About This Chapter
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- Students who have fallen behind in understanding differences and preferences in relationship to stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination
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How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination unit of a standard social psychology course. Topics covered include:
- Sexism and patriarchy
- Agency and communion
- In-group heterogeneity and out-group homogeneity
- Classroom prejudice and jigsaw groups
- Aggression and catharsis
1. Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples
There are many different types of people in the world. What happens when one person thinks or feels a certain way about an entire group of people? Watch this lesson to find out about stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.
2. Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins
Why do some people dislike entire groups of people? What causes prejudice? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the theories about what makes people prejudiced, including scapegoat theory, authoritarian personality, and culture theory.
3. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics
You might think you know everything about the differences between boys and girls, but this lesson covers less commonly understood topics. After defining sex vs. gender, it covers less common sexual identities, such as intersexed and transgender individuals. In addition, theories on sexual orientation are covered, including both categorical and continuum perspectives of sexual interest.
4. Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms
This lesson provides a foundation for understanding sexism in various forms. First, patriarchy versus matriarchy is defined. Then, several different forms of sexism are outlined, including old-fashioned, modern, hostile, benevolent and ambivalent.
5. Gender Changes Over Time: Agency and Communion
Gender stereotypes often rely on the ways people define themselves. In this lesson, we'll look at two ways of defining oneself. We'll also study why gender differences exist and how they change over time.
6. Ingroup vs. Outgroup: Definition and Explanation
How do the groups we belong to influence the stereotypes we hold? In this lesson, we'll examine ingroups and outgroups and their effects on stereotypes.
7. How Self-Serving Attributions Maintain Stereotypes & Prejudice
Attributions are the reasons that we give for why a particular outcome occurred. What do they have to do with stereotypes and prejudice? This lesson answers that question, as well as explains different types of attributions.
8. Stereotype Threat: Definition & Examples
What happens when someone is put in a situation where they might prove a stereotype correct? In this lesson, we'll review what stereotype threat is, what effects it can have on performance, and how to reduce it.
9. Stereotypes and Automatic & Controlled Information Processing
People process information in many different ways. In this lesson, we'll explore two ways of processing information, automatic and controlled, and how they relate to stereotypes and prejudice.
10. Contact Hypothesis: Definition, Limitations & Criteria for Successful Contact
For many years, social psychologists have studied ways to reduce prejudice. In this lesson, we will review the contact hypothesis on how to reduce prejudice, examine the famous Robbers Cave experiment, and see what types of contact work best in the fight against prejudice.
11. Prejudice in the Classroom: Jigsaw Groups
Prejudice creeps into many parts of society, including classrooms. In this lesson, we'll look at how educators can set up classroom activities to reduce prejudice between students.
12. Realistic Conflict Theory and Discrimination: Definition & Examples
Why are people prejudiced against others? Under what circumstances are people most prejudiced? In this lesson, we will explore the realistic conflict theory of prejudice, which offers possible answers for why prejudice happens and when prejudice is highest.
13. Violence and the Media: How the Media Impacts Violence
For years, psychologists have studied the effect watching violent media has on people's behavior. In this lesson, we'll look at the link between media violence and real-life aggression and discover why watching violent TV might affect people's levels of aggression.
14. Catharsis and Aggression in Social Psychology: Definition & Examples
You might think that venting when you're angry helps you blow off steam. But, does aggression really lead to catharsis, or just to more aggression? In this lesson, we'll look at the link between catharsis and aggression, including a famous study on the effects of violence on aggressive feelings.
15. What Is Social Inequality in Sociology? - Definition, Effects & Causes
Social inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society. Let's examine some causes and effects of poverty and test our knowledge with a quiz.
16. The Deaf Community: History & Culture
Almost everyone has had a direct experience with a deaf person, either personally or in a public setting. Although deaf people were once shunned by the hearing world, many parts of the world now enjoy a thriving deaf community.
17. Stereotype Threat: Definition, Examples & Theories
In this lesson, you will learn how anxiety about negative stereotypes concerning race and gender can sometimes prevent testers from scoring their highest. Use the quiz to test your knowledge on the subject matter.
18. Stereotyping in the Workplace: Definition, Examples & Effects
In this lesson, you'll learn about stereotypes, or social assumptions, and how they're used in the workplace. Through real-life examples, you'll also explore positive and negative stereotypes, including how they succeed and fail.
19. Hostile Environment Harassment: Definition & Law
Hostile work environment harassment is one of two types of sexual harassment. Learn more about a hostile work environment and its legal requirements from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
20. Matthew Shepard: Story & Foundation
In this lesson, we will look at the story of Matthew Shepard, a 21-year-old University of Wyoming student who was murdered by two men he met in a bar on October 6th, 1998. Because Matthew was gay, his murder was considered a hate crime and became the subject of controversy. We will also discuss Matthew's legacy, particularly the inclusion of sexual orientation in hate crime law and the Matthew Shepard Foundation.
21. Quid Pro Quo Harassment: Definition & Examples
Quid pro quo harassment is one of the most common types of sexual harassment. Learn more about quid pro quo from examples, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
22. Radical Feminism: Definition, Theory & Criticism
The different branches of feminism were all controversial for their times, but none of them were as provocative with their theories and as extreme with their solutions as radical feminism. In this lesson, we will unpack the oftentimes fanatical and uncompromising ideals of radical feminism.
23. Realistic Conflict Theory: Definition & Example
Realistic conflict theory is used to explain the conflict, negative prejudices, and discrimination that occur between groups of people who are in competition for the same resources. Learn more about realistic conflict theory from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
24. Socialist Feminism: Definition & Overview
In this lesson, we'll explore the women's rights movement and beliefs about gender inequality through the specific lens of socialist feminism, which was a part of the second wave of feminism. When you are through, test your understanding with a short quiz.
25. The Male Gaze: Definition & Theory
In this lesson, we will discuss the theory of the Male Gaze, its role in cinematography, and the message that it sends to women. Afterwards, you can test your newfound knowledge with a quiz!
26. Same Sex Marriage: Facts & Arguments
In this lesson, learn interesting facts about same sex marriage as well as arguments for and against the topic. After the lesson, complete the quiz to see if you have what it takes to argue both sides of this controversial issue.
27. Sandra Bem: Gender Schema Theory & Androgyny Test
Dr. Sandra Bem (1944-2014) devised the gender schema theory to explain gender development and the Bem Sex Role Inventory to measure traits of masculinity, femininity, and androgyny. Learn more about her and her work in this lesson.
28. Gender Wage Gap: Definition & Statistics
You've probably read lately that there's a difference between what men and women earn in today's workplace. Think you understand the gender wage gap? Read on to learn about what the gender wage gap is and what the numbers show about discrepancy in pay.
29. Xenophobia: Definition & Effects
Xenophobia may sound like a groovy disco move, but it is a serious anxiety disorder. In this lesson, you'll learn about xenophobia, review its symptoms, and look at some treatment options.
30. Ableism: Definition & Examples
Like racism and sexism, ableism is a form of discrimination against people. Unlike racism and sexism, ableism is sometimes invisible, as it has less to do with hating the disabled, and more to do with assumptions about normal ability status.
31. Androcentrism & the Androcentric Bias: Definition & Examples
Did you know that Sigmund Freud's Oedipus complex is an example of androcentric bias? In this lesson, we'll discuss androcentrism and examples of androcentric bias.
32. The One-Drop Rule in American History
In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of the one-drop rule and its specifications, and you'll be given its historical background in American history. Finally, you'll learn about the increasing diversity in the United States and the prevalence of the one-drop rule today.
33. The Theory of Yellow Peril
The theory of yellow peril is a racial construct that has been used extensively in Western countries against Asians. Through this lesson, you will learn what defined yellow peril and explore some examples of it's use in the United States.
34. Gender Stereotypes in the Media
Gender stereotypes, like those portrayed in the media, have a powerful influence on how we express ourselves and understand others. Through this lesson, you will learn how to define these stereotypes and explore some examples of how they shape our social lives.
35. Missing White Woman Syndrome
Missing white woman syndrome is a modern take on an old and very complicated concept in Western literature. Through this lesson, you will learn what defines the syndrome and explore the origins of the various pieces that have made it what it is today.
36. What is White Privilege? - Definition, Examples & Statistics
White privilege is a complicated and often controversial issue that has gained attention in recent years. Through this lesson, you will learn how to define white privilege and gain insight into how it operates in society and negatively affects the lives of racial minorities.
37. Downward Social Mobility: Definition & Factors
For various reasons, a person's social position can change dramatically over the course of their life. Through this lesson, you will explore the concept of downward social mobility and some factors that cause a person to lose their social position.
38. Upward Social Mobility: Definition & Factors
Everyone changes social position at some point in their lives, some in a more positive direction than others. Through this lesson, you will learn what defines upward social mobility and explore some of the factors through examples.
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Other chapters within the Social Psychology: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Social Psychology: Help and Review
- Research Methods and Ethics: Help and Review
- Social Cognition & Perception: Help and Review
- The Self in a Social Context: Help and Review
- Attitudes and Persuasion: Help and Review
- Group Decisions: Help and Review
- Attraction & Close Relationships: Help and Review
- Applied Social Psychology: Help and Review