About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering human anatomy and physiology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn human anatomy and physiology. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding bones or the skeletal system
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about the skeletal system
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Skeletal System chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Skeletal System chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any skeletal system question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answer to questions including:
- What are the functions of the skeletal system?
- What are the major bones of the skull?
- What are the bones of the face and what are their functions?
- Which bones make up the vertebral column and ribs?
- What are the functions of the bones in the arms and hands?
- How do the bones of the shoulder articulate with one another?
- What are the functions of the bones in the legs and feet?
- How is the pelvis structured and what are its functions?
- What is the structure and function of joints?
- How are joints classified by tissue type and movement?
1. The Skeletal System: Function and Terms
You'll learn about the two major divisions of our skeleton, the axial and appendicular skeleton, in this video lesson. In addition, you will find out how bone is formed, thanks to tiny little cells called osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and what the major parts of a long bone are.
2. Major Bones of the Skull: Names and Location
Your eyeballs, ear and brain all depend on skull bones to give them a place to live. These bones include the frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, sphenoid and ethmoid bone. Review these bones and their purposes in this lesson.
3. Bones of the Face: Names, Function & Location
In this lesson, learn which bones help you cry, breathe, eat and see as we review the maxilla, mandible, zygomatic, lacrimal, nasal, vomer and palatine bones of the face. Then, learn which bones are paired.
4. Bones of the Vertebral Column and Ribs: Definition and Function
Learn about the importance of your ribs, vertebrae, and sternum. If it wasn't for them, you wouldn't be alive. You'll also find out what strange sounding words like manubrium and xyphoid mean.
5. Bones of the Arm and Hand: Anatomy and Functions
The humerus isn't all that funny; it plays an important role in your body. Likewise, the radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals and phalanges are all important components of your arm, wrist and fingers.
6. Bones of the Shoulder: Anatomy and Functions
Did you know that your shoulder joint is made up of many different parts? In this lesson, you'll learn about the clavicle, scapula, glenoid cavity, and acromion, as well as some of their more common names.
7. Bones of the Leg and Foot: Names, Anatomy & Functions
Find out about the major bones which help you walk. We'll go over the femur, patella, fibula, tibia, tarsals, metatarsals, and something called the trochanter.
8. Bones of the Pelvis: Definition and Function
In this lesson, you will learn about your hips and the important structures involved in their formation. The ilium, ischium, pubis, acetabulum, pelvic cavity, and sacrum will all be covered.
9. Joints: Structure and Functions
Find out what part of your body is affected when you tear your meniscus, how synovial fluid is made, what the synovial membrane helps to comprise, what a joint is, and why a joint capsule is important.
10. Types of Joint Movement & Tissue Structure and Function
Find out how your joints are categorized. You'll learn about the synovial, cartilaginous, and fibrous joints as well as diarthrosis, synarthrosis, and amphiarthrosis.
11. Colles' Fractures: Definition, Treatment & Complications
A Colles' fracture is a type of broken bone near the wrist. It occurs in the radius bone of the forearm. Learn more about this type of fracture and take a short quiz to test what you have learned.
12. Spinal Accessory Nerve Injury: Treatment & Symptoms
In this lesson, we will learn about the cranial nerves, focusing on the spinal accessory nerve. We will also discuss how injury occurs to the spinal accessory nerve, including symptoms and treatment options.
13. Spinal Accessory Nerve: Function & Anatomy
In this lesson, we will explore the spinal accessory nerve. We'll look at where it is located and which muscles it stimulates, as well as what movements those muscles enable you to complete. Then you can test your new knowledge with a quiz.
14. The 14 Facial Bones: Anatomy & Functions
How many bones are in your face? One? Two? Ten? Amazingly, there are over twenty bones that make up the human skull, but only fourteen of these are facial bones. This lesson focuses on the fourteen facial bones, includes illustrations from an actual skeleton, and outlines the functions of these bones. A summary and brief quiz are also included.
15. The Eight Bones That Form the Cranium
This lesson teaches us about the eight bones of the human cranium. It includes discussion on cranial function, specific cranial bones, and bone fusing. Illustrations and a brief quiz are also included.
16. Types of Bone Cells
Bone cells work together to maintain and constantly reshape the skeleton as well as supply nutrients to your body. Read more about this amazing process, and then take a quiz to review what you have learned.
17. Anatomy of the Talus Bone
This lesson describes the location, function and structure of the talus bone. It helps to explain how the talus is vital to the structure of your ankle and how the talus links other bones together. When you're done with the lesson, don't forget to test your new knowledge of this key bone with a quiz.
18. Acetabulum: Definition, Anatomy & Fracture
This lesson will provide you with information regarding the coolest part of your hip joint, the acetabulum! After reading this lesson, you will know exactly what the function of acetabulum is and where it is located.
19. Dislocation: Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Dislocations are a very common injury. Please continue reading to learn the definition of a dislocation, causes, symptoms, and treatment of this injury.
20. Epicondyle: Definition & Fracture
An epicondyle is more than just a fancy name. It is a specialized part of some of the bones found in the human body. This lesson explains what an epicondyle is, what a fracture is, and how a fracture can occur to an epicondyle.
21. Epiphysis of Bone: Definition & Function
Bones are more than what they appear to be. They are a complex network of cells and landmarks that provide support and protection. In this lesson, learn the about the different types of bones, parts of a long bone, and the function of the epiphysis.
22. Foot Bunion: Symptoms & Treatment
Have you noticed some people have a bump at the base of their big toe, on the side of their foot? This swollen area is called a bunion. Read on to learn about the symptoms and treatment of bunions, a common foot condition.
23. Inversion Therapy: Definition, Benefits, & Safety Risks
This lesson will define inversion therapy and in what situations it is recommended. It will also describe the benefits of the treatment as well as the safety risks.
24. Nonunion Fracture: Definition & Treatment
Simply put, a nonunion fracture is a bone break that does not heal properly. Complete this lesson to learn more about this type of fracture, including what causes it and how it is treated.
25. Olecranon Bursitis: Definition & Treatment
Olecranon bursitis is a condition that affects the tip of the elbow and can make it look like there's a golf ball sticking out of it. Read this lesson to learn how this develops, what causes it, and how it is treated.
26. Open Fracture: Definition & Treatment
This lesson explores the definition and treatment of an injury called an open fracture. Once you've read this lesson, you'll better understand not only what an open fracture is but how it's caused and treated.
27. Osteoblast: Definition, Function & Differentiation
There are three types of cells in the human body that together build, maintain and remodel bone. Learn about the function and differentiation of one type - osteoblasts.
28. Osteoclast: Definition, Function & Formation
Bone is continually made and remodeled as we grow and age. In this lesson, you will learn about a cell that degrades and reabsorbs bone in response to changes in nutrition and physical activity.
29. Otosclerosis: Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
In this lesson, we'll learn about otosclerosis, a condition affecting hearing. Read more to find out what causes it, what the symptoms are, and how to treat otosclerosis.
30. Periosteum of Bone: Definition & Function
Periosteum is a very thin membrane that covers many of the bones in your body. It serves as protection as well as a channel for the blood supply and nutrients for bone tissue. In this lesson, you will learn exactly what periosteum is and the function that it serves in our skeletal system.
31. Scapula: Definition, Anatomy & Fractures
This lesson provides a basic introduction to the scapula and its importance for range of motion. It also discusses scapular fractures and the common medical techniques for proper healing.
32. Skeletal Traction: Types & Complications
In this lesson, you will learn about different types of skeletal traction. You will also learn about complications that can occur when a person is in skeletal traction.
33. Spinous Process: Function & Fracture Treatment
If you look at the term 'spinous process', hopefully you can guess that it is part of the anatomy of your spine. Continue to read this lesson to learn more about your spine, your spinous processes and how a fracture of the spinous process would be treated.
34. Subacromial Decompression: Surgery & Recovery
This lesson will describe subacromial decompression surgery and what it is used to treat. The length of time and proper techniques used for a rapid recovery will also be discussed.
35. What Is a Bone Marrow Biopsy? - Procedure, Recovery & Side Effects
After completing this lesson, you will have an understanding of what a bone marrow biopsy is and be able to describe the procedure, recovery process and side effects. A short quiz follows this lesson.
36. What Is a Bone Scan? - Definition, Uses & Side Effects
A bone scan is an imaging procedure used to look for abnormalities in the bones. Though radioactive material is used, the scan does not have many common side effects. Read this lesson to learn more about bone scans.
37. What Is Ankylosis? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
This lesson will define ankylosis and give two examples of the diseases associated with this disorder. It will also describe the symptoms associated with this type of disease as well as the treatment options available. A short quiz follows the lesson.
38. What Is Arthroscopy? - Definition, Procedure & Recovery
Although a very funny word, an arthroscopy is a very common and effective orthopedic surgery. The following lesson will highlight what an arthroscopy is, how it is performed, and anticipated recovery time.
39. What is Chondrosarcoma? - Symptoms & Treatment
Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer that affects the cartilage around the bones. Read this lesson to learn what the symptoms and treatment options are.
40. What Is Crepitus? - Definition & Treatment
In this lesson you will learn what the word crepitus means to the medical community. We will discuss what causes it, as well as learn about the various treatments that exist for this condition.
41. What Is Hallux Valgus? - Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Hallux valgus is the medical term used for a bunion. Read this lesson to learn what a bunion is, what causes one to form, and what the symptoms and potential treatment options are. Bunions affect many people, so keep reading!
42. What Is Hammertoe? - Definition & Treatment
It's hammertoe time! Learn what causes the toes to bend and stick in an unnatural position, as well as how to avoid it happening to you! Learn the treatment options and risk factors!
43. What Is Kyphosis? - Definition, Causes & Treatment
What is kyphosis? Who is most likely to develop kyphosis? Read this lesson to learn what part of your body is affected by kyphosis, the causes and symptoms of kyphosis, and how to treat it.
44. What Is Lordosis? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
Lordosis is excessive inward curvature, usually in the lower back. This positioning can put excess pressure on the spine and cause pain. Read this lesson to learn what causes lordosis, what the symptoms are, and how it's treated.
45. What Is Osteochondroma? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
Osteochondroma is a condition where a non-cancerous tumor grows from your bone tissue. These bone growths are typically found in pediatric patients. This lesson will discuss exactly what osteochondroma is, its symptoms, and treatment options available to patients who have this condition.
46. What Is Osteogenic Sarcoma? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
Osteogenic sarcoma is a type of cancer that primarily affects adolescents. Learn more about osteogenic sarcoma, symptoms and treatment options, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
47. What Is Osteosarcoma? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
What is an osteosarcoma? It's a form of a cancer, specifically a tumor that grows in the bone. Read this to learn the symptoms of an osteosarcoma, as well as how they are typically treated.
48. What Is Rhinoplasty Surgery? - Definition, Risks & Recovery
Rhinoplasty is a surgical procedure to correct some aspect of the nose! Not all rhinoplasty procedures are for cosmetic reasons, so read more to learn why someone might have nasal surgery, what the risks are, and the details on the recovery process.
49. What Is Scoliosis? - Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Scoliosis is a condition where the spine is curved rather than straight. Many people suffer from mild to severe scoliosis. Read this lesson to find out what causes it, what the symptoms are, and how to treat it.
50. What Is Subluxation? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
In this lesson, you'll find out exactly what a subluxation is, the symptoms associated with this condition and the subsequent treatment. Then test your knowledge on subluxations by taking a practice quiz.
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- Cardiovascular System: Help and Review
- Blood Vessels: Help and Review
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- Urinary System: Help and Review
- Endocrine System: Help and Review
- The Brain: Help and Review
- The Nervous System at the Cellular Level: Help and Review
- The Five Senses: Help and Review
- Muscular System: Help and Review
- Gross Anatomy of Muscular System: Help and Review
- Connective Tissue: Help and Review
- Anatomy and Physiology of Male and Female Reproductive Systems: Help and Review
- Early Development to Childbirth: Help and Review