About This Chapter
Prehistory - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
How did human civilizations advance throughout the ages? This chapter can fill you in! Watch fun videos to learn about the major developments from the Stone Age to Bronze Age. Lessons explore the agricultural revolution, development of past hierarchical structures, empire creation, pastoralism and more. Included in this chapter are lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to assess your understanding of these concepts. If you need to review specific portions of the videos, use clickable timelines that allow you to revisit key topics. Topics in this chapter include:
- The last ice age and Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
- Mother goddess and mystery cults
- Population migrations, the Great Flood and the invention of cities
- Tools of empire creation
- Nomadic Pastoralism, horse people and the meaning of civilization
|The Last Ice Age: Thawing Ice and New Human Opportunities||Explore human opportunities that arose following the end of the last ice age.|
|Neolithic Agricultural Revolution: Causes and Implications||Review the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution along with its causes and consequences.|
|Development of Hierarchical Structures: Chiefs to Emperors in History||Study how hierarchal structures from chiefs to emperors developed historically.|
|Mystery Cults and the Early Mother Goddess||Discover why humans worshipped the mother goddess and formed mysterious cults.|
|The Great Flood and Population Migrations||Find out why the Great Flood appears in mythology, and examine population migrations.|
|Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented||Read about the formation of cities through agriculture, hierarchy and the end of the ice age.|
|Walls, Roads & Bronze: Tools of Empire Creation||Examine how walls, roads and bronze contributed to the creation of empires.|
|The Horse and Chariot: Tools of Empire Creation||Learn about the importance of the horse and chariot as tools of empire creation.|
|Horse People and Nomadic Pastoralism: What is Civilization?||Take a look at the interactions between people who participated in pastoralism using horses and individuals who preferred nomadic pastoralism.|
1. The Last Ice Age: Thawing Ice and New Human Opportunities
What is an ice age? How did the latest period of glaciation form our species? How has the abundance of this latest period of interglaciation changed our behavior? Watch this lesson to find out.
2. Neolithic Agricultural Revolution: Causes and Implications
A long, long time ago, human beings roamed the earth looking for food. Then the agricultural revolution struck! What are the benefits of an agrarian society, and how have they shaped the way we live today?
3. The Great Flood and Population Migrations
The Great Flood myth has been around for over eight millennia. Could it be more than a myth? What could have caused such a flood, and what effects has it had on humans?
4. Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented
In this video lesson, you'll meet Uruk, a lone farmer living in ancient Mesopotamia. As Uruk tries to become a successful farmer, he realizes the difficulties in sustaining a fruitful farm without the help of a community. Watch to understand how these difficulties contributed to the creation of villages and cities throughout history.
5. Horse People and Nomadic Pastoralism: What is Civilization?
This lecture examines the downsides and limits of settled agriculture and civilization. It then explores how 'civilized' forces are able to displace other systems. Horse people are introduced as a counterpoint to civilization and nomadic pastoralism as a successful alternative method of living. Finally it follows the conflict between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturalists throughout history.
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Other chapters within the History 101: Western Civilization I course
- History of Ancient Greece
- Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement
- The Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Dark Ages
- The Early Middle Ages
- The Medieval Warm Period
- The High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- The Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration
- The Reformation
- The Elizabethan Era
- Studying for History 101