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Ch 3: SAT Subject Test Literature: Figurative Language in Literature

About This Chapter

Review the different kinds of figurative language commonly used in literature to prepare you for the SAT subject exam in literature. Video lessons and quizzes incorporate all of the elements of this section in a simple and clear manner.

SAT Literature: Figurative Language in Literature - Chapter Summary

'Figurative language' is a broad term that encompasses a variety of writing techniques and literary devices that commonly appear in English-language writing, including everything from metaphors to dramatic irony. Use our video lessons to help you understand what the different elements of figurative speech/writing are and how they're used in literature. This chapter includes the following lessons:

  • Analogy
  • Hyperbole
  • Alliteration
  • What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types
  • Types of Point of View: Limited, Objective, & Omniscient Narration
  • Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples
  • Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions
  • Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples
  • Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples
  • What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions
  • What is a Simile? - Examples, Definitions & Types
  • Active and Passive Voice
  • How to Write with Good Diction to Develop Style, Tone & Point of View

Along with clear, easy-to-understand lessons, you'll also be presented with handy tools such as self-assessment quizzes that let you track how well you're learning the material as you go.

SAT Literature Objectives

For this exam, you'll have to have a good grasp of the literary subjects ordinarily taught in high schools. Three chronological periods are covered: the Renaissance to the 17th century, the 18th and 19th centuries, and the 20th century. It's less important for you to be familiar with the historical context of the passages used on the exam and more important for you to focus on comprehension. Passages may represent literature from Great Britain, from the U.S., or from English-speaking writers from outside these areas. You'll be asked to answer multiple-choice questions about 6-8 sets of passages.

About 40%-50% of the total exam pertains to prose passages, including excerpts from essays and fiction. An additional 40%-50% pertains to poetry, and up to ten percent covers drama and other literary topics. In all, there are approximately 60 multiple-choice questions.

10 Lessons in Chapter 3: SAT Subject Test Literature: Figurative Language in Literature
What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types

1. What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types

Metaphors are all around you. They're the bright sparkling lights that turn plain evergreens into Christmas trees. Learn how to spot them, why writers write with them, and how to use them yourself right here.

Narrators in Literature: Types and Definitions

2. Narrators in Literature: Types and Definitions

Learn how point of view, or the angle from which a story is told, impacts the narrative voice of a work of literature. Explore, through examples, how point of view can be limited, objective, or omniscient.

Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples

3. Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples

Allusions and illusions have little in common besides the fact that they sound similar. Learn the difference between the two and how allusions are an important part of literature and writing - and how to spot them in text.

Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions

4. Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions

Discover, once and for all, what irony is and is not. Explore three types of irony: verbal, situational and dramatic, and learn about some famous and everyday examples.

Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples

5. Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples

Learn about cliches, paradoxes, and equivocations, and how they can weaken or strengthen certain types of writing. Explore examples of all three from literature and daily life.

Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples

6. Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples

In this lesson, explore how writers use personification to give human characteristics to objects, ideas, and animals. Learn about apostrophe, or when characters speak to objects, ideas, and even imaginary people as if they were also characters.

What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions

7. What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions

Learn about how authors use foreshadowing, both subtle and direct, as part of their storytelling process. Explore many examples of foreshadowing, from classical plays to contemporary stories.

Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples

8. Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples

Explore the simile and how, through comparison, it is used as a shorthand to say many things at once. Learn the difference between similes and metaphors, along with many examples of both.

Active and Passive Voice

9. Active and Passive Voice

No one likes a passive person, so why should you write in the passive voice? You may have heard your teachers toss around the terms 'passive voice' and 'active voice' You may have even been told not write in the former. But if you've never really understood what it means to write actively or passively, stick with us -- and learn how to turn to cludgy passive sentences into bright, active ones.

How to Write With Good Diction to Develop Style, Tone & Point-of-View

10. How to Write With Good Diction to Develop Style, Tone & Point-of-View

Developing a good writing style starts with developing good diction. You can't craft an essay or story the way you want without being able to choose the right words first. Here's how.

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