About This Chapter
The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Once the Roman Empire fell, the Byzantines took over. The Byzantine emperors led an empire that kept Roman laws and culture alive while also fighting off continual invasion. In fact, it was the repercussions of invasion that played a role in the First Crusade. In this chapter, you'll explore the role of the Byzantine Empire and the Church in maintaining Roman culture. You will also learn about Byzantine leaders, the Crusades and what ultimately led the Byzantine Empire to meet its end. By studying the video lessons, you'll get details on topics like:
- What Justinian's role in spreading Roman law was
- What styles and characteristics define Byzantine art and architecture
- Who was involved in initiating the Crusades and why
- How the Crusades impacted Western civilization
- What contributed to the Byzantine Empire's decline
|Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines||Find out how Byzantine rulers and the Christian Church kept Roman civilization alive.|
|Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors after Constantine||Discover the impact of Roman emperors that ruled after Constantine and the legacy of Justinian's Code of Law.|
|Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics||Explore the defining elements of Byzantine mosaics and other forms of art.|
|Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples||Examine the development and features of Byzantine architecture.|
|The First Crusade: Causes and Effects||Learn what initiated the First Crusade and why the event was successful.|
|The Great Crusades: History and Timeline||Take a look at the other Crusades and why they failed.|
|Results and Impacts of the Crusades||Identify the political, economic and social effects of the Crusades in Europe.|
|The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire||See how invasion and other factors led to the Byzantine Empire's demise.|
1. Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines
The Roman Empire covered a vast area, and when it fell, its people were in danger of losing their civilization. This lesson explores some of the things that remained as the Empire fell, as well as how they affected Roman citizens.
2. Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine
This lesson will highlight the emperors after Constantine. It will specifically explore the reign of Justinian and the famous Justinian code of law. It will also discuss the Apostate and the battle of Adrianople.
3. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics
This lesson covers Byzantine art and explains the difficulties of imposing artistic periods. Justinian is introduced as the man behind the Byzantine Golden Age. We explore the interesting dynamic between Byzantine imperialism and Christian religion. Finally, we take a brief look at eastern religious icons.
4. Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples
In this lesson, we look at the development of Byzantine architecture. We examine its relationship to the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. We then compare Byzantine architecture to early Christian architecture and enumerate the distinctly Byzantine elements of their art and architecture: central-plan, domes and pendentives. Finally, we touch briefly on how these architectural masterpieces were decorated.
5. The First Crusade: Causes and Effects
This lesson covers the motivations of Pope Urban II in calling for the crusade at Clermont and at the religious and secular motivations of European laymen. We will also look at the startling success of the first crusade.
6. The Great Crusades: History and Timeline
This lesson examines the utter failure of the later crusades. We look at some of the factors that led to this failure. We then have a glimpse at each of the major crusades abroad, as well as the political and heretical crusades in Europe.
7. Results and Impact of the Crusades
This lesson explores the results and impact of the Crusades. We examine the social impact, the political impact and the economic impact of three centuries of crusading.
8. The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire
This lesson will explore the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. It will highlight internal instability and outside invasion as two of the major factors that led to the 1453 fall of Constantinople and the empire.
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Other chapters within the History 112: World History I course
- Prehistory & the Development of Humankind
- Civilization Begins at Mesopotamia
- Early Egyptian Civilization
- Early Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
- The Rise of Empires in the Ancient Near East
- Early Indian Civilizations & Empires
- Early Chinese Civilizations & Empires
- Early Greek Civilizations
- Classical Greek Culture & Philosophy
- Alexander & the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire
- Roman Culture & Society
- The Development of Christianity
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Birth of the Muslim World
- Early African Civilizations
- Early Civilizations in Asia
- The Roman World in Transformation
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- Rise of the Russians & the Turks
- Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period
- Medieval Civilization & Christianity
- European Kingdoms Emerge
- Culture of the High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- The Muslim World Expands
- The European Renaissance