About This Chapter
Principles of Ethical Research - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Ethics in research are essential. Without ethical standards, researchers could pretty much do whatever they wanted in regards to how they treat research subjects. This could be quite dangerous. In fact, in the past, the research ethics were more relaxed than they are today. Researchers could do just about any experiment or test using animals as subjects - even if those experiments or tests would endanger the animal subjects. Today, things have changed. This is one area of research ethics you will learn about. You will also learn about ethics in regards to human subjects. Some of the topics covered include:
- Research guidelines
- The purpose of informed consent
- Risks to research participants
- Research ethics
- Misconduct in research
- Animals in research
|Conducting Research on People: General Guidelines||Study the general guidelines for conducting research on human participants.|
|What Is Informed Consent in Research? - Definition & Purpose||Learn about informed consent and how it is obtained by the researcher.|
|Risks of Research: Physical Harm, Psychological Abuse & Legal Jeopardy||Take a look at the various ways research can harm a research subject.|
|Ethical Research: Maintaining Privacy, Anonymity & Confidentiality||Find out about the concepts of privacy, anonymity and confidentiality.|
|Informed Consent in Research with Special Populations||Examine how informed consent affects special populations, like children, pregnant women or incarcerated individuals.|
|Negating Deception in Research||Explore how deception occurs in research and how it is handled.|
|Research Misconduct: Fraud and Plagiarism||Discover fraud and plagiarism in research.|
|Legal and Unethical Behavior in Research||Study how behavior can be unethical without breaking the law.|
|The Importance of Internal Review Boards in Research||Learn about the purpose of the Internal Review Boards.|
|Protecting Research Participants: Mandated & Federal Regulations||Find out about the federal regulations that are in place to protect research participants.|
|Using Animal Subjects in Research: Issues & Considerations||Examine considerations for research on animal subjects.|
1. Conducting Research on People: General Guidelines
There are specific guidelines that must be followed when performing research. These guidelines are there to protect the subject from harm. What do you, as a researcher, have to watch out for when conducting research on people? Why do you need to be so careful?
2. What Is Informed Consent in Research? - Definition & Purpose
After you have figured out what you are going to research and have approval to do it, you need informed consent from the participants in your experiment. What is informed consent, and how is it different than regular consent?
3. Risks of Research: Physical Harm, Psychological Abuse & Legal Jeopardy
There are many ways a researcher can harm a participant. This lesson explores the possible harmful actions of researchers, as well as ways to avoid these harmful actions.
4. Ethical Research: Maintaining Privacy, Anonymity & Confidentiality
When performing research, there are certain expectations that a researcher must follow to protect their subjects. We will explore a few of the different ways that a subject's responses are kept from being used against them.
5. Informed Consent in Research with Special Populations
There are people who need a little bit of extra protection because they are in a vulnerable state. These are people who need additional information because they are at some risk or because they cannot make decisions on their own. We will explore some of these special populations.
6. Negating Deception in Research
Sometimes learning something through research requires a little bit of lying - nothing too big but just enough where the subject is misdirected. But what happens after the experiment? What are your responsibilities as a researcher?
7. Research Misconduct: Fraud and Plagiarism
Obviously, at this level, you don't need to be told that copying or making things up is wrong; however, it still happens more often than it should. We will look at the specifics of plagiarism and fraud in psychological research.
8. Legal and Unethical Behavior in Research
In this lesson, explore some of the ways the ethical code and the legal system interact. Learn if it is possible to perform unethical research yet not violate the law.
9. The Importance of Institutional Review Boards in Research
If you think a researcher just runs an experiment, then you didn't know they would run the risk of losing both their position as a researcher and possibly their freedom. The importance of the Institutional Review Boards keeps them safe.
10. Protecting Research Participants: Mandated & Federal Regulations
How are laws and federal regulations protecting research participants? This lesson explores some of the ways people are protected from each other, themselves, and researchers when they are participants in a study.
11. Using Animal Subjects in Research: Issues & Considerations
Using animals in research is not something that is undertaken lightly. We will look at ethical and federal laws put into place to ensure animals used in research are not abused despite the experimentation.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 105: Research Methods in Psychology course
- Introduction to Research Methods
- Setting Up the Research Study
- Data Collection Techniques in Psychology
- Nonexperimental Research
- Qualitative Research Methods and Design
- Quasi-Experimental Research
- Sampling and Generalization
- Measurement in Research
- Internal Validity in Research
- External Validity
- Experimental Design
- Descriptive Statistics in Psychology
- Inferential Statistics in Psychology
- Evaluating Research Findings
- Studying for Psychology 105