About This Chapter
Standard: With some guidance and support from peers and adults, students develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed.
About This Chapter
When they have mastered this standard, students in the 8th-grade will know how to use feedback from both adults and peers to edit and rewrite their essays. Mastery includes determining if the purpose of the essay has been achieved and if they have connected with their audience.
The lessons will cover concepts in:
- Editing and improving essay content
- The five most common sentence errors, including apostrophe use, missing commas, preposition issues, tense shifts and wrong words
- Proofreading for spelling and grammar, including tips for final checks and essay aesthetics
- Peer editing
- Evaluating if the essay audience and purpose has been addressed
Students demonstrate mastery of this standard by using constructive and supportive criticism to edit and improve the quality of their writing. They are able to use critical thinking and writing skills to engage in content-based editing, and fix grammar and spelling errors. Students are also able to edit the work of their peers in a kind and supportive manner.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Common Sentence Error Lesson
As a homework assignment, students will watch the common sentence error lesson, and try to find the common mistakes in a teacher-prepared writing sample. Follow up with an in-class presentation, where students can find out how successful they were in discovering the errors.
Watch the proofreading lesson in class, and provide students with a print-based key to common proofreading symbols. For homework, have students proofread and correct a pre-selected writing sample, including rewriting as necessary for grammatical correctness. Encourage students to bring in and share any samples of published work, such as books or newspaper articles, that may have grammar, punctuation or spelling errors.
Peer Editing Lesson
After watching the peer editing lesson, students will write a 5-paragraph essay on a topic of their choice for homework. Assign or allow students to choose partners, and edit and discuss each other's work in class.
1. How to Edit and Improve Essay Content
Going back through an essay that you've written in order to make substantive content improvements can be a daunting task. Fortunately, there are some basic principles that you can apply to whip your essay into shape.
2. Writing Revision: How to Fix Mistakes in Your Writing
Writing is an important skill, but revising your writing is also. In this lesson, learn the basics of self-editing, including editing for content and for mechanics, such as grammar and misspellings.
3. How to Proofread an Essay for Spelling and Grammar
Proofreading is the last step in revising an essay - don't skip it! A single typo can sometimes ruin the hard work of an entire paper. This lesson will help you find the right proofreading strategy for you.
4. Peer Editing Essays: How to Help Another Student with Writing
After writing an essay, your teacher asks you to switch papers with another student and do a peer review. What do you do? What do you look for? How do you help that student improve his paper? This video lesson will answer those questions and give you tips on how to complete a thorough peer review.
5. How to Determine if Your Essay Addresses its Purpose
Have you ever written an essay, but had no idea if you actually accomplished your goal? In this lesson you will get several tips on how to know if you actually achieved the purpose of your essay.
6. How to Determine if Your Essay Addresses its Audience
You have written an essay, but are unsure if it is appropriate for your audience. Watch this video lesson to learn how to identify your audience and verify that your essay addresses the correct audience.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA Grade 8 - Writing: Standards course
- Writing Arguments: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.1
- Writing Informative Texts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.2
- Writing Narratives: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.3
- Writing Development, Organization & Style: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.4
- Conducting Research: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.7
- Finding & Citing Sources: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.8
- Analyze Texts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.9
- Writing Practice: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.10