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Ch 6: RNA Viruses

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons, and learn about the different aspects of various viral infections, like the stomach flu, HIV and rabies. Take the quizzes that follow each lesson to test your growing understanding of these concepts.

RNA Viruses - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

You probably know what a virus is and how it can affect your body. Who hasn't had a cold caused by a virus? Do you know that some viruses are classified as RNA viruses? These viruses have RNA in their genetic makeup, thus earning them their name. RNA viruses are the focus of this chapter. Lessons will cover the transmission, structure and life cycles of RNA viruses. Some of the viruses that are covered include:

  • Bloody fever
  • California encephalitis
  • Hepatitis E
  • SARS
  • Ebola virus
  • Measles

VideoObjective
Lassa Virus and Bloody Fever: Arenaviridae Structure, Disease, and Transmission Study the structure, mode of transmission and diseases associated with the Arenaviridae family of viruses.
Gastrointestinal Infection by the Astroviridae Virus Family Learn about viral gastroenteritis, astrovirus and viral diarrhea, which are part of the Astroviridae virus family.
Californian Brain Inflammation: Bunyaviridae Structure, Transmission, and Disease Take a look at viruses in the Bunyaviridae family.
The Stomach Flu, Hepatitis E, and the Viruses of the Caliciviridae Virus Family Find out about viruses that include Norwalk virus, calicivirus and hepatitis E.
SARS: Diseases and Viruses of the Coronaviridae Virus Family Discover more about SARS and severe acute respiratory syndrome.
The Ebola Virus and other Deadly Filoviridae Viruses Examine Filoviridae viruses, like Ebola virus, Marburg virus and cuevavirus.
West Nile Virus, Yellow Fever, and Hepatitis C: The Flaviviridae Virus Family Study the Flaviviridae family of viruses, like yellow fever and hepatitis C.
The Orthomyxoviridae Virus Family: Influenza, Flu Shots, and More Learn about the structure, mode of transmission and diseases associated with the Orthomyxoviridae family of viruses.
Measles and Mumps: Disease of the Paramyxoviridae Virus Family Examine viruses that include measles, mumps, parainfluenza, RSV and pneumonia.
Polio, Foot and Mouth Disease, and Hepatitis A: The Picornaviridae Virus Family Explore diseases from this family, such as the common cold, polio, hand foot and mouth disease, rhinovirus and hepatitis A.
Blue Tongue Disease: Reoviridae Disease and Transmission Take a look at Reoviridae diseases.
HIV and AIDS: Mechanisms and Diseases of the Retroviridae Virus Family Find out about this family of viruses, which include HIV and AIDS.
Treatment Methodologies for HIV Study treatments for this virus and how they work.
Rabies and Fear of Water: Diseases of the Rhabdoviridae Virus Family Examine rabies, zoonotic, hydrophobia, post-exposure vaccination and vesicular stomatitis virus.
Rubella and German Measles: Diseases of the Togaviridae Virus Family Discover the virus family that includes equine encephalitis, rubella and German measles.
Other RNA Virus Families of Commercial and Zoonotic Importance Study the rare virus families that are based on RNA.

16 Lessons in Chapter 6: RNA Viruses
Lassa Virus and Bloody Fever: Arenaviridae Structure, Disease, and Transmission

1. Lassa Virus and Bloody Fever: Arenaviridae Structure, Disease, and Transmission

In this lesson, we'll delve into the Arenaviridae virus family, where we will explore all sorts of odd sounding names like the Lujo virus, Lassa virus, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus and plenty more!

Gastrointestinal Infection by the Astroviridae Virus Family

2. Gastrointestinal Infection by the Astroviridae Virus Family

This lesson will focus on something more commonly known as the stomach flu, its more technical name, and how it is spread. We'll also delve into some of the ways we can prevent the stomach flu from affecting us. Find out more as we look into viral gastroenteritis, chlorination, and serotypes.

Californian Brain Inflammation: Bunyaviridae Structure, Transmission, and Disease

3. Californian Brain Inflammation: Bunyaviridae Structure, Transmission, and Disease

Find out how dangerous mosquitoes and rats can be as we take a look at several viruses they carry that cause everything from encephalitis to shortness of breath. We'll explore Rift Valley Fever, California Encephalitis, Hantavirus and La Crosse Encephalitis.

The Stomach Flu & Viruses of the Caliciviridae Virus Family

4. The Stomach Flu & Viruses of the Caliciviridae Virus Family

In this lesson, you'll learn about the most common cause of the stomach flu. We'll venture into the Caliciviridae virus family, its famous viruses, such as the Norwalk virus, as well as the diseases they cause.

SARS: Diseases and Viruses of the Coronaviridae Virus Family

5. SARS: Diseases and Viruses of the Coronaviridae Virus Family

This lesson will delve into two of the most important members of the Coronaviridae virus family. One of the viruses in this family caused a worldwide panic not too long ago, through a condition called SARS, and the other one is causing a panic right now, through a condition called MERS.

The Ebola Virus and other Deadly Filoviridae Viruses

6. The Ebola Virus and other Deadly Filoviridae Viruses

This lesson will delve into some exotic but utterly deadly diseases attributed to viruses of the Filoviridae family. Find out what terrible things they cause as we explore the Ebola virus, the Marburg virus, petechiae, and ecchymoses.

West Nile Virus, Yellow Fever, and Hepatitis C: The Flaviviridae Virus Family

7. West Nile Virus, Yellow Fever, and Hepatitis C: The Flaviviridae Virus Family

This lesson will delve into some well-known diseases and the viruses that cause them. We'll take a look at the West Nile virus, dengue fever, yellow fever, hepatitis C, and something called icterus.

The Orthomyxoviridae Virus Family:  Influenza, Flu Shots, and More

8. The Orthomyxoviridae Virus Family: Influenza, Flu Shots, and More

When it's cold season, you'd be smart to get a flu shot. This lesson will delve into influenza pandemics, epidemics, the bird flu, the swine flu, hemagglutinin, neuraminidase, and much more as we explore the members of the Orthomyxoviridae virus family.

Measles and Mumps: Disease of the Paramyxoviridae Virus Family

9. Measles and Mumps: Disease of the Paramyxoviridae Virus Family

This lesson will teach you about the viruses of the Paramyxoviridae family and the diseases they cause. We'll delve into measles, mumps, human parainfluenza, and the respiratory syncytial virus.

Polio, Foot and Mouth Disease, and Hepatitis A: The Picornaviridae Virus Family

10. Polio, Foot and Mouth Disease, and Hepatitis A: The Picornaviridae Virus Family

Learn about some of the most famous diseases known to humankind in this lesson, including the common cold, polio, foot and mouth disease, and hepatitis A among others, as we explore the Picornaviridae virus family.

The Reoviridae Virus Family: Structure, Transmission, and Disease

11. The Reoviridae Virus Family: Structure, Transmission, and Disease

In this lesson, we'll delve into the number one cause of severe diarrhea in children, a weird-sounding disease called bluetongue disease, and something known as the Colorado tick fever virus as we explore the viruses and disease of the Reoviridae virus family.

HIV and AIDS: Mechanisms and Diseases of the Retroviridae Virus Family

12. HIV and AIDS: Mechanisms and Diseases of the Retroviridae Virus Family

Learn about one of the most famous viruses in the world: HIV. We'll also delve into a condition you've almost certainly heard of: AIDS. Finally, we'll discuss the mechanisms of how viruses in this family cause so much damage and if there's anything you can do about it.

Treatment Methodologies for HIV

13. Treatment Methodologies for HIV

This lesson will delve into the basics of HIV therapy. You will learn about cocktails, protease inhibitors and reverse transcriptase inhibitors, as well as how they work and how they are used.

Rabies and Fear of Water: Diseases of the Rhabdoviridae Virus Family

14. Rabies and Fear of Water: Diseases of the Rhabdoviridae Virus Family

Learn about why some people are afraid of water when they are infected by a virus. This and much more will be covered in this lesson on the Rhabdoviridae virus family, its structure and its mode of transmission.

Rubella and German Measles: Diseases of the Togaviridae Virus Family

15. Rubella and German Measles: Diseases of the Togaviridae Virus Family

In this lesson, you will learn about German measles, rubella, and three closely related viruses called Eastern equine encephalitis, Western equine encephalitis, and Venezuelan equine encephalitis, as well as their serious consequences.

Other RNA Virus Families of Importance

16. Other RNA Virus Families of Importance

This lesson will cover an important historical discovery in the history of viruses, hepatitis E, and how RNA viruses can affect your dinner plate. We'll explore the Birnaviridae, Hepeviridae, and Virgaviridae virus families.

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