About This Chapter
States of Consciousness - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In this chapter, professional instructors teach you how awareness, or consciousness, develops as humans compare personal values with behavior. You'll get info on the different stages that take place while you're asleep and learn about how hypnosis and meditation create altered states of consciousness. At the end of this chapter you'll be familiar with:
- Automatic and deliberate behaviors
- Five stages of sleep
- Major theories about dreams
- Methods for reaching an altered state of consciousness
- Types of psychoactive drugs
|Intro to States of Consciousness||Discuss self-awareness and defines consciousness. Review related modern-day studies and describe the concept of altered states of consciousness.|
|Sleep Cycle||Examine circadian rhythms and the five stages that take place during sleep. Detail the process of rapid eye movement and define sleep disorders.|
|Why Do We Sleep and Dream?||Explain why sleep is an important component of human function and assess popular dream theories. Examine psychoanalytic theory, activation-synthesis theory and psychotherapeutic theory.|
|Hypnosis and Meditation||Describe two methods for reaching an altered state of consciousness without drugs. Explain how suggestion is used in hypnosis and find out about some key psychologists in this field.|
|Psychoactive Drugs||Identify the four primary psychoactive drugs and list examples of each. Discuss the effects that different drugs have on people.|
1. Intro to States of Consciousness
Consciousness is your awareness of how and why you react to your surroundings. As you watch this video, you may realize that you pass through multiple states of consciousness during any given day.
2. Sleep Cycle
What happens when you sleep? Why are dreams typically more intense as morning approaches? This lesson will guide you through the stages of the sleep cycle that make up a full night's rest.
3. Why Do We Sleep and Dream?
The exact functions of sleeping and dreaming are unknown, but psychologists have attempted to interpret what happens and why when we sleep. In this lesson, you'll explore the importance of sleep and some of the more famous theories regarding why we dream.
4. Hypnosis and Meditation
How can you reach an altered state of consciousness without drugs? Meditation and hypnosis are two techniques that can promote a relaxed state of mind. Watch this video to learn the difference between the two and their possible effects.
5. Psychoactive Drugs
How do psychoactive drugs alter cognitive states? In this lesson, you'll learn how these chemical compounds affect neurotransmitter functions as well as explore some factors that can affect the outcomes of drug use.
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