About This Chapter
Setting Up the Research Study - Chapter Summary and Objectives
The ability to conduct research can be paramount to an individual's success in a chosen field. This chapter on setting up a research study takes you step-by-step through the process, from selecting a research problem to formatting your report in American Psychological Association (APA) style. By the end of these video lessons, you should be able to do the following:
- Draft a strong research hypothesis
- Differentiate between inductive and deductive reasoning
- Define various types of research variables
- Differentiate between primary and secondary research
- Identify the parts of a research study, according to the APA
|Selecting a Problem to Research||Learn how to select a problem to research.|
|How to Choose a Research Method and Design||Discuss the process of choosing the right research methods and design to answer the problem under investigation.|
|Writing Research Questions: Purpose and Examples||Understand how to write a research question and explain the purpose of research questions in research studies.|
|Formulating the Research Hypothesis and Null Hypothesis||Learn about characteristics of a good hypothesis and explain how to draft a hypothesis and null hypothesis.|
|Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning: Differences and Examples||Explore the differences between induction and deduction.|
|Research Variables: Dependent, Independent, Control, Extraneous and Moderator||Define and discuss research variables, including dependent, independent, control, extraneous and moderator.|
|The Literature Review Process||Learn about the literature review process.|
|Primary and Secondary Research: Definition, Differences and Methods||Understand the difference between primary and secondary research.|
|Samples and Populations in Research: Definition||Define and discuss samples and populations.|
|Strategies for Choosing a Data Collection Technique||Learn how to choose the right data collection technique.|
|The Major Sections of a Research Study According to APA||Define and discuss the various sections of a research study, including descriptive title, abstract, introduction, methodology, results, discussion and references.|
|Published and Typed Reports: Differences and Examples||Understand the difference between published and typed versions of a report.|
1. Selecting a Problem to Research
This lesson explores the process, pitfalls, and requirements for selecting a good problem to research. There is a bit more to it than just having a good idea.
2. How to Choose a Research Method & Design
After a researcher has something they want to study, what is the process of figuring out how to study it? This lesson explores most of the elements involved in selecting and designing an experiment.
3. Writing Research Questions: Purpose & Examples
What is a research question, and why is it important to get it right? This lesson will explore one way to write a research question, which guides a researcher in designing his or her experiment.
4. Formulating the Research Hypothesis and Null Hypothesis
After figuring out what you want to study, what is the next step in designing a research experiment? You, the researcher, write a hypothesis and null hypothesis. This lesson explores the process and terminology used in writing a hypothesis and null hypothesis.
5. Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning: Differences & Examples
This lesson explores the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning in the form of psychological experiments. In addition to defining these terms, the lesson gives examples to explain how this reasoning is applied.
6. Research Variables: Dependent, Independent, Control, Extraneous & Moderator
This lesson explores the terminology of experimental design. What are variables? How do they influence each other? Is it possible that you are seeing connections that don't actually exist?
7. The Literature Review Process
Literature review is a process of looking at what research has been done in a specific field of study. In this lesson, we will explore how to work through the process of performing and writing a literature review.
8. Primary & Secondary Research: Definition, Differences & Methods
Differentiating between different types of research articles is useful when looking at what has already been done. In this lesson, we explore some of the different types of research articles out there and when they would be used.
9. Samples & Populations in Research: Definition
When planning an experiment, you will likely use groups of participants. This lesson explores the types of groups an experimenter can collect data from and the reason why there are different groups.
10. Strategies for Choosing a Data Collection Technique
After figuring out what you are going to study, you, as the researcher, will need to figure out how to study it. This lesson discusses popular ways a researcher can collect data as well as why a researcher would chose a particular data collection technique.
11. The Major Sections of a Research Study According to APA
This lesson explores how the American Psychological Association recommends research articles and projects be set up. Each section is sufficiently explained to increase familiarity with the pieces of a research article.
12. Published & Typed Reports: Differences & Examples
What is the process after you have completed your research? In this lesson, we will explore the differences between a finished piece of research and a published piece of research, why it is important, and the process of how it is accomplished.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 105: Research Methods in Psychology course
- Introduction to Research Methods
- Principles of Ethical Research
- Data Collection Techniques in Psychology
- Nonexperimental Research
- Qualitative Research Methods and Design
- Quasi-Experimental Research
- Sampling and Generalization
- Measurement in Research
- Internal Validity in Research
- External Validity
- Experimental Design
- Descriptive Statistics in Psychology
- Inferential Statistics in Psychology
- Evaluating Research Findings
- Studying for Psychology 105