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Ch 12: The Age of Exploration

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons and learn about the Age of Exploration, from the Old World to the New World. Take the quizzes that follow each lesson to test your knowledge of the Age of Exploration.

The Age of Exploration - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

During the Age of Exploration, people started to drift further from their old roots and set out to new destinations. In these lessons, you'll learn how the old world influenced the new world and vice versa. You'll also study the Ottoman Empire and the Conquistadors. By the end of this chapter, you'll be able to do the following:

  • Detail the history of gunpowder in the west.
  • Discuss great explorers of Spain and Portugal and their discoveries.
  • Describe what Machiavelli learned from the Italian Wars.
  • Discuss the artwork of Michelangelo.
  • Trace the weakening of Papal authority

VideoObjective
The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to EuropeDiscuss what the old world got from the new world, including crops, optimism and wealth, and what the new world got from the old, including smallpox. Also, explore reasons Europeans sailed to the new world and the effects this had on Europe and the Americas.
History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New WorldLearn about the history of gunpowder in the west and its implications for the future.
Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & DiscoveriesGet a glimpse at the history of Spain and a survey of the great explorers, their aims and their discoveries.
Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & PiracyLearn about mapping the world, who owns what and how you get there.
The Italian Wars and Weakening of Papal AuthorityDiscuss participants in the Italian Wars and further weakening of Papal Authority.
Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian WarsFind out what one man learned from the Italian Wars.
Michelangelo: Biography and WorksLearn about the artist and view slides of his work.
Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New WorldDiscuss Spanish regulation of Native American labor and autonomy during colonization.
Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture & ExploitsGet an overview of Ottoman history, culture, art and architecture up to Suleiman, as well as an account of Suleiman's exploits.

9 Lessons in Chapter 12: The Age of Exploration
The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.

History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World

2. History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World

This lesson will discuss the history of gun powder and its effect on the New World. It will highlight the development of firearms, as well as the Europeans who used gunpowder to ravage the Americas.

Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries

3. Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries

This lesson will focus on the New World explorations of Spain and Portugal. It will list explorers from both of these countries while also highlighting the motivations behind European exploration.

Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy

4. Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy

This lesson will focus on the improvement of maps, the growth of seaborne commerce, and the piracy that occurred during the Age of Exploration. It will also highlight the famous Sea Dogs of England.

The Italian Wars and Weakening of Papal Authority

5. The Italian Wars and Weakening of Papal Authority

This lesson will discuss the Italian Wars and their effects on the Papacy and the political landscape of Italy. It will also highlight the power struggle between France and Spain, which dominated much of 16th century Europe.

Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars

6. Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars

This lesson focuses on Machiavelli and his views on governing, specifically pertaining to the actions of rulers. It will also highlight the actions of several countries involved in the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries.

Michelangelo: Biography and Works

7. Michelangelo: Biography and Works

This lesson will focus on the life and works of Michelangelo. It will discuss his life in Florence, his dealings with the Medici family, his sculpture 'David,' the Sistine Chapel and many other of his awe-inspiring works.

Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World

8. Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World

This lesson will discuss the conquistadors of the New World. It will highlight Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro. It will also explain the encomienda system and its impact on the native populations.

Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture & Exploits

9. Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture & Exploits

This lesson will focus on Suleiman the Magnificent, ruler of the Ottoman Empire. It will highlight his conquests of Eastern Europe and his wars with the Habsburg Dynasty. It will also discuss the cultural advancements of his rule.

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