examples.
Erikson's Stages of Identity Formation Explain the stages within the context of psychoanalytic theory.
Levinson's Stages of Adult Development Theory Name and describe the stages in this theory.
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development Be familiar with Freudian concepts like instinct; unconscious motivation; id, ego and superego; and psychosexual development.
Differences Between Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis Outline the ways in which these theories diverge.
Carl Jung's Theories: Lesson & Quiz Discuss Jungian concepts like anima and collective unconscious; take a quiz.
Self-Esteem Define self-esteem and talk about the differences between self-esteem and the self-esteem movement.
Self-Understanding and Self-Concept Describe these concepts, from 'I' to 'me,' plus the active, social and psychological selves.

12 Lessons in Chapter 22: Personality & Older Adulthood
Intro to Personality

1. Intro to Personality

You put two people in the same situation and, odds are, they'll react in a range of different ways. Some people might even react in a completely unexpected or extreme way. Why is this? Watch this lesson for insight into personality types and what makes them tick the way they do.

The Different Factors Affecting Personality

2. The Different Factors Affecting Personality

What makes you unique? In this lesson, we'll examine personality, and some of the factors that affect personality, including how a person's cognition, self-concept, and locus of control can affect how he or she approaches the world.

Havighurst's Developmental Task Model

3. Havighurst's Developmental Task Model

You aren't the same as you were when you were a baby. Everyone grows and changes, but how do people develop? Watch this lesson to find out about Havighurst's developmental task model, including the six stages of life.

The Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits: Definition & Summary

4. The Five-Factor Model of Dispositional Traits: Definition & Summary

In this lesson, we will examine the five-factor model, including a look at each of the five factors and where the model came from. In addition, we will learn how a person's five personality factors will change over a lifetime.

Neugarten's Personality Styles: Definition & Examples

5. Neugarten's Personality Styles: Definition & Examples

Here we will examine the findings of Neugarten, specifically of how the aging process interacts with a person's personality. This interaction ultimately leads to successful or disorganized aging.

Erikson's Stages of Identity Formation

6. Erikson's Stages of Identity Formation

How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?

Levinson's Stages of Adult Development Theory

7. Levinson's Stages of Adult Development Theory

There has been a lot of talk about the development of children. But, do people continue to develop into their adult years? Psychologist Daniel Levinson thought so. In this lesson, we will look into his seven stages of adult development.

Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

8. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.

Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis

9. Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis

Differentiate between Freud and Erikson's approaches to psychoanalytic theory in this lesson. You will examine and compare developmental stages side by side and have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.

Carl Jung's Theories: Personality, Psyche & Dreams

10. Carl Jung's Theories: Personality, Psyche & Dreams

In this lesson, we will be discussing Carl Jung's theories. Specifically, we will look at his theories on personality, dream analysis and the human psyche. At the end, you can test your knowledge with a short quiz.

What Is Self-Esteem? - Definition & How to Improve It

11. What Is Self-Esteem? - Definition & How to Improve It

Feeling confident about yourself is called self-esteem. During the end of the 20th century, a self-esteem movement was geared at making children feel good about themselves. But did it work? What really improves a person's self-esteem?

Self-Understanding & Self-Concept: How We Perceive Ourselves

12. Self-Understanding & Self-Concept: How We Perceive Ourselves

Answering the question 'Who am I?' can lead to a solid self-concept and self-understanding. Watch this lesson to find out more about the difference in these two things, as well as the factors that go into each of them.

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