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Ch 21: The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades

About This Chapter

Use these video lessons and learn about the rise and fall of the Byzantine Empire as well as the impact of the Crusades in Europe. You can take a short quiz at the end of each lesson to see how much you learned from the content covered.

The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Once the Roman Empire fell, the Byzantines took over. The Byzantine emperors led an empire that kept Roman laws and culture alive while also fighting off continual invasion. In fact, it was the repercussions of invasion that played a role in the First Crusade. In this chapter, you'll explore the role of the Byzantine Empire and the Church in maintaining Roman culture. You will also learn about Byzantine leaders, the Crusades and what ultimately led the Byzantine Empire to meet its end. By studying the video lessons, you'll get details on topics like:

  • What Justinian's role in spreading Roman law was
  • What styles and characteristics define Byzantine art and architecture
  • Who was involved in initiating the Crusades and why
  • How the Crusades impacted Western civilization
  • What contributed to the Byzantine Empire's decline

VideoObjective
Heirs of Rome: The Church and the ByzantinesFind out how Byzantine rulers and the Christian Church kept Roman civilization alive.
Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors after ConstantineDiscover the impact of Roman emperors that ruled after Constantine and the legacy of Justinian's Code of Law.
Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & CharacteristicsExplore the defining elements of Byzantine mosaics and other forms of art.
Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & ExamplesExamine the development and features of Byzantine architecture.
The First Crusade: Causes and EffectsLearn what initiated the First Crusade and why the event was successful.
The Great Crusades: History and TimelineTake a look at the other Crusades and why they failed.
Results and Impacts of the CrusadesIdentify the political, economic and social effects of the Crusades in Europe.
The Slow Decline of the Byzantine EmpireSee how invasion and other factors led to the Byzantine Empire's demise.

8 Lessons in Chapter 21: The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades
Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines

1. Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines

The Roman Empire covered a vast area, and when it fell, its people were in danger of losing their civilization. This lesson explores some of the things that remained as the Empire fell, as well as how they affected Roman citizens.

Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine

2. Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine

This lesson will highlight the emperors after Constantine. It will specifically explore the reign of Justinian and the famous Justinian code of law. It will also discuss the Apostate and the battle of Adrianople.

Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics

3. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics

This lesson covers Byzantine art and explains the difficulties of imposing artistic periods. Justinian is introduced as the man behind the Byzantine Golden Age. We explore the interesting dynamic between Byzantine imperialism and Christian religion. Finally, we take a brief look at eastern religious icons.

Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples

4. Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples

In this lesson, we look at the development of Byzantine architecture. We examine its relationship to the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. We then compare Byzantine architecture to early Christian architecture and enumerate the distinctly Byzantine elements of their art and architecture: central-plan, domes and pendentives. Finally, we touch briefly on how these architectural masterpieces were decorated.

The First Crusade: Causes and Effects

5. The First Crusade: Causes and Effects

This lesson covers the motivations of Pope Urban II in calling for the crusade at Clermont and at the religious and secular motivations of European laymen. We will also look at the startling success of the first crusade.

The Great Crusades: History and Timeline

6. The Great Crusades: History and Timeline

This lesson examines the utter failure of the later crusades. We look at some of the factors that led to this failure. We then have a glimpse at each of the major crusades abroad, as well as the political and heretical crusades in Europe.

Results and Impact of the Crusades

7. Results and Impact of the Crusades

This lesson explores the results and impact of the Crusades. We examine the social impact, the political impact and the economic impact of three centuries of crusading.

The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire

8. The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire

This lesson will explore the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. It will highlight internal instability and outside invasion as two of the major factors that led to the 1453 fall of Constantinople and the empire.

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