About This Chapter
Study of Social Psychology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Other people can have wide-ranging effects on our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Social psychology seeks to study these effects. In this chapter, you'll explore famous experiments, like Milgram's obedience study and Asch's work with conformity, to see what psychologists have discovered about group interactions. You'll learn the definitions of attribution, altruism, and stereotypes and how these concepts work within the field of psychology. You'll see what the influence of other people can have on cognitive, behavioral, and emotional actions and reactions. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- The ways in which social groups can affect behavior
- Classic experiments in the field and their outcomes
- Why people become aggressive or altruistic
- What function stereotypes serve in society
|Intro to Social Psychology||Define social psychology and get an overview of the field.|
|Group Behavior||Learn about how groups can affect behavior, including reactions like social loafing and groupthink.|
|Attribution||Understand how attribution can change our view of a situation.|
|Attraction||Explore what makes people attractive via Robert Sternberg's triangular model of love.|
|Conformity||Learn about why people might conform and look at Solomon Asch's famous experiment on group conformity.|
|Obedience and Authority||Understand Stanley Milgram's notorious obedience experiment and what it showed about response to authority.|
|Attitudes||Explore the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional components of attitudes and the ways in which they are learned.|
|Altruism||Understand why we might decide to help others and the social influences that affect altruistic behavior.|
|Aggression||Learn about the origins of violent behavior, both biological and cultural.|
|Stereotypes||Explore why stereotypes are formed, what function they serve, and why this is linked to evolution.|
|Organizational Psychology||Learn about the scientific study of employees and workplaces.|
1. Intro to Social Psychology
What is social psychology and how is it used? This lesson offers an introduction to the social influences, as well as the group and individual behaviors, covered by this field.
2. Group Behavior
Do individuals behave differently in groups than they would on their own? How do group dynamics affect our decision-making skills? You'll learn about the benefits and potential pitfalls than can come from belonging to a group.
Do you attribute your success to your abilities and failure to outside forces? You'll explore possible ways of weighing personal responsibility and environmental factors when trying to determine what caused an outcome.
What makes people attractive? In this lesson, you'll start with physical attributes and look beyond to other factors that determine attraction. Get ready to explore the love triangle!
Why do we conform? How do factors like group size and social status affect the likelihood of conformity? In this lesson, you'll explore two types of conformity.
6. Obedience and Authority
What types of social situations make it more likely that we'll obey authority? You'll observe Milgram's electric shock experiment and what it revealed about the relationship between obedience and authority.
Have you ever wondered how your attitudes are formed and how they affect your behavior? In this lesson, we'll take a look at some of the internal and external factors that form our attitudes and how our behavior can be affected or changed by various influences.
8. The Halo Effect: How Traits Affect Our Judgment
Have you ever noticed that someone who is really nice seems to be prettier? Or that someone who isn't so nice doesn't look so hot? In this lesson, we'll examine the halo effect, examples of where it can be seen in real life, and its opposite: the devil effect.
Why do we help others, and when do we decide not to help others? In this lesson, you'll take a look at the biological and social motivation behind altruism.
What roles do nature and nurture play in aggressive tendencies? You'll explore origins of aggression and how acceptance of this behavior may differ among societies.
Stereotyping is something we do daily, even if we don't realize it. By classifying groups of people, we can better understand the world around us, although prejudice may be a result. In this lesson, we'll watch Amy categorize strangers she sees on a bus and determine the reasons why humans tend to stereotype.
12. What Is Organizational Psychology?
Want a career that involves working with people and also businesses? Organizational psychology deals with the intersection of people and business. In this lesson, we'll look at the details of what organizational psychology is and what it entails.
13. What is Organizational Behavior? - Definition and History of the Field
Organizational behavior is the study of both group and individual performance and activity within an organization. Internal and external perspectives are two theories of how organizational behavior can be viewed by companies.
14. Behavioral Sciences that Impact and Influence Organizational Behavior
The major behavioral science disciplines that have contributed to the development of organizational behavior are psychology, sociology, anthropology, management and medicine. In this lesson, you'll learn about how these behavioral sciences have influenced the development of organizational behavior.
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Other chapters within the AP Psychology: Exam Prep course
- AP Psychology: History and Development of Modern Psychology
- AP Psychology: Research Methods Used in the Study of Psychology
- AP Psychology: Intelligence Testing
- AP Psychology: Biology in Psychology
- AP Psychology: The 5 Senses & Psychology
- AP Psychology: Sleep and Other States of Consciousness
- AP Psychology: Learning & Conditioning
- AP Psychology: Memory & Cognition
- AP Psychology: Emotion
- AP Psychology: Motivation in Psychology
- AP Psychology: Child Development in Psychology
- AP Psychology: Personality Development and Theories
- AP Psychology: Abnormal Psychology
- AP Psychology: Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders
- AP Psychology: Test Strategy