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Ch 8: Stereotypes, Prejudice, & Discrimination: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Stereotypes, Prejudice and Discrimination chapter of this Social Psychology Help and Review course is the simplest way to master these aspects of social psychology. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering social psychology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn social psychology. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding differences and preferences in relationship to stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning psychology (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra psychology learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about stereotypes, prejudice or discrimination. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in a stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination unit of a standard social psychology course. Topics covered include:

  • Sexism and patriarchy
  • Agency and communion
  • In-group heterogeneity and out-group homogeneity
  • Classroom prejudice and jigsaw groups
  • Aggression and catharsis

38 Lessons in Chapter 8: Stereotypes, Prejudice, & Discrimination: Help and Review
Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples

1. Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples

There are many different types of people in the world. What happens when one person thinks or feels a certain way about an entire group of people? Watch this lesson to find out about stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.

Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins

2. Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins

Why do some people dislike entire groups of people? What causes prejudice? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the theories about what makes people prejudiced, including scapegoat theory, authoritarian personality, and culture theory.

Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics

3. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics

You might think you know everything about the differences between boys and girls, but this lesson covers less commonly understood topics. After defining sex vs. gender, it covers less common sexual identities, such as intersexed and transgender individuals. In addition, theories on sexual orientation are covered, including both categorical and continuum perspectives of sexual interest.

Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms

4. Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms

This lesson provides a foundation for understanding sexism in various forms. First, patriarchy versus matriarchy is defined. Then, several different forms of sexism are outlined, including old-fashioned, modern, hostile, benevolent and ambivalent.

Gender Changes Over Time: Agency and Communion

5. Gender Changes Over Time: Agency and Communion

Gender stereotypes often rely on the ways people define themselves. In this lesson, we'll look at two ways of defining oneself. We'll also study why gender differences exist and how they change over time.

Ingroup vs. Outgroup: Definition and Explanation

6. Ingroup vs. Outgroup: Definition and Explanation

How do the groups we belong to influence the stereotypes we hold? In this lesson, we'll examine ingroups and outgroups and their effects on stereotypes.

How Self-Serving Attributions Maintain Stereotypes & Prejudice

7. How Self-Serving Attributions Maintain Stereotypes & Prejudice

Attributions are the reasons that we give for why a particular outcome occurred. What do they have to do with stereotypes and prejudice? This lesson answers that question, as well as explains different types of attributions.

Stereotype Threat: Definition & Examples

8. Stereotype Threat: Definition & Examples

What happens when someone is put in a situation where they might prove a stereotype correct? In this lesson, we'll review what stereotype threat is, what effects it can have on performance, and how to reduce it.

Stereotypes and Automatic & Controlled Information Processing

9. Stereotypes and Automatic & Controlled Information Processing

People process information in many different ways. In this lesson, we'll explore two ways of processing information, automatic and controlled, and how they relate to stereotypes and prejudice.

Contact Hypothesis: Definition, Limitations & Criteria for Successful Contact

10. Contact Hypothesis: Definition, Limitations & Criteria for Successful Contact

For many years, social psychologists have studied ways to reduce prejudice. In this lesson, we will review the contact hypothesis on how to reduce prejudice, examine the famous Robbers Cave experiment, and see what types of contact work best in the fight against prejudice.

Prejudice in the Classroom: Jigsaw Groups

11. Prejudice in the Classroom: Jigsaw Groups

Prejudice creeps into many parts of society, including classrooms. In this lesson, we'll look at how educators can set up classroom activities to reduce prejudice between students.

Realistic Conflict Theory and Discrimination: Definition & Examples

12. Realistic Conflict Theory and Discrimination: Definition & Examples

Why are people prejudiced against others? Under what circumstances are people most prejudiced? In this lesson, we will explore the realistic conflict theory of prejudice, which offers possible answers for why prejudice happens and when prejudice is highest.

Violence and the Media: How the Media Impacts Violence

13. Violence and the Media: How the Media Impacts Violence

For years, psychologists have studied the effect watching violent media has on people's behavior. In this lesson, we'll look at the link between media violence and real-life aggression and discover why watching violent TV might affect people's levels of aggression.

Catharsis and Aggression in Social Psychology: Definition & Examples

14. Catharsis and Aggression in Social Psychology: Definition & Examples

You might think that venting when you're angry helps you blow off steam. But, does aggression really lead to catharsis, or just to more aggression? In this lesson, we'll look at the link between catharsis and aggression, including a famous study on the effects of violence on aggressive feelings.

What Is Social Inequality in Sociology? - Definition, Effects & Causes

15. What Is Social Inequality in Sociology? - Definition, Effects & Causes

Social inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society. Let's examine some causes and effects of poverty and test our knowledge with a quiz.

The Deaf Community: History & Culture

16. The Deaf Community: History & Culture

Almost everyone has had a direct experience with a deaf person, either personally or in a public setting. Although deaf people were once shunned by the hearing world, many parts of the world now enjoy a thriving deaf community.

Stereotype Threat: Definition, Examples & Theories

17. Stereotype Threat: Definition, Examples & Theories

In this lesson, you will learn how anxiety about negative stereotypes concerning race and gender can sometimes prevent testers from scoring their highest. Use the quiz to test your knowledge on the subject matter.

Stereotyping in the Workplace: Definition, Examples & Effects

18. Stereotyping in the Workplace: Definition, Examples & Effects

In this lesson, you'll learn about stereotypes, or social assumptions, and how they're used in the workplace. Through real-life examples, you'll also explore positive and negative stereotypes, including how they succeed and fail.

Hostile Environment Harassment: Definition & Law

19. Hostile Environment Harassment: Definition & Law

Hostile work environment harassment is one of two types of sexual harassment. Learn more about a hostile work environment and its legal requirements from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.

Matthew Shepard: Story & Foundation

20. Matthew Shepard: Story & Foundation

In this lesson, we will look at the story of Matthew Shepard, a 21-year-old University of Wyoming student who was murdered by two men he met in a bar on October 6th, 1998. Because Matthew was gay, his murder was considered a hate crime and became the subject of controversy. We will also discuss Matthew's legacy, particularly the inclusion of sexual orientation in hate crime law and the Matthew Shepard Foundation.

Quid Pro Quo Harassment: Definition & Examples

21. Quid Pro Quo Harassment: Definition & Examples

Quid pro quo harassment is one of the most common types of sexual harassment. Learn more about quid pro quo from examples, and test your knowledge with a quiz.

Radical Feminism: Definition, Theory & Criticism

22. Radical Feminism: Definition, Theory & Criticism

The different branches of feminism were all controversial for their times, but none of them were as provocative with their theories and as extreme with their solutions as radical feminism. In this lesson, we will unpack the oftentimes fanatical and uncompromising ideals of radical feminism.

Realistic Conflict Theory: Definition & Example

23. Realistic Conflict Theory: Definition & Example

Realistic conflict theory is used to explain the conflict, negative prejudices, and discrimination that occur between groups of people who are in competition for the same resources. Learn more about realistic conflict theory from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.

Socialist Feminism: Definition & Overview

24. Socialist Feminism: Definition & Overview

In this lesson, we'll explore the women's rights movement and beliefs about gender inequality through the specific lens of socialist feminism, which was a part of the second wave of feminism. When you are through, test your understanding with a short quiz.

The Male Gaze: Definition & Theory

25. The Male Gaze: Definition & Theory

In this lesson, we will discuss the theory of the Male Gaze, its role in cinematography, and the message that it sends to women. Afterwards, you can test your newfound knowledge with a quiz!

Same Sex Marriage: Facts & Arguments

26. Same Sex Marriage: Facts & Arguments

In this lesson, learn interesting facts about same sex marriage as well as arguments for and against the topic. After the lesson, complete the quiz to see if you have what it takes to argue both sides of this controversial issue.

Sandra Bem: Gender Schema Theory & Androgyny Test

27. Sandra Bem: Gender Schema Theory & Androgyny Test

Dr. Sandra Bem (1944-2014) devised the gender schema theory to explain gender development and the Bem Sex Role Inventory to measure traits of masculinity, femininity, and androgyny. Learn more about her and her work in this lesson.

Gender Wage Gap: Definition & Statistics

28. Gender Wage Gap: Definition & Statistics

You've probably read lately that there's a difference between what men and women earn in today's workplace. Think you understand the gender wage gap? Read on to learn about what the gender wage gap is and what the numbers show about discrepancy in pay.

Xenophobia: Definition & Effects

29. Xenophobia: Definition & Effects

Xenophobia may sound like a groovy disco move, but it is a serious anxiety disorder. In this lesson, you'll learn about xenophobia, review its symptoms, and look at some treatment options.

Ableism: Definition & Examples

30. Ableism: Definition & Examples

Like racism and sexism, ableism is a form of discrimination against people. Unlike racism and sexism, ableism is sometimes invisible, as it has less to do with hating the disabled, and more to do with assumptions about normal ability status.

Androcentrism & the Androcentric Bias: Definition & Examples

31. Androcentrism & the Androcentric Bias: Definition & Examples

Did you know that Sigmund Freud's Oedipus complex is an example of androcentric bias? In this lesson, we'll discuss androcentrism and examples of androcentric bias.

The One-Drop Rule in American History

32. The One-Drop Rule in American History

In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of the one-drop rule and its specifications, and you'll be given its historical background in American history. Finally, you'll learn about the increasing diversity in the United States and the prevalence of the one-drop rule today.

The Theory of Yellow Peril

33. The Theory of Yellow Peril

The theory of yellow peril is a racial construct that has been used extensively in Western countries against Asians. Through this lesson, you will learn what defined yellow peril and explore some examples of it's use in the United States.

Gender Stereotypes in the Media

34. Gender Stereotypes in the Media

Gender stereotypes, like those portrayed in the media, have a powerful influence on how we express ourselves and understand others. Through this lesson, you will learn how to define these stereotypes and explore some examples of how they shape our social lives.

Missing White Woman Syndrome

35. Missing White Woman Syndrome

Missing white woman syndrome is a modern take on an old and very complicated concept in Western literature. Through this lesson, you will learn what defines the syndrome and explore the origins of the various pieces that have made it what it is today.

What is White Privilege? - Definition, Examples & Statistics

36. What is White Privilege? - Definition, Examples & Statistics

White privilege is a complicated and often controversial issue that has gained attention in recent years. Through this lesson, you will learn how to define white privilege and gain insight into how it operates in society and negatively affects the lives of racial minorities.

Downward Social Mobility: Definition & Factors

37. Downward Social Mobility: Definition & Factors

For various reasons, a person's social position can change dramatically over the course of their life. Through this lesson, you will explore the concept of downward social mobility and some factors that cause a person to lose their social position.

Upward Social Mobility: Definition & Factors

38. Upward Social Mobility: Definition & Factors

Everyone changes social position at some point in their lives, some in a more positive direction than others. Through this lesson, you will learn what defines upward social mobility and explore some of the factors through examples.

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