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Ch 21: Praxis Business: US Court System

About This Chapter

Get ready for the business education Praxis with some help from this chapter. The engaging video lessons about the United States court system include quick quizzes for self-assessment.

Praxis Business Education: United States Court System - Chapter Summary

Review the definitions of various types of law, with explanations of the differences. These lessons let you 'step inside' the U.S. and state court systems, to better understand the inner-workings. This chapter helps guide your study of the following topics:

  • Private law vs. public law
  • Civil law vs. criminal law
  • U.S. court system: appellate, trial and Supreme Court
  • Federal court system's organization and structure
  • U.S. Supreme Court overview
  • Structure and overview of the state court system

Make sure that you take the short, informative quiz at the end of each lesson for self-reflection.

Praxis Business Education: United States Court System Objectives

Exam questions about the United States court system are part of the law and international business portion of the test. That section is composed of about 18 questions of the entire 120-question test, or approximately 15% of the exam. In addition to your study of the United States court system, you'll also want to review the following topics to get ready for this part of your business content knowledge Praxis:

  • Contract law
  • Consumer law
  • Computer law: intellectual property, privacy/security and copyright
  • Trade relations: trade barriers, imports/exports, balance of trade and trade agreements
  • Environment of international business: cultural, social, economic, legal and political factors
  • International business: foundations, impact and role

Our video lessons can help you prepare for questions about the United States court system, in addition to helping you review for the other objectives addressed in this part of your Praxis business education exam.

6 Lessons in Chapter 21: Praxis Business: US Court System
Public Law vs. Private Law: Definitions and Differences

1. Public Law vs. Private Law: Definitions and Differences

The simple difference between public and private law is in those that each affects. Public law affects society as a whole, while private law affects individuals, families, businesses and small groups.

Criminal Law vs. Civil Law: Definitions and Differences

2. Criminal Law vs. Civil Law: Definitions and Differences

There are two main classifications of law. Criminal laws regulate crimes, or wrongs committed against the government. Civil laws regulate disputes between private parties. This lesson explains the main differences between criminal and civil law.

The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court

3. The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court

There are three separate levels of courts in our legal system, each serving a different function. Trial courts settle disputes as the first court of instance, appellate courts review cases moved up from trial courts and supreme courts hear cases of national importance or those appealed in the court of appeals.

The 3 Levels of the Federal Court System: Structure and Organization

4. The 3 Levels of the Federal Court System: Structure and Organization

The federal court system has three main levels: U.S. District Court, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals and the U.S. Supreme Court. Each level of court serves a different legal function for both civil and criminal cases.

Overview of the US Supreme Court

5. Overview of the US Supreme Court

The U.S. Supreme Court justices reside over cases involving original jurisdiction under certain circumstances and appellate jurisdiction when a decision from a lower court involving constitutional law is at issue. Appellate cases require a writ of certiorari requesting permission to address this court.

State Court System: Structure & Overview

6. State Court System: Structure & Overview

There is no uniform structure to the State Court System. Each state has its own system but most states operate similarly to the Federal Court System in that there are several levels of courts including trial courts, intermediate appellate courts and supreme courts.

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