About This Chapter
Sentence Structure: Understanding Grammar - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Putting together a good sentence involves understanding all the nuisances of English grammar. That is often easier said than done. This is especially true if you don't really understand the parts of a sentence. Do you know when to use who instead of whom? Do you know what a direct object is? What's parallel sentence structure, and why is it important? If you can't answer these questions, then this chapter will help you. In this chapter, you will learn about concepts that include:
- Dependent clauses
- Comma splices
- Point of view
- Subject-verb agreement
- Parallel sentences
|Understanding Independent and Dependent Clauses, Subordination and Coordination||Take a look at clauses and understanding the meaning of independent, dependent, subordination and coordination.|
|Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences||Study these errors in understanding where sentences end.|
|How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence||Learn how to identify the subject of a sentence.|
|Selecting Subject & Object Pronouns: Rules & Examples||Find out how to use personal pronouns.|
|Point of View: First, Second & Third Person||Examine how to identify the point of view in a piece.|
|Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns||Analyze the exceptions to singular/plural rules.|
|Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement||See how to ensure your subjects and verbs agree.|
|Complex Subject-Verb Agreement: Inverted Order, Compound Subjects & Interrupting Phrases||Examine problems with subject-verb agreement.|
|Conjunctions: Coordinating & Correlative||Find out how to choose the correct conjunction to combine sentences.|
|Combining Dependent & Independent Clauses||Learn the correct ways to combine clauses.|
|Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences||Take a look at how to identify parallel sentences.|
|Sentence Structure: Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences||Examine how to avoid mixed structures in your sentences.|
|Who, Whom, Whose, and Who's||Learn the correct way to use who, whom, whose and who's.|
|Gerunds: Are they verbs? Are they nouns?||Study gerunds to learn what they are and how they are used.|
|Direct and Indirect Objects||Discover the difference in direct and indirect objects.|
1. Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination
This lesson is about independent and dependent clauses, and how they make up a sentence. Dependent clauses, like the name suggests, rely on other elements in a sentence. Independent clauses, on the other hand, can stand alone. Learn more in this lesson.
2. Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences
Sentence fragments, comma splices, and run-on sentences are grammatical and stylistic bugs that can seriously derail an otherwise polished academic paper. Learn how to identify and eliminate these errors in your own writing here.
3. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence
Don't pass over this lesson! You may think you know how to find subjects and verbs in a sentence, but picking them out can be harder than you think. Identifying subjects and verbs is the first step to unlocking nearly everything else about English composition.
4. Selecting Subject & Object Pronouns: Rules & Examples
Discover the difference and usefulness of two different types of pronouns. Learn how to use subject pronouns and object pronouns effectively in writing.
5. Point of View: First, Second & Third Person
Just who is telling this story? In this lesson, we'll look at point of view, or the perspective from which a work is told. We'll review first person, second person and third person points of view.
6. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement
Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.
7. Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns
Subject-verb agreement is a tricky beast. Learn which uncommon singular and plural nouns and pronouns are most likely to trip you up when trying to craft essays with good grammar.
8. Complex Subject-Verb Agreement: Inverted Order, Compound Subjects & Interrupting Phrases
Learn how subject-verb agreement is essential to written language. Three common problems with subject-verb agreement are discussed with tips for avoiding the most common errors.
9. Conjunctions: Coordinating & Correlative
Conjunctions are parts of speech that join together other words, phrases and clauses in sentences. Learn all about two types of conjunctions - coordinating and correlative - in this lesson.
10. Combining Dependent & Independent Clauses
Clauses are a great mystery to many people when dealing with our written language. Watch this video lesson to discover clauses and also to learn how to combine clauses correctly.
11. Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences
Sentences that aren't parallel sound funny, even if they look perfectly correct at first glance. Learn what makes a sentence parallel, how to revise a sentence to make it parallel, and how to write beautiful, balanced sentences of your own.
12. Sentence Structure: Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences
A mixed structure sentence is a common error that occurs when a writer starts a sentence with one structure but switches to a different structure in the middle of the sentence. This video will teach you how to spot and avoid this type of error.
13. Who, Whom, Whose & Who's
Many people misuse 'who', 'whom,' 'whose' and 'who's.' Watch this video lesson to not only learn the difference between these confusing words but also how to use each one correctly.
14. Gerunds: Are They Verbs? Are They Nouns?
Take a closer look at the verbs and nouns we use in everyday language to help you understand gerunds. Watch this video lesson to learn the exact nature of gerunds and their purpose in writing.
15. The Difference Between Direct & Indirect Objects in Sentence Structure
Mixing up direct and indirect objects could drastically affect sentence structure. Watch this video lesson to finally learn how to differentiate between direct and indirect objects and also how to use each correctly.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Comprehensive English: Overview & Practice course
- Sentence Structure: Elements of Grammar
- Essay Basics: Types of Essay
- Essay Basics: Writing an Essay
- Writing Mechanics
- The Writing Process: Development & Planning
- The Writing Process: Writing & Structuring an Essay
- The Writing Process: Revision & Improving Your Essay
- Reading and Understanding Essays: Help & Tutorial
- Interpreting Theme & Meaning
- Figurative Language
- Examples of Literary Analysis