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Ch 23: Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons on the significant social and cultural changes that occurred in Europe during the Medieval Warm Period. Each of the lessons in this chapter is accompanied by a short multiple-choice quiz to help check your comprehension of these important historical topics.

Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Starting around the year 950, the Medieval Warm Period sparked an agricultural revolution that had a drastic impact on Europe and led to advancements that changed civilization forever. By studying the lessons in this chapter, you'll learn about these major changes and the inventions that made them possible. You'll get details on topics like:

  • What agricultural technologies were created in the Medieval Warm Period
  • How the crossbow impacted the feudal system
  • What characteristics defined Romanesque art and architecture
  • What spurred urban growth and commerce around the 12th century
  • Why guilds developed during the High Middle Ages

VideoObjective
The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural TechnologiesExplore the role of a warmer climate and agricultural advancements in the medieval agricultural revolution.
The Return of the Crossbow and Its Implications for EuropeFind out why the reemergence of the crossbow threatened the medieval feudal system.
The Reemergence of Towns and CommerceSee what factors contributed to the urban revolution that occurred around the 12th century.
Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle AgesDiscover the structure of medieval guilds and how they benefited members.
Romanesque Art: History, Characteristics & StyleExamine religious and secular Romanesque art forms.
Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & HistoryLearn about towers, vaults and other Romanesque architectural developments.

6 Lessons in Chapter 23: Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period
The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural Technologies

1. The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural Technologies

In this lesson, we explore the factors that brought about Europe's Medieval Agricultural Revolution. We look at the climate of Europe and the key agricultural technologies and techniques that revolutionized agriculture: the heavy plow, the horse collar & the three field crop rotation system.

The Return of the Crossbow and its Implications for Europe

2. The Return of the Crossbow and its Implications for Europe

This lesson looks at the return of the crossbow to Medieval Europe. The relative cost of crossbows to armored knights is explored, as are the socioeconomic repercussions of each.

The Reemergence of Towns and Commerce

3. The Reemergence of Towns and Commerce

This lesson explores the urban revolution of the 12th century. We will examine the causes, especially the resurgence of trade, and then look at the various factors that made the revolution possible. Finally, we will discuss the impact of this revolution on Medieval Europe.

Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages

4. Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages

Medieval guilds provided standards for production and protected their members from oppression. This lesson explores why guilds developed in the High Middle Ages.

Romanesque Art: History, Characteristics & Style

5. Romanesque Art: History, Characteristics & Style

This lesson covers the explosion of Romanesque art in the 11th century. We briefly explore the causes behind this movement. Then we look at the two most notable forms of Romanesque art: sculptural decoration and stained glass windows. Finally, we examine the emergence of medieval secular art.

Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History

6. Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History

In this lesson we fly through the various characteristics of Romanesque architecture: the semicircular arch, various sorts of vaulting, heavier construction, and the addition of increasingly intricate exteriors incorporating towers, arcades, and decorative sculpture.

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