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Ch 20: Substance Use & Abuse

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons and learn about different substances of abuse. Find out about the differences between misusing and abusing a substance and learn about treatment options.

Substance Use & Abuse - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, our instructors describe common substances of abuse and discuss substance use, abuse, and dependence. You will be introduced to common illegal drugs and their names, legal substances of abuse, and commonly used over-the-counter (OTC) medications. This chapter discusses physical consequences, both short and long-term, of various kinds of drug use.

You'll learn about tobacco and its potential for addiction as well as its short-term effects. Long-term consequences of smoking will also be explored as will dependence on stimulants. As you progress through this chapter, you can study the effects of substance use on health and chronic conditions and learn about approaches used to treat individuals with substance use problems. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Discuss nicotine and its addictive properties
  • Define substance use, abuse and dependence and distinguish among them
  • Recognize dependence on stimulants, including amphetamines and cocaine
  • Identify the safety and efficacy of OTC medications
  • Recognize the physical consequences of drug abuse
  • Explain the common modalities used to treat individuals with substance abuse disorders

The lessons are presented in short, engaging videos that capture and hold your interest. They are supplemented with self-assessment quizzes and lesson transcripts. You will be presented with key terms for the important concepts presented, and video timelines you can use to find exactly the spot you wish to review on any of the videos. All of these lessons were designed and written by experts in the field.

13 Lessons in Chapter 20: Substance Use & Abuse
Tobacco Use & Health

1. Tobacco Use & Health

Tobacco contains an addictive chemical called nicotine. Nicotine is why it is so hard to stop using tobacco once you start. Learn how smoking or chewing tobacco causes diseases, affects your breathing and even causes bad breath and yellow teeth.

Tobacco Use: Addiction and Short-Term Effects

2. Tobacco Use: Addiction and Short-Term Effects

In this lesson, you will learn about why it is that smoking is so addictive and what the short-term consequences of tobacco use will result in. You will also find out how nicotine plays an important role in all of this.

Smoking: Long-Term Consequences

3. Smoking: Long-Term Consequences

In this lesson, we will look at why smoking is so harmful to your health from a chemical perspective. After that, we will discuss exactly what smoking causes in the long run. You'll be surprised to learn that lung cancer is the least of your concerns.

Common Illegal Drugs and Their Names

4. Common Illegal Drugs and Their Names

The names law enforcement may formally use for illicit substances aren't likely to be the names of the drugs out on the streets. This lesson will teach you about some famous drugs and their more common street names.

Substance Use, Abuse, and Dependence: Definition and Causes of Substance Disorders

5. Substance Use, Abuse, and Dependence: Definition and Causes of Substance Disorders

Substance use, abuse, and dependence are often confused with each other. In this lesson, we'll look at the differences between the three and common causes of addiction.

Substance Dependence: Definition, Treatment & Symptoms

6. Substance Dependence: Definition, Treatment & Symptoms

In this lesson, you will learn what substance dependence is, what it looks like, and how it is commonly treated. You will also learn the DSM-IV criteria that define substance dependence.

Stimulant Dependence: Amphetamines and Cocaine

7. Stimulant Dependence: Amphetamines and Cocaine

Many people take stimulants like caffeine in small doses every day. But what happens when someone becomes dependent on stimulants? In this lesson, we'll look at the effects of stimulants, including two commonly abused stimulants, cocaine and amphetamines.

GRAS & GRAE: Safety & Efficacy of Over-the-Counter (OTC) Medications

8. GRAS & GRAE: Safety & Efficacy of Over-the-Counter (OTC) Medications

This lesson will explain what the term 'generally recognized as safe and effective' (GRASE, GRAS/E, GRASE/GRAE) means and how that is determined. We will also discuss over-the-counter medication approval.

Drug Abuse: Physical Consequences and Treatment

9. Drug Abuse: Physical Consequences and Treatment

The kidneys, heart, lungs, and skin are all affected by drug use, sometimes severely so. You'll learn how and also the many different ways by which a person can be treated for substance abuse in this lesson.

From Misuse to Abuse: Distinction & Effects

10. From Misuse to Abuse: Distinction & Effects

This lesson will differentiate drug misuse and abuse. You will also learn how the central nervous system is affected by drugs and what other effects drugs have upon the body.

How Substance Use Affects Health and Chronic Conditions

11. How Substance Use Affects Health and Chronic Conditions

While not every substance and every chronic condition can be covered in a single lesson, we attempt to look at the most common types (alcohol and smoking), as well as some generalizations about illegal substances.

Treating Substance-Related Disorders: Biological, Behavioral and Psychodynamic Approaches

12. Treating Substance-Related Disorders: Biological, Behavioral and Psychodynamic Approaches

Millions of people suffer from alcohol and drug addiction. How do people get over addiction? In this lesson, we'll look at four different approaches to substance use treatment.

Drug Abuse and Addictions Counseling

13. Drug Abuse and Addictions Counseling

This lesson looks into current and fundamental knowledge of drug abuse and addiction counselors by exploring the terminology and typology of addiction and substances.

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