About This Chapter
Symptoms of Mineral Deficiency and Toxicity - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter addresses the various types of mineral deficiencies, including zinc, iron, sulfur and magnesium. You'll get an in-depth look at the role of different minerals and find out about common symptoms of mineral toxicity. This chapter is designed to teach you about:
- Role of major minerals as electrolytes
- Symptoms of calcium deficiency
- Magnesium's role in the body
- Symptoms of zinc toxicity
- Role of trace minerals
- Trace minerals toxicity
|Sodium, Potassium & Chloride: Electrolyte Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Examine roles of sodium, potassium and chloride as electrolytes. Describe symptoms associated with their deficiency and toxicity.|
|Calcium Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Determine where calcium is found in the body and what happens when individuals consume too much or too little of it.|
|Phosphorus Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Assess the importance of phosphorus in the body and find out what happens when too much is ingested. Describe symptoms associated with not getting enough phosphorus.|
|Magnesium Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Detail how magnesium is used in the body and outline issues associated with taking in too much or not enough of this mineral.|
|Sulfur Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Find out where sulfur is found in the body and what function it performs.|
|Iron: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Describe what happens when humans overload on iron. Examine its use in the body and how an iron deficiency is diagnosed.|
|Zinc: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Understand how much zinc is needed in the human body and describe its benefits.|
|Iodine: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Examine the role of iodine in the human body and detail symptoms that result from not getting enough or getting too much iodine.|
|Copper, Selenium & Chromium: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Assess the role of these trace minerals. Determine how much is required for the human body to operate effectively.|
|Copper: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Examine what happens when too much copper is ingested and get info on symptoms that result from a copper deficiency.|
|Selenium: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Explore how selenium is used in the human body. Learn about symptoms associated with its deficiency and toxicity.|
|Chromium: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Describe chromium's role in the function of the body. Examine symptoms that occur when too much or too little chromium is absorbed in the body.|
|Fluoride, Manganese & Molybdenum: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms||Detail uses of these trace minerals in the body. Assess symptoms of deficiency and toxicity.|
1. Sodium, Potassium & Chloride: Electrolyte Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Sodium, potassium and chloride are electrolytes needed by your body for proper fluid balance, nervous system function and heart function. Learn how they are regulated and what happens if there are too few or too many in your body in this lesson.
2. Calcium Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Calcium helps strengthen your bones and is also needed for muscle contractions and proper nervous system function. Learn how blood calcium levels are regulated and what happens when there is too little or too much of this mineral in your body in this lesson.
3. Copper: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Copper is a trace mineral that is needed by your body for a number of functions, including making healthy red blood cells. Learn about food sources of copper as well as what happens to your body if it has too little or too much copper.
4. Sulfur Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Sulfur is a major mineral of the body that is part of certain amino acids and helps with many bodily processes. Learn what happens if you do not get enough of the mineral through your diet and what happens, if anything, when too much is ingested in this lesson.
5. Selenium: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Selenium is a trace mineral needed for proper thyroid function and other processes. Learn about conditions linked to selenium deficiency, such as Keshan disease and Kashin-Beck disease, as well as toxicity symptoms, such as hair and nail loss, in this lesson.
6. Magnesium Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Magnesium is a major mineral needed by your body for a number of processes. Learn how symptoms such as muscle twitches, depression, fatigue and numbness are related to magnesium deficiency, as well as the effects of magnesium toxicity, in this lesson.
7. Chromium: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Chromium is a trace mineral that helps maintain normal blood glucose levels in your body. Learn who is at risk of deficiency and how a deficiency can lead to diabetes-like symptoms, as well as the issues, if any, related to chromium toxicity in this lesson.
8. Phosphorus Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Phosphorus is a mineral needed by your body for strong bones and teeth and other body processes. Learn about the functions and sources of this major mineral, as well as what happens to your body if there is too little or too much, in this lesson.
9. Iron: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Iron is a trace mineral that your body gets from a variety of animal and plant foods. It has many functions, including making hemoglobin. Learn how low iron can lead to iron deficiency anemia and the health consequences associated with iron toxicity.
10. Zinc: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
In this lesson, you'll learn about zinc, which is a trace mineral that is needed for a number of functions in your body. Learn how a zinc deficiency can negatively impact your health and impair your immune function. Also, learn about the signs and symptoms associated with zinc toxicity.
11. Iodine: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Iodine is a trace mineral needed for the production of thyroid hormones. It's commonly found in iodized salt. Learn about conditions of iodine deficiency, such as a goiter and cretinism, as well as symptoms that come with excessive intake of iodine.
12. Fluoride: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Fluoride, obtained from toothpaste and fluoridated water, helps protect your teeth from dental caries. Learn how fluoride works and what happens if you do not get enough fluoride or ingest too much of this trace mineral.
13. Manganese: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Manganese is a trace mineral used by your body as a cofactor that helps certain enzymes function properly. Learn what happens to your body if you consume too little manganese and what happens, if anything, when you consume too much in this lesson.
14. Molybdenum: Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Learn how the trace mineral molybdenum acts as a cofactor for enzymes that carry out important life functions and what signs and symptoms may arise if you take in too little or too much molybdenum in your daily diet.
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Other chapters within the Nutrition 101: Science of Nutrition course
- Introduction to Nutrition
- Healthy Diet Planning
- Role of Carbohydrates in Nutrition
- Role of Lipids in Nutrition
- Protein's Role in Nutrition
- Role of Water in Nutrition
- Minerals in Nutrition
- How Vitamins Support Nutrition
- Anatomy of the Digestive System
- Nutrient Digestion, Absorption & Transport
- Cell Anatomy & Metabolism
- Weight Management & Energy Needs
- Eating Disorders: Risk to Nutrition
- Physical Activity & Nutrition
- Studying for Nutrition 101