Login

Ch 12: Social Institutions

About This Chapter

Watch online video lessons to learn about family life cycles, religious views, schooling theory and more. Each lesson is accompanied by a short multiple-choice quiz to help check your understanding of these social institutions topics.

Social Institutions - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Family units, religion, schooling and healthcare - all of these are examples of social institutions. These lessons will cover different ideas and concepts within each of these social institutions. You'll study things like family life stages and traditions. The lessons will introduce you to such ideas as religiosity, secularization and civil religion, as well as topics like tracking in schools and the controversy of profit motive in medicine. In addition, after completing these lessons, you will have learned about the following:

  • Family patterns (patrilocality, matrilocality and neolocality) and types of families, including single parenthood, adoption, cohabitation, GLBT relationships, polygamy and singlehood
  • Religious concepts, such as profane, sacred, ritual, faith, totem, church, sect and cult and the basic ideologies of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism
  • Weber's theory of the role of Protestantism in social change and the theory of liberation theology
  • Cultural differences in schooling theory in different countries, including the U.S., and the various functions of school - socialization, cultural innovation and integration
  • Differences in healthcare and medical issues in low-income vs. high-income countries
  • Health challenges in the U.S, such as smoking, eating disorders, obesity and STDs, and the different models of health care, including holistic medicine, socialized medicine, the direct-fee system and HMOs

16 Lessons in Chapter 12: Social Institutions
Family and Kinship: Patrilocality, Matrilocality & Neolocality

1. Family and Kinship: Patrilocality, Matrilocality & Neolocality

The family, as a social institution, is an extremely important subject of study for sociologists. In this lesson, we define family and kinship, and we discuss three different patterns of residency and systems of family lineage.

Family Life Stages and Traditions: Courtship, Marriage, Child Rearing & Aging

2. Family Life Stages and Traditions: Courtship, Marriage, Child Rearing & Aging

In this lesson, we discuss the four stages of traditional family life that sociologists study. Although the concept of family has changed with time, these four stages remain prominent in our culture.

What Is a Non-Traditional Family? - Definition of Options

3. What Is a Non-Traditional Family? - Definition of Options

Although traditional families once dominated many neighborhoods, today, there are lots of ways to form a family beyond the traditional idea of a married mother and father raising children.

Religious Views: Atheism, Agnosticism & Theism

4. Religious Views: Atheism, Agnosticism & Theism

Sociology of religion is a large branch of sociology. The different views on deities are studied as part of this topic. In this lesson, we compare and contrast the views of theism, atheism, and agnosticism.

Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions

5. Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions

Sociologists strive to study every aspect of religion in an objective way. In this lesson, we define religion and identify key concepts that are found in religion. We also discuss the difference between churches, sects, and cults.

Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity

6. Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity

In this lesson, we define monotheism and identify three significant monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. We also discuss the ideology of each of these three religions.

Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism

7. Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism

Not all religions focus on the belief (or disbelief) in a particular deity. In this lesson, we define nontheism and discuss the ideologies of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.

Religion and Social Change in Protestantism and Liberation Theology

8. Religion and Social Change in Protestantism and Liberation Theology

Religion can, at times, be a powerful agent for social change. In this lesson, we discuss two examples of the dichotomy between religion and the secular world, including Max Weber's book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, as well as the concept of liberation theology.

Religiosity, Secularization & Civil Religion: Applications on Individuals & Cultures

9. Religiosity, Secularization & Civil Religion: Applications on Individuals & Cultures

In this lesson, we define religiosity, secularization, and civil religion. We'll also discuss these concepts both on an individual and cultural scale.

Schooling: Cultural Differences in Schooling Theory

10. Schooling: Cultural Differences in Schooling Theory

The value of education and access to it is different across cultures. In this lesson, we discuss some of the differences in schooling between lower-income and higher-income nations. We also discuss the education system and cultural values of several countries.

Functions of School: Socialization, Cultural Innovation, Integration & Latent Functions

11. Functions of School: Socialization, Cultural Innovation, Integration & Latent Functions

Schools serve a number of functions in our society beyond just transmitting academic knowledge and skills. In this lesson, we differentiate between manifest and latent functions of schools and discuss examples of each.

School Controversies: Self-Fulfilling Prophecies and Tracking

12. School Controversies: Self-Fulfilling Prophecies and Tracking

In this lesson, we define self-fulfilling prophecies and tracking, two controversial elements of education today. We will also discuss the educational advantages and disadvantages of each element.

Economics and Health: Healthcare, Medical Issues & Income

13. Economics and Health: Healthcare, Medical Issues & Income

What is the relationship between economy and health? In this lesson, we discuss differences in healthcare and medical issues in low-income versus high-income countries. We also define social epidemiology and discuss the link between poverty and poor health.

Health Challenges in America: Smoking, Obesity, STDs & Eating Disorders

14. Health Challenges in America: Smoking, Obesity, STDs & Eating Disorders

Even as a high-income nation with a relatively long life expectancy, America faces a number of health challenges. In this lesson, we discuss the basic facts of smoking, eating disorders, obesity and STDs and how these challenges affect our nation.

Types of Health Care: HMOs, PPOs, Socialized Medicine & Direct-Fee System

15. Types of Health Care: HMOs, PPOs, Socialized Medicine & Direct-Fee System

In this lesson, we discuss health care as a social institution and how health care systems differ worldwide. We also discuss several different ways that health care is paid for by patients, organizations and government.

Social Constructions of Health: Sick Role, Physician's Role & Profit Motive in Medicine

16. Social Constructions of Health: Sick Role, Physician's Role & Profit Motive in Medicine

In this lesson, we discuss the theory of Talcott Parsons regarding the 'sick role' and the 'physician's role' as well as how society has constructed expectations for both. We also discuss the profit motive in medicine and why this is controversial.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support