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Ch 13: Roman Culture & Society

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons and discover the influential aspects of Roman culture and society, including engineering, art and philosophy. By taking self-assessment quizzes at the end of each lesson, you can verify your understanding of the chapter material.

Roman Culture & Society - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

You've likely heard stories about Roman gods and goddesses, but there's so much more to Roman culture and society than mythology. The lessons in this chapter will teach you about Roman religion and philosophy as well as art and architecture. By the time you complete all the video lessons, you'll have knowledge on topics such as:

  • What architectural styles were used in Rome
  • How the Greeks influenced Roman mythology
  • What stoicism is
  • What styles and qualities define Roman art
  • Who Cicero was
  • What the theories of Lucretius were

VideoObjective
Roman Engineering and ArchitectureDiscover Roman engineering advancements and the characteristics of Roman architecture.
Roman Myths and ReligionFind out about Roman gods and the influence of Greek culture.
Roman Art: History, Characteristics & StyleLearn about mosaics, portrait sculptures and other forms of Roman art.
Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral PhilosophyExplore Roman morality and learn about important Stoic philosophers.
Atomism: Natural Philosophy and LucretiusGet details on the theories of Lucretius and why atomism was controversial among Romans.
Cicero: History & PhilosophyExamine Cicero's life, philosophical beliefs and legacy.

6 Lessons in Chapter 13: Roman Culture & Society
Roman Engineering and Architecture

1. Roman Engineering and Architecture

This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.

Roman Myths and Religion

2. Roman Myths and Religion

This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.

Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style

3. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style

This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.

Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy

4. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy

This lesson looks at Roman moral philosophy, beginning with the unwritten laws and customs governing Roman social life. Then, we follow the introduction of Stoic philosophy to Rome. Finally, we take a look at some of Rome's greatest stoic philosophers.

Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius

5. Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius

This lesson will discuss the theories of the Roman philosopher, Lucretius. As it focuses on Lucretius and his works, it will highlight his belief in atomism and his famous poem, 'On the Nature of Things.'

Cicero: History & Philosophy

6. Cicero: History & Philosophy

This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.

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