About This Chapter
Principles of Social Organization - Chapter Summary
In these lessons, you'll review the principles of social organization, including different types of family and kin relationships. This chapter also covers the choosing of a mate, courtship, marriage and childbearing. Once you finish these lessons, you should be ready to:
- Outline the advantages and disadvantages of a nuclear family
- Detail the different types of kinship, including lineal, affinal and collateral
- Differentiate between unilateral and bilateral descent
- Explain patrilineal and matrilineal descent systems
- Discuss genealogical kin types and related terminology
- Define endogamy, exogamy and incest
- Identify the theories associated with social stratification
We've made the lessons in this chapter accessible to you 24 hours a day on your mobile device or computer so you're free to study at the times that work best for you. Each one of our short lessons is followed by a multiple-choice quiz that makes an excellent preparatory exercise ahead of a test. Feel free to skip ahead or go back to a specific part of any video lesson using the video tabs feature in the Timeline.
1. Mate Choice, Courtship, Marriage & Childbearing
In this lesson, you will explore the social and evolutionary process of starting a family and discover how cultural values and expectations affect this system. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Types of Family & Kin Relationships
In this lesson, you will explore several types of family and kinship relationships that are used across the world and across time. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
3. Nuclear Family: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
There are many types of families in the world. A common one is the nuclear family. Explore what it means to belong to a nuclear family system. Learn the advantages and disadvantages to this particular family structure.
4. Kinship Types: Lineal, Collateral & Affinal Kin
This lesson will seek to explain kinship variation that occurs around the globe. In doing so, it will highlight the terms lineal kin, collateral kin, and affinal kin.
5. Unilateral vs. Bilateral Descent: Definition & Variations
The lesson will seek to explain the different systems of family descent found around the globe. In doing so, it will define unilateral, bilateral, and ambilineal descent.
6. Matrilineal & Patrilineal Descent Systems
This lesson explores the differences between matrilineal and patrilineal descent systems. You'll also learn about unilineal descent and the concept of clans.
7. Genealogical Kin Types & Terminology
This lesson will seek to explain the different kinship systems that exist in the non-industrialized world. In doing so, it will highlight the concepts of clans, as well as phratries and moieties.
8. Incest, Endogamy & Exogamy: Definition & Examples
This lesson will seek to explain the different rules that govern the institution of marriage found across our world. In doing so, it will highlight the incest taboo, as well as the rules of exogamy and endogamy.
9. Social Stratification: Definition, Theories & Examples
Social stratification refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. Let's examine some of the theories surrounding this concept.
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Other chapters within the DSST General Anthropology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Fundamental Concepts in Anthropology
- Anthropological Perspectives
- Influences on Gender, Race & Culture
- Physical Anthropology Fundamentals
- Basic Principles in Archaeology
- Cultural Systems & Processes
- Principles of Language & Communication
- Economic & Political Organization
- Fundamentals of Religious Studies
- Modernization & the Future of Anthropology