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Ch 2: Sentence Structure: Understanding Grammar

About This Chapter

Watch online video lessons and take self-assessment quizzes to learn about the different aspects of sentence structure. These video lessons are short and engaging and make learning easy!

Sentence Structure: Understanding Grammar - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Putting together a good sentence involves understanding all the nuisances of English grammar. That is often easier said than done. This is especially true if you don't really understand the parts of a sentence. Do you know when to use who instead of whom? Do you know what a direct object is? What's parallel sentence structure, and why is it important? If you can't answer these questions, then this chapter will help you. In this chapter, you will learn about concepts that include:

  • Dependent clauses
  • Comma splices
  • Point of view
  • Subject-verb agreement
  • Parallel sentences
  • Gerunds

VideoObjective
Understanding Independent and Dependent Clauses, Subordination and Coordination Take a look at clauses and understanding the meaning of independent, dependent, subordination and coordination.
Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences Study these errors in understanding where sentences end.
How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence Learn how to identify the subject of a sentence.
Selecting Subject & Object Pronouns: Rules & Examples Find out how to use personal pronouns.
Point of View: First, Second & Third Person Examine how to identify the point of view in a piece.
Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns Analyze the exceptions to singular/plural rules.
Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement See how to ensure your subjects and verbs agree.
Complex Subject-Verb Agreement: Inverted Order, Compound Subjects & Interrupting Phrases Examine problems with subject-verb agreement.
Conjunctions: Coordinating & Correlative Find out how to choose the correct conjunction to combine sentences.
Combining Dependent & Independent Clauses Learn the correct ways to combine clauses.
Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences Take a look at how to identify parallel sentences.
Sentence Structure: Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences Examine how to avoid mixed structures in your sentences.
Who, Whom, Whose, and Who's Learn the correct way to use who, whom, whose and who's.
Gerunds: Are they verbs? Are they nouns? Study gerunds to learn what they are and how they are used.
Direct and Indirect Objects Discover the difference in direct and indirect objects.

15 Lessons in Chapter 2: Sentence Structure: Understanding Grammar
Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination

1. Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination

This lesson is about independent and dependent clauses, and how they make up a sentence. Dependent clauses, like the name suggests, rely on other elements in a sentence. Independent clauses, on the other hand, can stand alone. Learn more in this lesson.

Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences

2. Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences

Sentence fragments, comma splices, and run-on sentences are grammatical and stylistic bugs that can seriously derail an otherwise polished academic paper. Learn how to identify and eliminate these errors in your own writing here.

How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence

3. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence

Don't pass over this lesson! You may think you know how to find subjects and verbs in a sentence, but picking them out can be harder than you think. Identifying subjects and verbs is the first step to unlocking nearly everything else about English composition.

Selecting Subject & Object Pronouns: Rules & Examples

4. Selecting Subject & Object Pronouns: Rules & Examples

Discover the difference and usefulness of two different types of pronouns. Learn how to use subject pronouns and object pronouns effectively in writing.

Point of View: First, Second & Third Person

5. Point of View: First, Second & Third Person

Just who is telling this story? In this lesson, we'll look at point of view, or the perspective from which a work is told. We'll review first person, second person and third person points of view.

Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement

6. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement

Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.

Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns

7. Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns

Subject-verb agreement is a tricky beast. Learn which uncommon singular and plural nouns and pronouns are most likely to trip you up when trying to craft essays with good grammar.

Complex Subject-Verb Agreement: Inverted Order, Compound Subjects & Interrupting Phrases

8. Complex Subject-Verb Agreement: Inverted Order, Compound Subjects & Interrupting Phrases

Learn how subject-verb agreement is essential to written language. Three common problems with subject-verb agreement are discussed with tips for avoiding the most common errors.

Conjunctions: Coordinating & Correlative

9. Conjunctions: Coordinating & Correlative

Conjunctions are parts of speech that join together other words, phrases and clauses in sentences. Learn all about two types of conjunctions - coordinating and correlative - in this lesson.

Combining Dependent & Independent Clauses

10. Combining Dependent & Independent Clauses

Clauses are a great mystery to many people when dealing with our written language. Watch this video lesson to discover clauses and also to learn how to combine clauses correctly.

Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences

11. Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences

Sentences that aren't parallel sound funny, even if they look perfectly correct at first glance. Learn what makes a sentence parallel, how to revise a sentence to make it parallel, and how to write beautiful, balanced sentences of your own.

Sentence Structure: Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences

12. Sentence Structure: Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences

A mixed structure sentence is a common error that occurs when a writer starts a sentence with one structure but switches to a different structure in the middle of the sentence. This video will teach you how to spot and avoid this type of error.

Who, Whom, Whose & Who's

13. Who, Whom, Whose & Who's

Many people misuse 'who', 'whom,' 'whose' and 'who's.' Watch this video lesson to not only learn the difference between these confusing words but also how to use each one correctly.

Gerunds: Are They Verbs? Are They Nouns?

14. Gerunds: Are They Verbs? Are They Nouns?

Take a closer look at the verbs and nouns we use in everyday language to help you understand gerunds. Watch this video lesson to learn the exact nature of gerunds and their purpose in writing.

The Difference Between Direct & Indirect Objects in Sentence Structure

15. The Difference Between Direct & Indirect Objects in Sentence Structure

Mixing up direct and indirect objects could drastically affect sentence structure. Watch this video lesson to finally learn how to differentiate between direct and indirect objects and also how to use each correctly.

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